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dc.contributor.author
Frantziou, Evangelia
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-30T09:56:31Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-31T00:00:14Z
dc.date.issued
2016-03-30
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14459
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS IN BUILDING DESIGN
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable buildings.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Architecture and energy conservation.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy conservation
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable buildings.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable construction.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable buildings--Design and construction.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy consumption--Climatic factors.
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
1] Appendix G of Approved Document L (Dept of the Environment and Welsh Office, 1995 edition). [2] Diana Schumacher, Energy : Crisis or Opportunity? [3] Donald R. Wulfinghoff, The Modern History of Energy Conservation: An Overview for Professionals Information. [4] Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) EM - 4195, Energy Management Systems for Commercial Buildings [5] Energy Policy – a Consultative D ocument, Cmnd 7101, HMSO, London, February 1978, pp. 20,21. [6]George Baird, Michael R. Donn, Frank Pool William D.S.Brander, Chan Seong Aun, Energy Performance of Buildings. Boca Raton CRC Press c1984 (p. 25 - 51) [7]Kjeld Johnsen, Energy Conservation in the Built Environment; