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Amanatidou, Katerina
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dc.date.accessioned
2016-01-28T12:25:57Z
dc.date.available
2016-01-29T01:00:13Z
dc.date.issued
2016-01-28
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/12426
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Dionysos
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dc.subject
cult
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dc.subject
Greek colonies
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dc.subject
Black Sea
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dc.title
The cult of Dionysos in the Black Sea region
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
k_amanatidou@yahoo.gr
heal.classification
Archaeology
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Greece--Religion
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Religion--History
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Dionysus (Greek deity)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Black Sea Region--Religion
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Dionysus (Greek deity)--Cult
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Religion and civilization
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Religion and culture
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Religion and culture--History
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Religion and ethics
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
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heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
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Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colo nies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol. I , BAR I nternational S eries 1675 ( I), Oxford, 239 – 286. Balena, I. 2013. The Foundation of Panticapaion: Greek Colonist and Native Population on the Northern Black Sea Coast. In M. Manoledakis (ed), Exploring the Hospitable Sea: Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Black Sea in Antiquity held in Thessaloniki 21 – 23 September 2012 , BAR I nternational S eries 2498 , Archaeopress Oxford, 6 7 - 76 . Bilde P. G. 2007 - 2008. Archaeology in the Black Sea region in Classical Antiquity 1993 - 2007 , AR 54, 115 - 173. 94 Bilde , P. G. 2008. Some reflections on eschatological currents, diasporic experience and group identity in the northwestern Black Sea region. In P. G. Bilde - J.H. Petersen (eds), Meetings of cultures in the Black Sea region. Between conflict and coexistence , BSS 8, Aarhus University Press, 29 - 46. Boardman , J. 1999. The Greeks Overseas: Their early colonies and trade , Thames & Hudson. Boer , J. 2005. The foundati on of Agathopolis/Alaeouteichos and the Athenian Black Sea policy in the 5th century B.C. I n D. Kacharava - M. Faudot - E. Geny (eds), Pont – Euxin et Polis, Polis Hellenis and Polis Barbaron . Ac tes du X symposium de Vani 23 - 26 September 200 2. Presses Universitaires Franc - Comtoises, 167 - 180. Braund , D . - Ha ll , E. 2014. Theatre in the f ourth - century Black Sea region. I n E. Csapo – H.R. Goette – J.R. Green – P. Wilson (eds ), Greek theatre in the fourth - century BC , De Gruyter Berlin, 371 - 392. Burkert , W. 1985. Greek religion. Archaic and Classical , Blackwell Publishing. Buxton , R. 2013. Myths and Tragedies in their ancient Greek contexts , Oxford University Press. Buzoianu , L. - Bărbulescu , M. 2007. Tomis. I n D.V. Grammenos – E.K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colonies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol.I, BAR International Series 1675 (I), Oxford, 287 – 336. Callataÿ , F. 2009. The f irst royal coinages of Pontos. I n J.M. Højte (ed), Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom , BSS 9, Aarhus Universit y Press, 329 - 352 . Damyanov , M. 2007. Dionysopolis, its territory and ne ighbors in the pre - Roman times. I n D.V. Grammenos – E.K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colonies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol.I, BAR International Series 1675(I), Oxford, 1 - 36. 