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dc.contributor.author
Katselas, Georgios
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-02-17T07:27:55Z
dc.date.available
2016-02-18T01:00:23Z
dc.date.issued
2016-02-17
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/12442
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Costs and Benefits Analysis of Renewable Energy in Greece
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.classification
Engineering
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources
EN
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources--Environmental aspects
EN
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources--Economic aspects
EN
heal.language
en
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heal.access
free
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heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
[1] Commission of the European Communities, Green Paper: A European Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy , Brussels, 8 March 2006 [2] Communication f rom the Commission to the European Council and the European Parliament, An Energy Policy for E urope , Brussels, 10 January 2007 [3] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and th e Committee of the Regions, A Policy Framework for Climate and Energy in the Period from 2020 to 2030 , Brussels, 22 January 2014 [4] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Energy Roadmap 2050 , Brussels, 15 December 2011 [5] Εφημερίδα της Κυβερνήσεως, Νόμος Υπ’ Αριθ. 3851, Επιτάχυνση της Ανάπτυξης των Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας για την Αντιμετώπιση της Κλιματικής Αλλαγής και άλλες Διατάξεις σε Θέματα Αρμοδιότητας του Υπουργείου Περιβάλλοντος, Ενέργειας και Κλιματικής Αλλαγής , Εθνικό Τυπογραφείο, Αριθμός Φύλλου 85, Αθήνα, 4 Ιουνίου 2010 [6 ] Ministry of Environment and Energy , National Renewable Energy Action Plan in the Scope of Directive 2009/28/EC , [7 ] Ariel Bergmann and Nick Hanley, The Costs and Benefits of Renewable Energy in Scotland , Government Offices of Sweden, Ministry of Finance, 2012 [8 ] Kenneth N. Brooks, Peter F. Ffolliott and Joseph A. Magner, Hydrology and the Management of Watersheds , Wiley - Blackwell Publication, U.K., 2013 - 40 - [ 9 ] Nick Hanley and Clive L. Spash, Cost - Benefit Analysis and the Environment, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 1993 [10 ] Robert Sugden and Alan Harold Williams, The Principles of Practical Cost - Benef it Analysis , Oxford University Press, 1978 [11 ] Gines de Rus, Introduction to Cos t - Benefit Analysis, Looking for Reasonable Shortcuts , Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2012 [12 ] Harry F. Campbell and Richard P.C. Brown, Benefit - Cost Analysis, Financial and Economic Appraisal Using Spreadsheets , Cambridge University Press, 2003 [ 13 ] Ea Energy Analyses, Renewable Energy Costs and Benefits for Society RECABS, IEA’s Implementing Agreement on Renewable Energy Technology Deployment [ 14 ] European Wind Energy Association (EWEA), Wind Energy - The Facts: Volume 4 - E nvironment , March 2009 [15 ] Dallas Burtraw, Alan Krupnick and Gabriel Sampson, The True Cost of Eclectic Power , RFF Report, June 2012 [16 ] Thomas Sundqvist and Patrick Söderholm, Valuing the Environmental Impacts of Electricity Generation: A Critical Survey , Journal of Energy Literature, Vol. VIII, No. 2, 2002 [17 ] Cliff Chen, Ryan Wiser and Mark Bolinger, Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards: A comparative Analysis of State - Level Policy Impact Projections , Berkeley National Laboratory, March 2007 [18 ] Rana El - Guindy, Environmental Externalities from Electric Power Generation, The Case of RCREEE Member States , September 2013 [19 ] Ministry of Environment and Energy , www.ypeka.gr - 41 - [20 ] Centre for Renewable Energy Sources and Saving, www.cres.gr [21 ] Operator of Electricity Market, www.lagie.gr [22] Eurostat, www.ec.europa.eu/eurostat [23] European Parliament and the Council of European Union, Directive 2001/77/EC o f the 27 September 2001 on the Promotion of Electricity Produced from Renewable Energy Sources in the Internal Electricity M arket , Brussels, 2001 [2 4 ] Ανδριάνα Βλάχου, Περιβάλλον και Φυσικοί Πόροι - Οικονομική Θεωρία και Π ολιτική , Τ όμος Α ́, Εκδόσεις Κριτική, 2001 [25 ] Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration, www.igme.gr [26] WWF Ελλάς, Λύσεις για την Κλιματική Αλλαγή: Όραμα Βιωσιμότητας για την Ελλάδα του 2050 , Επιστημονική Έκθεση του WWF Ελλάς, Αθήνα, Οκτώβριος 2008 [2 7 ] WWF Ελλάς, Πράσινα μέτρα στην Ελλάδα : Αξιολόγηση Οφέλους/Κόστους από την Υλοποίηση Σειράς Δράσεων Προώθησης των Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών και της Εξοικονόμησης Ενέργειας , Επιστημονική Έ κθεση του WWF Ελλάς και του Οικονομικού Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών , Αθήνα, Ιούνιος 20 10 [28] Hellenic Transmission System Operator, www.desmie.gr [29] Ministry of Environment and Energy , Έκθεση για τον τομέα ηλεκτροπαραγωγής από Α.Π.Ε. στο πλαίσιο του σχεδιασμού αναμόρφωσης του μηχανισμού στήριξης, Αθήνα, Απρίλιος 2012 [ 30 ] Public Power Corporation, www.dei.gr [ 3 1 ] European Energy Exchange, www.eex.com - 42 - [ 3 2 ] European Commission, Community Research, External Costs: Research on socio - environmental damages due to electricity and transport , Brussels, 2003 [ 3 3 ] Resch,G., T. Faber, R. Haas, M. Ragwitz, A. Held, Fraunhofer, I. Konstantinaviciute, Potentials and cost for renewable electricity in Europe, Report (D4) of the IEEE project OPTRES: Assessment and optimisation of renewable support schemes in the European electricity market , February 2006. [34] Υπουργείο Ανάπτυξης , Περιβαλλοντολογικός Οδηγός Γεωθερμίας , Αθήνα, 2007 [35] Υπουργείο Ανάπτυξης, Περιβαλλοντολογικός Επιπτώσεις Βιομάζας , Αθήνα, 2007
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
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heal.publicationDate
2015-12-15
heal.abstract
This thesis is the last stage of a very interesting Postgraduate about Energy Systems of the International Hellenic University. Its purpose is the implementation of a very useful tool, the Cost-Benefit Analysis of the use of renewable energy. The issue of energy and finding credible, economic and sustainable energy sources is a point of debate in recent years throughout the world and particularly in Europe, which is the spearhead in issues relevant to energy management and environmental protection. In this direction, the European institutions have adopted a multitude of legislative provisions and directives, observing the negative trends that indicators have, such as CO2 emissions in the atmosphere, the stocks of conventional energy sources, etc. The greater penetration of renewable energy sources is a challenge of the time so as to reverse the negative climate in the sectors of energy and environment. It is however questionable whether the use of renewable energy sources is beneficial to society, both economically and socio-politically. The question will attempt to be answered in this thesis, making the necessary calculations. At this point, I would like to thank Mr. Zachariadis for the very significant contribution to the preparation of this thesis as well as for the guidance and encouragement during the whole period of the process. I would also like to thank all teachers and academic advisors of the University that in these two years of the Master inspirit, support and broaden my horizons and with their aim I manage to overcome all my difficulties and concerns that I had from the beginning of the course.
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heal.tableOfContents
Contents ABSTRACT ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... I CONTENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. III 1 INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 1 2 RENEWABLES POLICY ................................ ................................ ........................ 3 2.1 I NTERNATIONAL AND N ATIONAL P OLICY B ACKGROUND ................................ .... 3 2.2 E.U. T ARGETS ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 4 2.3 B EYOND 2 020 ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 4 2.3.1 2030 Targets ................................ ................................ ........................ 5 2.3.2 2050 Targets ................................ ................................ ........................ 5 2.4 G REECE O VERALL T ARGET ................................ ................................ ............... 6 3 REVIEW OF COST AND B ENEFIT ANALYSIS ................................ ................ 9 3.1 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS O VERVIEW ................................ ........................ 9 3.2 D ISCOUNTING AND D ECISION C RITERIA ................................ .......................... 12 3.2.1 The Net Present Value (N.P.V.) Criterion ................................ ..... 12 3.2.2 The Benefit - Cost Ratio (B.C.R.) Criterion ................................ ..... 13 3.2.3 The Internal Rate of Return (I.R.R.) Criterion ............................... 14 3.3 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR R ENEWABLES ................................ .......... 14 3.3.1 Methodology ................................ ................................ ....................... 14 3.3.2 Externalities ................................ ................................ ........................ 15 4 GREECE’S RENEWABLE E NERGY RESOURCES ................................ ...... 17 4.1 W IND P OWER ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 17 4.2 S OLAR P OWER ................................ ................................ ................................ . 19 4.3 H YDROELE CTRIC P OWER ................................ ................................ ................ 19 4.4 B IOMASS AND B IOGAS ................................ ................................ ..................... 20 4.5 G EOTHERMY ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 21 5 PREPARATION OF THE COST AND BENE FIT ANALYSIS ........................ 23 - iv - 5.1 2020 S CENARIO ................................ ................................ .............................. 23 5.2 E LECTRICITY S ALES P RICES ................................ ................................ ........... 25 5.3 C OSTS OF THE S OURCES OF R ENEWABLE E NERGY ................................ ...... 26 5.4 CO 2 E MISSIONS A VOIDANCE FROM E LECTRICITY G ENERATION BY R.E.S. .. 27 5.5 G REENHOUSE G AS E MISSIONS A LLOWANCES ................................ ............... 28 5.6 E XTERNALITIES OF THE R.E.S. AND OF L IGNITE ................................ ............ 29 5.7 L IFESPAN OF R.E.S. I NVESTMENTS ................................ ................................ 29 6 COST AND BENEFIT ANA LYSIS ................................ ................................ ..... 31 6.1 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR W IND ................................ ....................... 31 6.2 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR P HOTOVOLTAICS ................................ .... 32 6.3 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR C.S.P. ................................ .................... 32 6.4 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR H YDROELECTRIC ................................ .... 32 6.5 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR B IOMASS ................................ ................. 33 6.6 C OST AND B ENEFIT A NALYSIS FOR G EOTHERMY ................................ ........... 33 7 CONCLUSIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 35 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 39 APPENDIX ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 43
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heal.advisorName
Zachariadis, Theodoros
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heal.committeeMemberName
Martinopoulos, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dergiades, Theologos
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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