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dc.contributor.author
Lekka, Konstantina
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-07T08:11:07Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-08T01:00:14Z
dc.date.issued
2016-03-07
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/12464
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Mandatory
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dc.subject
Arbitration clause
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dc.subject
Consent
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dc.subject
New York Convention
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dc.title
"Is a mandatory binding arbitration clause in a prefixed contract consistent with the prerequisite of voluntarily agreement? Matters of validity and award's recognition and enforcement under the N.Y. Convention."
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
konstantina_lekka@yahoo.gr
heal.classification
International Commercial Arbitration
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Arbitration agreements, Commercial.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
International commercial arbitration.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Arbitration (International law)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Arbitration and award.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Conflict of laws--Arbitration and award.
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
Bibliography 1. ALDERMAN, Richard M , Pre - Dispute Mandatory Arbitration in Consumer Contracts: A Call for Reform, Journal of Texas Consumer Law, Vol . 5, 2002; U of Houston Law Center No. 2006 - A - 17, available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=923206 2. BÄRTSCH , Philippe, “Consent in Sports Arbitration: Which Lessons for Arbitrations Based on Clau ses in Bylaws of Corporations, Associations etc.?. In the Sports Arbitration: A Coach for Other Players – ASA Special Series No. 41, Geisinger, Elliott, Trabaldo – de Mestral, Elena (editors), Ju risNet, LLC, USA, http s://books.google.gr 3. van de BERG, Alber Jan, The New York Convention of 1958: An overview, http://www.arbitration - icca.org (2016) 4. BERMANN, George A., The Enforceability of the Arbitration Agreement: Who Dec ides and Under Whose Law? In the Contemporary issues in international arbitration and mediation: The Fordham papers 2010, ROVINE, Arthur W. (editor) , Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden; Boston (2011) 5. BORN, Gary B., Chapter 2: International Arbitration Agr eements: Legal Framework in Gary B. Born , Law and Practice, Volume (© Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2012), pp. 43 - 67 6. BORN , Gary B, Chapter 2: Legal Framework for International Arbitration Agreements i n Gary B. Born , International Comme rcial Arbitration (Second Edition) , 2nd edition (© Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2014) pp. 229 – 348 7. BORN, Gary B., Chapter 3: International Arbitration Agreements and Separability Presumption in Gary B. Born, International Commercial Arbitration (Second Edition), 2nd edition (© Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2014) pp. 349 – 471 8. BORN, Gary B., Chapter 4: Choice of Law Governing International Arbitration Agreements in Gary B. Born, International Commercial Arbitration (Second Edition) , 2nd edition (© Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2014) pp. 472 - 635 9. BORN, Gary B., Chapter 5: Formation, Validity and Legality of International Arbitration Agreements in Gary B. Born, International Commercial Arbitratio n (Second Edition) , 2nd edition (©Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2014) pp. 636 – 942 10. CAIVANO, R., The Arbitration Agreement, in DISPUTE SETTLEMENT - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION, United Nation Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD), UNITED NATIONS, Ney York and Geneva (2005), www.unctad.org 11. DEMAINE, Linda J. & HENSLER, Deborah R., “Volunteering” to Arbitrate Through Predispute Arbitration Clauses: The Average Consumer’s Experience , 67 La w and Contemporary Problems 55 - 74 (Winter 2004) , a vailable at: http://scholarship.law.duke.edu/lcp/vol67/iss1/3 12. DUVAL, Antoine, The Pechstein Ruling of the OLG München (English Translation) ( February 6, 2015). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2561297 13. EISENBERG , Theodore; MILLER , Geoffrey P.; and SHERWIN , Emily, "Arbitration's Summer Soldiers: An Empirical Study of Arbitra tion Clauses in Consumer and Nonconsumer Contracts " (2008), Cornell Law Faculty Publications, Paper 106, available at http://scholarship.law.cornell.edu/lsrp_papers/106 - 24 - 14. FABRE - MAGNAN , Muriel , Defects of Consent at in Contract Law, in Hartkamp/Hesselink/Hondius, Towards a European Contract Code , 2. Ed., The Hague 1998, at 219 et seq. http://www.trans - lex.org/131800 15. GAILLARD, E mmanuel, Prima Faci e Review of Existence, Validity of Arbitration Agreement, INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION LAW, NEW YORK JOURNAL , 1/12/2005, 16. HARRIS, Troy L., The “Public Policy” Exception to Enforcement of International Arbitration Awards Under the New York Convention With Parti cular Reference to Construction Disputes , Journal of International Arbitration, 24(1): 9 – 24, 2007(© 2007 Kluwer Law International ) . Printed in The Netherlands. 17. HOUTTE, Vera Van, Consent to arbitration through agreement to printed contracts: the continental experience, Arbitration International, 2000, vol. 16(1), p.p. 1 - 18, http://kczx.shupl.edu.cn (2016) . 18. ICCA’S GUIDE TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 1958 NEW YORK CONVENTION, A HANDBOOK FOR JUDGES, INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION (2011) , available at http://www.arbitration - icca.org 19. KAISER, Christopher M., Take It or Leave it: Monsanto v. McFarling, Bower v. Baystate Technologies, and the Federal Circuit’s F ormalistic Approach to Contracts of Adhesion, 80 Chicago - Kent Law Review, 487 (2005), available at http://scholarship.kentlaw.iit.edu/cklawreview/vol80/iss1/19 20. MENKEL - MEADOW, Car rie, Ethics Issues in Arbitration and Related Dispute Resolution Processes: What's Happening and What's Not , 56 U niversity of Miami L aw Rev iew 949 (2002) , a vailable at: http://repository.law.miami.edu/umlr/vol56/iss4/7 21. MEREDITH, Ian, Drafting an effective international arbitration agreement , Dispute Resolution 2008/09 Volume 2: Arbitration , PLC Cross - border Dispute Resolution Handbook 2008/09 Volume 2: Arbitration Handbook, http://www.klgates.com/files /Publication (2016) . 22. NELSON, William Alan II, Take It or Leave It: Unconscionability of Mandatory Pre - Dispute Arbitration Agreements in the Securities Industry , 17 J. Bus. L. 573 (2015), Available at: http://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/jbl/vol17/iss2/59 . 23. OTTO, Dirk and ELWAN, Article V(2) in Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards: A Global Commentary on the New York Convention , Herbert Kronke , Patricia Nacimiento , et al. ( eds) (©Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2010) pp. 345 – 414 24. POUDRET, Jean - François, BESSON, Sébastien, Comparative Law of International Arbitration, Sweet & Maxwell, 2007, p.p.1 - 3, https://books.goog le.gr 25. REQUEJO, Marta, Claudia Pechstein and SV Wilhelmshaven: Two German Higher Regional Courts Challenge the Court of Arbitration for Sport , CONFLICT OF LAWS.net, News and Views in Private International Law , (February, 2015), http://conflictoflaws.net 26. SCHRAMM, Dorothée, GEISINGER,Elliott and PINSOLLE, Philippe, Article II in Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards: A Global Commentary on the New York Convention , Herbert Kronke , Patricia Nacimiento , et al. (eds), (©Kluwer Law International; Kluwer Law International 2010) pp. 37 - 114 27. SHEPPARD , Audley , (rapporteur), INTERIM REPORT ON PUBLIC POLICY AS A BAR TO ENFORCEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ARBITRAL AWARDS, INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION, LONDON CONFERE NCE (2000), COMMITTEE ON INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION, http://www.ila - hq.org - 25 - 28. SKLENYTE, Aiste, International Arbitration: the Doctrine of Separability and Competence - Competence Principle, The Aarhus School of B usiness, The Department of Law (2003), available at https://www.yumpu.com 29. STEINGRUBER, Andrea M., Consent in International Arbitration , Oxford University Press , Oxford (2012) 30. STERNLIGHT, Jean R., "Panacea or Corporate Tool? Debunking