95 Doonan , O. 2003. Sinope. I n D. V. Grammenos – E. K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea , V. II, Thessaloniki, 1379 - 1402. Doonan , O. 2006. Exploring community in the hinterland of a Black Sea port. In P.G. Bilde – V.F. Stolba (eds), Surveying the Greek chora. The Black Sea region in a comparative perspective , BSS 4, Aarhus University Press, 47 - 58. Erciyas , D.B. 2006. Wealth, aristocracy and royal propaganda under the Hellenistic Kingdom of the Mithridatids in the central Black Sea region of Turkey , Brill. Erciyas, D.B. 2007. Cotyora, Kerasus and Trapezous: The three col onies of Sinope. In D.V. Grammenos – E.K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colonies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol.II, British Archaeological Report, International Series 1675(II), Oxford, 1195 - 1207 . Farnell , L.R. 1909. The cults of the Greek states , Vol.5, Oxford Clarendon Press , digitally printed version Cambridge Universi ty Press 2010 . Fol , A. 1996. Thrac ia Pontica - Twenty years later. In G.R. Tsetskhladze (ed) , New Studies on the Black Sea Littoral , Colloquia Pontica 1, Oxbow Books, 1 - 12. Garland , R. 2014. Wandering Greeks: The ancient Greek Diaspora from the age of Homer to the Death of Alexander the Great , Princeton University Press. Gavrilov , A.V. 2009. Coins finds from th e Kuru Baš fortified settlement. I n J.M. Højte (ed), Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom , BSS 9, Aarhus University Press, 63 - 94. Gotcheva , Z. 2007. La Thrace Po ntique et la mythologie Grecque. I n D.V. Grammenos – E.K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colonies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol. I, BAR International Series 1675(I), Oxford, 51 – 84. 96 Guthrie , W . K . C . 2000. Ο Ορφέας και η αρχαία ελληνική θρησκεία , Ka rdamitsa , Athens . Hind, J. 1992 - 1993. Archaeology of the Greeks and Barbarian people around the Black Sea (1982 - 1992) , AR 39 , 82 - 112 . Hind , J. 1998. Megarian colonisation in th e western half of the Black Sea. In G.R. Tsetskhladze (ed), The Greek colonisation of the Black Sea area, Stuttgart , Franz Steiner, 131 - 152. Højte , J.M. 2009. Portraits and Statues of Mithridates VI. I n J.M. Højte (ed), Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom , BSS 9, Aarhus University Press , 145 - 162. Inwood , C.S. 2000a. What is Polis religion? In R. Buxton (ed), Oxford readings in Greek religion , Oxford Universit y Press , 13 - 37. Inwood , C.S. 2000b. Further aspects of Polis religion . In R. Buxton (ed), Oxford readings in Greek religion , Oxford University Press, 38 - 55. Isaac , B. 1986. The Greek settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian conquest , Netherlands, Leiden Brill . Kacharava , D. 2005. Polis Hellenis in the Black Sea area. I n D. Kacharava - M. Faudot - E. Geny (eds), Pont – Euxin et Polis, Polis Hellenis and Polis Barbaron. Actes du X e symposium de Vani 23 - 26 September 2002. Presses Universitaires Franc - Comtoises , 9 - 31. Kacharava , D. – Kvirkvelia , G. 2009a. Βάνι: Τα αρχαιολογικά δεδομένα . In Jennifer Y . Chi ., ( ed ), Από τη χώρα του χρυσόμαλλου δέρατος: Θησαυροί της αρχαίας Κολχίδας, D . Kacharava - G . Kvirkvelia , Μουσείο Μπενάκη Αθήνα, 54 - 83. 97 Kacharava , D . – Kvirkvelia , G . 2009 b . Η αμπελουργία και ο Διόνυσος στο ελληνιστικό Βάνι . In Jennifer Y . Chi ., ( ed ), Από τη χώρα του χρυσόμαλλου δέρατος: Θησαυροί της αρχαίας Κολχίδας, D . Kacharava - G . Kvirkvelia, Μουσείο Μπενάκη Αθήνα , 116 - 129. Kerényi , C. 1951. The Gods of the Greeks , Thames & Hudson. Koshelenko , G.A – Kuznetsov , V.D. 1996. Colchis and Bospor us: Two models of colonization. In G.R. Tsetskhladze (ed), New studies on the Black Sea littoral , Colloquia Pontica1, Oxbow Oxford, 17 - 30. Krapivina, V.V. 2010. Home sanctuaries in the Northern Black Sea littoral. In E.K. Petropoulos - A. Maslennikov (eds), Ancient Sacral Monuments in the Black Sea , Kyriakidis Bros , Thessaloniki, 127 - 170. Kryzhitskij , S.D. 1997. The landscape of the North Pontic city - st ates – a case study from Olbia. In J.C Chapman - P. M. Dolukha nov (eds), Landscapes in flux: Central and Eastern Europe in antiquity, Central and Eastern Europe in antiquity , Colloquia Pontica 3, Oxford Oxbow, 101 - 114. Kryzhitskij , S.D. - Krapivina , V.V. - Lejpunskaja , N.A. - Nazarov , V.V. 2003. Olbia – Berezan. In D. V. Gra mmenos – E. K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea , V. I, Thessaloniki, 389 - 507. Kryzhitskij , S.D. – Kr apivina , V.V. 2003. Olbian chora . In D. V. Grammenos – E. K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea , V ol . I, Thessaloniki, 507 - 563. Larson , J. 2007. Ancient Greek cults: a guide , Routledge New York – London. Lazarenko , I. – Mircheva , E. – Encheva , R. – Sharankov , N. 2010. The temple of the Pontic Mother of Gods in Dionysopolis . In E.K. Petropoulos - A. Maslennikov 99 Nedev , D. – Panayotova , K. 2003. Apollonia Pontica, e nd of the 7 th – 1 st centuries BC. In D. V. Grammenos – E. K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea , V ol . I, Thessaloniki, 95 - 156. Ochotnikov , S.B . 2006. The Chorai of the ancient cities in the Lower Dniester area (6 th century BC - 3 rd century AD). In P.G. Bilde – V.F. Stolba (eds), Surveying the Greek chora. The Black Sea region in a comparative perspective , BSS 4, Aarhus University Press, 81 - 9 8. Onyshkevych , L. 2002. Interpreti ng t he Berezan bone graffito. I n V.B. Gorman – E.W. Robinson (eds), Oikistes: Studies in constitutions, colonies and military power in the ancient world . Leiden Brill, 161 - 180. Öztürk, B. 2013. The history of Tieion/Tios (Eastern Bithynia) in the light of inscriptions. In M. Manoledakis (ed), Exploring the Hospitable Sea: Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Black Sea in Antiquity held in Thessaloniki 21 – 23 September 2012, BAR I nternational S eries 2498 , Oxford Archaeopress, 147 - 164 . Panayotova , K. 2007. Burial and post - burial rites in the nec ropoleis of the Greek colonies. I n D.V. Grammenos – E.K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek colonies in the Black Sea 2 , Vol. I, BAR International Series 1675(I), Oxford, 85 – 126. Prauscello , L. 2013. Demeter and Dionysos in the Sixth - Century Argolid: Lasos of Hermione, the cult of Demeter Chthoni a and the origins of Dithyramb. In B. Kowalzig - P. Wilson (eds), Dithyramb in conte xt , Oxford University Press, 93 - 110. Preshlenov , H. 2003.Mesambria. In D. V. Grammenos – E. K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea , V ol . I, Thessaloniki, 157 - 208. Radcliffe , G. E. 2013. Redefining ancient Orphism: a study in Greek religion , Cambridge University Press. 101 Smekalova , T.N. 2009. The earliest application of brass and “pure” copper in the Hellenistic coinages of Asia Minor an d the northern Black Sea coast. I n J.M. Højte (ed), Mithridates VI and the Pontic Kingdom , BSS 9, Aarhus University Press, 233 - 248 . Sokolova , O.Y. 2003. Nymphaeum. In D.V. Grammenos - E. K. Petropoulos, (eds) , Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea. Vol. I, Thessaloniki, 759 - 802. Sokolova , O.Y. 2007. City of Nymphaeum: Excavation results (1991 - 2000). I n S. L. Solovyov (ed), Greeks and Natives in the Cimmerian Bosporus 7 th - 1 st centuries B.C , Proceedings of the International Conference October 2000, Taman, Russia , BAR International series , 113 - 116. Solovyov , S.L. 1998. Archaic Berezan. In G.R. Tsetskhladze (ed), The Greek colonisation of the Black Sea area. Historical Interpretation of Archaeology, Stuttgart , Franz Steiner , 205 - 225. Solovyov , S.L. 2001. The arc haeological excavation of th e Berezan settlement 1987 - 1991. In G.R. Tsetskhladze (ed), North Pontic Archaeology. Recent discoveries and studies , Colloquia Pontica 6, Leiden Brill, 117 - 143. Stoyanov, T. 2012. Sinope as a trading and cultural agent in Thrace during the Classical and early Hellenistic periods. In T. D. Kassab (ed), Sinope: fifteen years of research , Brill, 4 05 - 428. Summerer , L. 1999. Hellenistische Terrakotten aus Amisos: ein Beitrag zur Kunstgeschichte des Pontosgebietes , Geographica Historica 12, Stuttgart. Tacheva - Hitova , M. 1983. Eastern cults in Moesia Inferior and Thracia. (5 th century BC - 4 th century AD) , E.J. Brill, Leiden. 104 Internet Sources Alexieva, M., ‘Orphic - Dionysian Religiousness: To the Interpretati on of the Bronze Ritual Mirror f rom Olbia Pontica. XIII Congressus internationalis epigraphiae Graecae et Latinae, Oxford 2007. http://ciegl.class ics.ox.ac.uk/html/webposters/1_Alexieva.pdf , 1 – 11 http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/main
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heal.recordProvider
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
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heal.publicationDate
2016-01-28
heal.bibliographicCitation
Amanatidou Katerina, The cult of Dionysos in the Black Sea region, School of Humanities, International Hellenic University, 2016.
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heal.abstract
In the ancient Greek world the religion was an integral part and an essential element in people's both private and public life. Dionysos, the god of wine and of theatrical performances, was a significant god of the Hellenic pantheon and his cult was popular and widespread among the Greeks. Moreover, he was being worshiped as a chthonic deity that was related with the fertility of nature and with mystic rituals often under the epithet Bacchus. The aim of the present thesis is to provide a detailed presentation and a substantive overview of all the aspects in people’s life that express their religious conception and preference to the cult of Dionysos in the Greek colonies of the Black Sea region at different historical periods. In researching such a complicated phenomenon as the religion of a community that encompass various beliefs and rituals, the actual facts, the ancient written records, the cult implements and monuments are being considered along with the seeds from which they arose. That is, in a first level, the connection between the Greek mythology and the religion, while in a second level that is specified by the actual needs of the inhabitants of a colony in conjunction with the character of its economy and the overall necessities that led to the invocation of Dionysos for help and support. The core of the inquiry contains an enumeration and a thorough examination of all the immobile and mobile findings, discovered so far, such as the architectural remains of temples and theatres, the inscriptions, the statues, the coins, the pottery, the terracotta figurines and other artefacts, which reflect the predilection of a colony towards the cult of Dionysos. Some general historical information of the cities, from which our evidence originate, are also provided. Finally, the political aspect of Dionysos’ cult is being approached through the analysis of the religious policy of Mithridates VI the Eupator in the Pontic and Bosporan Kingdom. The key tool for accomplishing the present thesis was the combined research and the correlation of the relatively limited ancient written sources with the archaeological evidence. Even though several ancient sites are beneath modern cities or in other cases submerged by the rise of the sea level, numerous excavations and surveys had been conducted throughout the whole Black Sea littoral. Despite the significant archaeological material derived from the excavations, especially from the western, northwestern area and the Kerch Straits, their publications is, at least yet, far from being adequate for the academic scholarship.
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heal.tableOfContents
Contents Acknowledgements ………………………………………………………………………….. 3 Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 4 Contents …………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………… 8 Theoretical context …………………………………………………………………………. 10 A. The Greek colonies in the Black Sea region and the religion ………. 10 A. 1.1. The Greek colonisation of the Black Sea region …………………………………………. 10 A. 1.2. The religion in the Black Sea colonies ………………………………………………………… 13 B. Dionysos in Greek religion and culture ………………………………………. 15 B. 1.1. Attributes, iconography, origin and functions of the god Dionysos ……………. 15 B. 1.2. Dionysos’ mythology and presence in ancient Greek literature …………………. 18 B. 1.3. Ancient theatre and festivals in honour of Dionysos ………………………………….. 20 C. Archaeological evidence …………………………………………………………….. 22 1. The cult of Dionysos in the Western Black Sea region ………………….. 22 1.1. Apollonia Pontica …………………………………………………………………………………………… 23 1.2. Mesambria …………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 25 1.3. Odessos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 27 1.4. Dionysopolis ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28 1.5. Kallatis …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 32 1.6. Tomis …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 35 1.7. Histria ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 36 2. The cult of Dionysos in the Northern Black Sea region ………………… 37 2.1. Tyras ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 37 2.2. Nikonion ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 38 2.3. Borysthenes and Olbia …………………………………………………………………………………… 40 Northwestern Crimea ……………………………………………………………………… 43 2.4. Chersonesos Taurike ……………………………………………………………………………………… 43 Cimmerian Bosporus ………………………………………………………………………. 44 European part of Bosporus ……………………………………………………………… 45 2.5. Kerch peninsula and the Crimean Azov Coast ………………………………………………… 45 2.6. Porthmion ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 46 2.7. Panticapaion ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46 2.8. Nymphaion ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 48 2.9. Kytaia …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49 3. The cult of Dionysos in the Eastern Black Sea region ……………………. 51 3.1. Vani ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 51 4. The cult of Dionysos in the Southern Black Sea region …………………. 53 4.1. Amisos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 53 4.2. Sinope ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 55 4.3. Tios ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 56 D. The cult of Dionysos in the Pontic and Bosporan Kingdom during the reign of Mithridates VI the Eupator …………………………………………………. 58 D.1.1 The Pontic Kingdom under the reign of Mithridates VI the Eupator ……….. 58 D.1.2 The Mithridates’ policy and the propaganda connected to Dionysos’ cult …… 59 Conclusions …………………………………………………………………………………….. 63 Figures ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 67 Abbreviations …………………………………………………………………………………. 92 Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………………… 93
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heal.advisorName
Manoledakis, Manolis
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heal.committeeMemberName
Manoledakis, Manolis
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heal.committeeMemberName
Xydopoulos, Ioannis
EN
heal.committeeMemberName
Petropoulos, Elias
EN
heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
104
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heal.spatialCoverage
Black Sea region
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heal.temporalCoverage
Antiquity
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