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dc.contributor.author
Boutsivari, Elena
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-08T15:20:02Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-09T01:00:14Z
dc.date.issued
2016-03-08
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/12466
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Energy
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dc.subject
Efficiency
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dc.subject
Lighting
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dc.subject
Daylighting
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dc.subject
Indoor
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dc.subject
Conditions
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dc.title
Indoor Environmental Quality in Commercial Buildings and the role of Lighting
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.generalDescription
This dissertation examines the role of lighting in commercial buildings, by investigating the impact of natural and artificial lighting on the indoor environmental quality. The relationship between daylighting potential and energy savings in the commercial sector is explored, since commercial buildings are big lighting energy consumers and the exploitation of natural lighting could contribute to energy use efficiency.
en
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Interior lighting.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable engineering.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Buildings--Environmental engineering
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable buildings--Design and construction.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable architecture.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Building services.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy saving
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Lighting--Energy conservation
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Lighting--Quality control
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Lighting--Standards
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Architecture and energy conservation.
heal.language
en
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heal.access
free
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heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
Albu, HC. Halonen, L. Tetri, E. Pop, F. & Beu, D. (2013) Luminous and power quality analysis of office building light sources. Lighting Research & Technology. 45 (740- 751). Andersen, M. (2015) Unweaving the human response in daylighting design. Building and Environment. 91 (101-117). Bellia, L. Pedace, A. & Barbato, G. (2013) Lighting in educational environments: An example of a complete analysis of the effects of daylight and electric light on occupants. Building and Environment. 68 (50-65). Bellia, L. Pedace, A. & Barbato, G. (2014) Daylighting offices: A first step toward an analysis of photobiological effects for design practice purposes. Building and Environment. 74 (54-64). Bickford, J. (2008) Designing for Energy Efficiency. Architectural Lighting. 22 (59-60). Carter, D.J. (1983) Synthesis of Artificial Lighting to Satisfy Multiple Design Criteria. Building and Environment. 18 (129-134). Cantin, F. & Dubois, M-C (2011) Daylighting metrics based on illuminance, distribution, glare and directivity. Lighting Research & Technology. 43 (291-307). Coley, D.A. & Crabb, J.A. (1997) An Artificial Intelligence Approach to the Prediction of Natural Lighting Levels. Building and Environment. 32 (81-85). -92- Galasiu, A.D. Atif, M.R. (2002) Applicability of daylighting computer modeling in real case studies: comparison between measured and simulated daylight availability and lighting consumption. Building and Environment. 37 (363-377). Gao, Y. Lin, Y. & Sun, Y. (2013) A wireless sensor network based on the novel concept of an I-matrix to achieve high-precision lighting control. Building and Environment. 70 (223-231). Correia da Silva, P. Leal V. & Andersen, M. (2013) Occupants interaction with electric lighting and shading systems in real single-occupied offices: Results from a monitoring campaign. Building and Environment. 64 (152-168). Efthymiatos, D. (1980) The Influence of the Room Parameters on the Utilance of a Lighting Installation. Building and Environment. 15 (283-285). Garreton, J.A. Rodriguez, R.G. Ruiz, A. Pattini, A.E. (2015) Degree of eye opening: A new discomfort glare indicator. Building and Environment. 88 (142-150). Ghisi, E. & Tinker, J.A. (2005) An Ideal Window Area concept for energy efficient integration of daylight and artificial light in buildings. Building and Environment. 40 (51-61). Ginley, D.S. & Cahen, D. (ed.) (2012) Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Glaser, D.C. Feng, O. Voung, J. Xiao, L. (2004) Towards an algebra for lighting simulation. Building and Environment. 