the Supreme Court’s Preference for Binding Arbitration, Scholarly Works, (1996), Paper 265, p. 40, http://scholars.law.unlv.edu/facpub/265 31. STERNLIGHT , Jean R., "Creeping Mandatory Arb itration: Is It Just?" (2005), Scholarly Works, Paper 280, http://scholars.law.unlv.edu/facpub/280 32. STIPANOWICH, Thomas J., Revelation and Reaction: The Struggle to Shape American Arbitration, in CONTE MPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION AND MEDIATION: THE FORDHAM PAPERS 2010 (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers) 33. STRONG, S. I., Enforcing Class Arbitration in the International Sphere: Due Process and Public Policy Concerns , 30 J. Int'l L. 1 (2014), Availa ble at: http://scholarship.law.upenn.edu/jil/vol30/iss1/1 (2016)
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heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law
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heal.publicationDate
2016-03-03
heal.bibliographicCitation
Konstantina Lekka, "Is a mandatory binding arbitration clause in a prefixed contract consistent with the prerequisite of voluntarily agreement? Matters of validity and award's recognition and enforcement under the N.Y. Convention", School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, International Hellenic University, 2016
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heal.abstract
The cornerstone of international arbitration is its consensual nature. Arbitration is chosen willingly by the contracting parties by concluding an agreement to arbitrate. At least this was the case until very recently. International commercial relationships have evolved and along with them the way that agreements are conducted, including arbitration agreements. New practices in the international commercial level with prefixed contracts are considered more efficient, speedy and low costly but at the same time they may jeopardize the consensual nature of arbitration when mandatory pre disputes arbitration agreements are included in these contracts and the latter are offered on a “take it or leave it” basis. The present work, after considering the above, shortly refers to arbitration agreement and the validity requirements, looks at some common practices in international commerce where standard contracts are used and where arbitration clause is often included and sets the question whether there is actually consent to such an arbitration clause and how the principles of separability and competence-competence affect arbitrators and courts when jurisdiction is challenged on the ground of lack of consent. A special reference is done to the provisions of the New York Convention (1958) that could offer a ground on which a party could or could not challenge the arbitration agreement’s validity due to lack of consent. At the end it results that it would be probably superficial to ask for the absolute invalidity of any arbitration clause in any prefixed contract, except in some areas, and that the final scrutiny of such an agreement will always be in a judge’s hands.
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heal.tableOfContents
Contents ABSTRACT III PREFACE I CONTENTS III I. INTRODUCTION 1 II. THE “CONSENT” IN INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION 1 A. AGREEMENT TO ARBITRATE 1 B. “CONSENT”: THE CORNERSTONE OF ARBITRATION 3 III. ARBITRATION CLAUSES IN CONTEMPORARY COMMERCIAL PRACTICES 7 A. THE MANDATORY ARBITRATION CLAUSE IN VARIOUS FORM CONTRACTS 8 1. Consumer contracts 8 2. E-business 9 3. Securities and insurance 9 4. Sports industry 9 B. IS THERE ACTUALLY CONSENT IN A PREFIXED ARBITRATION CLAUSE? 10 IV. THE MANDATORY ARBITRATION CLAUSE UNDER THE NEW YORK CONVENTION 15 A. ARTICLE II OF THE NEW YORK CONVENTION – ARBITRATION AGREEMENT 15 B. THE LUCK OF THE ARBITRATION AWARD IN CASE OF LACK OF THE CONSENT 17 IV. CONCLUSIONS 21 BIBLIOGRAPHY 23 APPENDIX 1
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heal.advisorName
Dr. Otto, Dirk
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heal.committeeMemberName
Pr. Dr. Kaissis, Athanassios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Otto, Dirk
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Komnios, Komninos
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
35
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