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dc.contributor.author
Mitalidou, Chrisoula
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-10T07:39:20Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-11T01:00:20Z
dc.date.issued
2016-03-10
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/12468
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Energy efficiency in historic buildings
en
heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
c.mitalidou@ihu.edu.gr
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Historic buildings--Conservation and restoration
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy conservation.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy saving
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Architecture and energy conservation.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable construction.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable development.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Urban ecology (Sociology)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Environmental protection.
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
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heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
A.M. Papadopoulos, A. A. (2008). Low energy cooling of the White Tower, functioning as a contemporary m useum. At Energy and Buildings , ( bk. 40, pg. 1377 - 1386). Anna Laura Pisello, A. P. (2014). Energy refurbishment of historical buildings with public function: pilot case study. At Energy Procedia ( bk. 61, pg. 660 - 663). Cristina S. Polo Lópeza, ,. F. (2014). Energy efficiency and renewable solar energy integration in heritage historic buildings . At Energy Procedia ( bk. 48, pg. 1493 - 1502). Daniele Milone, G. P. (2015). Are the Best Available Technologies the only viable for energy interventions in historical b uildings ? At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 95, pg. 39 - 46). Energy news. (2013, September). Ahicarrier (2). Energy service, M. o. (September 2010). Guide of Thermal Insulation in Buildings. Cyprus: 2nd Publication. Esteban Vieitesa, I. V. (2015). European initia tives towards improv - ing the energy efficiency in existing and historic buildings . At Energy Procedia ( bk. 75, pg. 1679 – 1685). Europe, C. o. (October 3, 1985.). Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe. Granada . Filippi, M. (2015). Remarks on the green retrofitting of historic buildings in Italy . At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 95, pg. 15 - 22). Francis Moran, T. B. (2014). The use of Passive House Planning Package to reduce energy use and CO2 emissions in historic dwellings . At E nergy and Buildings ( bk. 75, pg. 216 - 227). Giovanna Franco, A. M. (2015). Towards a systematic approach for energy refurbishment of historical buildings. The case study of Albergo dei Poveri in Genoa, Italy . At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 95, pg. 153 - 159). K ristaps Kass, A. B. (2015). Energy performance of historical brick buildings in Northern Climate zone. At Energy Procedia ( bk. 77, pg. 238 - 244). - 52 - Ljiljana Ðukanovic, A. R. (2015). Potentials and limitations for energy refurbishment of multi - family residenti al buildings built in Belgrade before the World War One . Στο Energy and buildings . Lorenza Bianco, V. S. (2015). Thermal insulating plaster as a solution for refurbishing historic building envelopes: First experimental results. At Energy and Buildings ( bk . 95, pg. 86 - 91). Mari Oline Giske Stendebakkena, E. R. (2015). Procedia Economics and Finance. Mazzarella, L. (2015). Energy retrofit of historic and existing buildings. The legislative and regulatory point of view. At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 95, pg. 23 - 31). Milja Penića, G. S. (2015). Revitalization of Historic Buildings as an Approach to Preserve Cultural and Historical Heritage . At Procedia Engineering ( bk. 117, pg. 883 – 890). Miltos Mavromatis, M. o. (1996). Ladadika” from dereliction to rescue. Thessalon iki. Moran. (2012). Developing a database of energy use for historic dwellings in Bath. At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 55, pg. 212 - 226). UK. Ogley, P. (2010). Insulating roofs at ceiling level. English Heritage. Paola Boarina, D. G. (2014). Sustainability as sessment of historic buildings: lesson learnt from an Italian case study through LEED® rating system. At Energy Procedia ( bk. 61, pg. 1029 - 1032). Parliament, E. ( L 1/65,2003 04.1). Directive 2002/91/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings. Official Journal of the European Union. Parliament, E. (L 153/13, 18.6.2010.). Directive 2010/31/EU of The European Parliament an d of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast). Official Journal of the European Union. Republic, G. G. (19 May 2008). Measures to reduce energy consumption buildings and other provisions, First issue no. Sheet 89, Laws no. 3661. Technical chamber of Greece, s. o. (1996). Listed Buildings and Elements of Human Induced Environment - Traditional Settlements and Housing Total s - Historic Centers and Cities . Thessaloniki: Con clusion Working Group TCG / SCM . - 53 - Üllar Alev, L. E. (201 4). Renovation alternatives to improve energy performance of historic rural houses in the Baltic Sea region . At Energy and Buildings ( bk. 77, pg. 59 - 66). UNESCO. (November 16, 1972). Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural he ritage, in: Adopted by the General Conference at its Seventeenth Session. Paris. William Dupont, H. R. - A. (September 2013). Energy retrofits for Historic Homes in Hot - Humid Climates. Center for Cultural Sustainability UTSA College of Architecture.
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
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heal.publicationDate
2016-03-09
heal.abstract
Are the historic buildings energy efficient? The logical assumption and answer is that they are not, due to their age and the old construction. But could these buildings be energy profitable?This is a challenge and lately a growing attention has been paid to the improvement of the energy performance. Although energy proposals are desirable, they are not possible without adjustments. The need to develop energy efficiency and sustainability in a cultural heritage building is presented in this dissertation. The aim is to display the particularity of these constructions and find ways which would enhance their energy performance but simultaneously do not change their appearance. A pilot case study of a historic building in the area of Ladadika, Thessaloniki, Greece is presented and analyzed in order to find remarkable results and opportunity for further developments. I would like to acknowledge my supervisor Prof. Dimitrios Anastaselos for his whole-hearted and effective support. He was there whenever I had to deal with a difficulty or a problem through my research. In addition, I would like to thank my friend Aris Kondilidis for his help in the case study. He gave me necessary information for the building and helped me with the floor plan. And finally, needless to say, I am deeply indebted to my parents, for their persistent support, as always.
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heal.tableOfContents
- v - Contents ABSTRACT ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. III 1 INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 1 2 LITERATURE R EVIEW: HISTORIC BUIL DINGS IN EU COUNTRIE S AND REFURBISHMENT METHOD S ................................ ................................ ................... 3 2.1 E NERGY EFFICIENCY THR OUGH EXAMPLES : C ASE S TUDIES ............................. 4 2.2 M AJOR INTERVENTIONS I N HISTORIC BUILDINGS ................................ ............... 5 2.3 P ENETRATION OF RES IN THE ENERGY EFFICI ENCY OF HISTORIC BUI LDINGS . 13 2.4 CO 2 R EDUCTION IN HISTORIC BUILDINGS ................................ ........................ 17 2.5 I NTERVENTIONS IN H ISTORIC BUILDING IN G REECE ................................ ........ 19 3 REGULATORY POINT OF VIEW IN EUROPE AND G REECE .................... 21 3.1 W HAT INCLUDE THE E NERGY EFFICIENCY REG ULATIONS ? ............................. 21 3.2 L EGISLATION IN G REECE RESPECTING HIS TORIC BUILDINGS .......................... 22 3.3 H ISTORICAL INFORMATIO N ................................ ................................ ............... 22 3.4 D ISCRIMINATION BETWEE N HISTORIC - HISTORICAL - CONTEMPORARY BUILDIN GS 23 4 REFURBISHMENT TECHNI QUES OF LISTED BUILD INGS ....................... 24 4.1 M ETHODS OF INTERVENTI ONS ................................ ................................ ......... 26 4.2 RES AS A N IMPORTANT METHOD O F RESTORATION ................................ ........ 27 5 CASE STUDY: THE PROJ ECT OF A LISTED BUIL DING IN LADADIKA, THESSALONIKI ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 28 5.1 L ADADIKA : A LANDMARK AREA OF T HESSALONIKI , G REECE ........................... 28 5.1.1 The plan of action ................................ ................................ .............. 30 5.1.2 The legislative protection framework ................................ ............. 32 5.2 D ESCRIPTION OF THE EXAMINED BUILDING ................................ ..................... 33 5.3 P ROPOSED INTERVENTION S ................................ ................................ ............ 37 5. 3.1 Insulation of the walls and the roof ................................ ................. 37 5.3.2 Double glazed windows ................................ ................................ ... 39 5.3.3 HVAC systems and Lighting ................................ ............................ 39 - vi - 5.3.4 Used software ................................ ................................ ................... 40 5.4 R ESULTS ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 41 5.4.1 Results of the energy performance befo re the interventions ..... 41 5.4.2 Results after the proposed measures ................................ ........... 44 6 DISCUSSION AND CONCL USIONS ................................ ................................ . 46 7 REFERENCES ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 51 PICTURES Picture 1: Passive and active used technology for the restoration of Palazzo Gallenga Stuart. ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 6 Picture 2: Annual primary energy need for heating and cooling of “Palazzo Gallenga” (a) before the energy restoration and (b) after the energy restoration. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 7 Picture 3: The houses chosen for restoration in Belgrade. ................................ .... 12 Picture 4: Example of the charts developed during project implementation, first step: Cognitive Analysis, s econd step: Energy balance analysis chart for setting the current situation of the building. ................................ ................................ ........... 14 Picture 5: Example for solar energy solutions in the case studies which examined. ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 15 Picture 6: Energy saving after the refurbishment. ................................ ................... 16 Picture 7: The examined buildings ................................ ................................ ............. 18 Picture 8: Ladadika region during the Turkish occupation. ................................ .... 29 Picture 9: Inveteracy of the buildings. With light purple are those built before 1917 and dark purple those after 19 50 ................................ ................................ ..... 30 Picture 10: The situation of the buildings before the intervention. With purple are the buildings found in good condition and with orange those in moderate to good condition. The white b uildings found in bad condition. ................................ . 31 Picture 11 : The examined building in Ladadika, Pindou 9 Street. ........................ 33 Picture 12: The incision of the examined building . ................................ .................. 34 - vii - Picture 13: Plan of the 1 st floor (left) and the 2 nd floor (right) of the building in Ladadika. ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 34 Picture 14: The internal space of the building and the existing elements. .......... 36 Picture 15: The wall without insulation and on the right t he wall with an insulation material. ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 38 Picture 16: The 2 techniques of roof insulation. (Ogley, 2010) ............................. 38 Picture 17: A double g lazed window. ................................ ................................ ........ 39 Picture 18: Proposal of ratings of buildings for different classifications. (Greece). ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 41 TABLES Table 1: The energy class of the building and the primary energy consumption of the existing situation. ................................ ................................ ............................... 43 Table 2: CO 2 emissions and fuel consumption at the existing situation. ............ 43 Table 3 : Energy demand of the existing building . ................................ ................... 43 Table 4: The energy class of the building and the primary energy consumption after the interventions. ................................ ................................ ................................ . 44 Table 5: CO 2 emissions and fuel consumption after the interventions. ............... 45 Table 6: Energy Demand after the interventions . ................................ ................... 45 GRAPHS Graph 1: Primary energy consumption before and after the interventions. ........ 47 Graph 2: Comparison of the energy Demand before and after the interventions. ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 48 Graph 3: CO2 emissions before and after the interventions . ................................ 49 Graph 4: The operating cost before and after the interventions. .......................... 50
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heal.advisorName
Anastaselos, Dimitrios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Meier
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heal.committeeMemberName
Papadopoulos, Agis
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
61
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