39 (895-903). Heydarian, A. Carneiro, J.P. Gerber, D. Becerik-Gerber, B. (2015) Immersive virtual environments, understanding the impact of design features and occupant choice upon lighting for building performance. Building and Environment. 89 (217-228). -93- Hunt, D.R.G. (1979) The Use of Artificial Lighting in Relation to Daylight Levels and Occupancy. Building and Environment. 14 (21-33). Ihm, P. Nemri, A. & Krarti, M. (2009) Estimation of lighting energy savings from daylighting. Building and Environment. 44 (509-514). Kim, S.Y. & Kim, J.J. (2007) Influence of light fluctuation on occupant visual perception. Building and Environment. 42 (2888-2899). De Korte, E.M. Spiekman, M. Hoes-van Oeffelen, L. Van der Zande, B. Vissenberg, G. Huiskes, G. & Kuijt-Evers, L.F.M. (2015) Personal environmental control: Effect of pre-set conditions for heating and lighting on personal settings, task performance and comfort experience. Building and Environment. 86 (166-176). Krarti, M. Erickson, P.M. & Hillman, T.C. (2005) A simplified method to estimate energy savings of artificial lighting use from daylighting. Building and Environment. 40 (747-754). Leephakpreeda, T. (2005) Adaptive Occupancy-based Lighting Control via Grey Prediction. Building and Environment. 40 (881-886). Leslie, R.P. (2003) Capturing the daylight dividend in buildings: why and how? Building and Environment. 38 (381-385). Li, D.H.W. & Tsang, E.K.W. (2005) An analysis of measured and simulated daylight illuminance and lighting savings in a daylit corridor. Building and Environment. 40 (973-982). -94- Lim, Y.W. Kandar, M.Z. Ahmad, M.H. Ossen, D.R. Abdullah, A.M. (2012) Building façade design for daylighting quality in typical government office building. Building and Environment. 57 (194-204). Linhart, F. & Scartezzini, J.L. (2011) Evening office lighting – visual comfort vs. energy efficiency vs. performance? Building and Environment. 46 (981-989). Littlefair, P.J. (1990) Predicting Annual Lighting use in Daylit Buildings. Building and Environment. 25 (43-53). Loe, DL. (2003) Quantifying lighting energy efficiency: a discussion document. Lighting Research & Technology. 35 (319-329). Loe, DL. (2009) Energy efficiency in lighting – considerations and possibilities. Lighting Research & Technology. 41 (209-218). Loeffler, M. (2007) Toward a Sustainable Lighting Profession. Architectural Lighting. 21 (47-50). Mardaljevic, J. Heschong, L & Lee, E. (2009) Daylight metrics and energy savings. Lighting Research & Technology. 41 (261-283). Mayhoub, M.S. & Carter, D.J. (2011) The costs and benefits of using daylight guidance to office buildings. Building and Environment. 46 (698-710). Moffat, S. (2006) Seeing Green: Sustainability Goes Mainstream. Architectural Lighting. 20 (19-21). Nagy, Z. Yong, F.Y. Frei, M. & Schlueter, A. (2015) Occupant centered lighting control for comfort and energy efficient building operation. Energy and Buildings. 94 (100- 108). -95- Oh, S.J. Chun, W. Riffat, S.B. Jeon, Y.I. Dutton, S. Han, H.J (2013) Computational analysis on the enhancement of daylight penetration into dimly lit spaces: Light tube vs. fiber optic dish concentrator. Building and Environment. 59 (261-274). Onaygil, S. & Guler, O. (2003) Determination of the energy saving by daylight responsive lighting control systems with an example from Istanbul. Building and Environment. 38 (973-977). Pisello, A.L. Castaldo, V.L. Taylor, J.E. & Cotana, F. (2014) Expanding Inter-Building Effect modeling to examine primary energy for lighting. Energy and Buildings. 76 (513-523). Reinhart, CF & LoVerso, VRM (2010) A rules of thumb-based design sequence for diffuse daylight. Lighting Research & Technology. 42 (7-31). Richards, M. & Carter, D. (2009) Good lighting with less energy: Where next?. Lighting Research & Technology. 41 (285-286). Sanati, L. & Utzinger, M. (2013) The effect of window shading design on occupant use of blinds and electric lighting. Building and Environment. 64 (67-76). Sansoni, P. Francini, F. Fontani, D. Mercatelli, L. & Jafrancesco, D. (2008) Indoor illumination by solar light collectors. Lighting Research & Technology. 40 (323-332). Seo, D. Ihm, P. & Krarti, M. (2011) Development of an optimal daylighting controller. Building and Environment. 46 (1011-1022). Shen, E. Hu, J. & Patel, M. (2014) Energy and visual comfort analysis of lighting and daylight control strategies. Building and Environment. 78 (155-170). -96- Tashiro, T. Kawanobe, S. Kimura-Minoda, T. Kohko, S. Ishikawa, T. & Ayama, M. (2015) Discomfort glare for white LED light sources with different spatial arrangements. Lighting Research & Technology. 47 (316-337). Vrabel, P. (2003) Quality & efficiency can coexist. Architectural Lighting. 18 (1). Xiao, H. Kang, Q. Zhao, J. Xiao, Y. (2010) A dynamic sky recognition method for use in energy efficient lighting design based on CIE standard general skies. Building and Environment. 45 (1319-1328). Zhu, D. & Humphreys, C.J. (2012) Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (474-8).
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
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heal.publicationDate
2016-03-08
heal.bibliographicCitation
Elena Boutsivari, Indoor Environmental Quality in Commercial Buildings and the role of Lighting, School of Science and Technology, International Hellenic University, 2015.
en
heal.abstract
This dissertation examines the role of lighting in commercial buildings, by investigating the impact of natural and artificial lighting on the indoor environmental quality. The relationship between daylighting potential and energy savings in the commercial sector is explored, since commercial buildings are big lighting energy consumers and the exploitation of natural lighting could contribute to energy use efficiency. Previous studies have shown that daylighting systems reduce remarkably the energy use, while the combination of systems has even more beneficial effects. This study has two goals: 1) to present prior researches’ results and existing technologies linked to energy savings due to daylight exploitation and 2) to suggest different shadings’ design proposals for an existing office space and evaluate the energy loads and indoor conditions. The broad research in literature concerning experimental approaches, case studies and grounded theory formed the base for the research strategy. A thorough assessment of the indoor environmental quality conditions in an existing office space has been conducted, including measurements and simulation. Having employed modeling and simulation software, two shadings’ configurations were tested to illustrate the various effects on energy use. The findings from the research showed that even with quite easy to apply methods, it is feasible to achieve energy use reduction and better comfort conditions. The results address a controversial belief among practitioners that horizontal louvers are the optimum solution for southern façades. Single lightshelf integration with the curtain wall could offer higher energy savings. The findings of the study are dependable on the space’s characteristics and the electric lighting’s equipment. A re-thinking of the role of lighting in commercial buildings is prompted, offering insights into existing building stock’s refurbishment, including the configuration of shadings that aim at the reduction of energy loads. It has been learnt that the assessment of indoor environmental quality is influenced by multiple factors and the control of only optical comfort, even though it could minimize the lighting energy consumption, it could simultaneously burden the rest of the comfort conditions.
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heal.tableOfContents
ABSTRACT..................................................................................................................III LIST OF FIGURES......................................................................................................IV CONTENTS.................................................................................................................VII 1 INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................1 1.1 DISSERTATION PURPOSE & AIMS..........................................................................1 1.2 INNOVATION & THESIS STRUCTURE......................................................................1 2 LITERATURE REVIEW........................................................................................5 2.1 SPECIFICATION OF THE SUBJECT............................................................................5 2.2 REVIEW...............................................................................................................5 2.3 REMARKS...........................................................................................................36 3 EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION IN LIGHTING...................................39 3.1 LIGHTING ENERGY CONSUMPTION......................................................................39 3.2 GOALS TOWARDS EFFICIENT LIGHTING...............................................................40 4 NATURAL & ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING............................................................43 4.1 DAYLIGHTING SYSTEMS.....................................................................................43 4.2 CONTROL STRATEGIES........................................................................................48 4.3 THE RANGE OF LIGHTING OPTIONS.....................................................................52 4.4 LIGHTING DESIGN & SPACE PARAMETERS..........................................................53 5 CASE STUDY.........................................................................................................57 5.1 DESCRIPTION OF THE EXAMINED BUILDING.........................................................57 5.2 MEASUREMENTS................................................................................................58 5.21 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION AND POSITIONING.............................................59 5.22 MEASUREMENT RESULTS.........................................................................62 5.23 MEASUREMENT CONCLUSIONS.................................................................67 5.3 SIMULATION STUDY...........................................................................................68 -vi5.31 SETTINGS................................................................................................68 5.32 COMFORT AND THERMAL CONDITIONS.....................................................69 5.33 NATURAL AND ELECTRIC LIGHTING LEVELS.............................................72 5.34 DESIGN PROPOSAL...................................................................................75 5.35 PROPOSED DESIGN “CASE 01”.................................................................76 5.36 PROPOSED DESIGN “CASE 02”.................................................................81 6 DISCUSSION OF THE RESULTS.......................................................................87 6.1 GENERAL REMARKS...........................................................................................87 6.2 ARGUMENTS......................................................................................................88 6.3 RESULTS, COMPARISON AND FINDINGS...............................................................90 7 CONCLUSIONS.....................................................................................................93 BIBLIOGRAPHY.........................................................................................................96 APPENDIX 1...............................................................................................................103 APPENDIX 2A............................................................................................................109 APPENDIX 2B............................................................................................................111 APPENDIX 2C............................................................................................................114
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heal.advisorName
Papadopoulos, Agis Prof.
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heal.committeeMemberName
Anastaselos, Dimitrios Dr.
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heal.committeeMemberName
Martinopoulos, Georgios Dr.
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
117
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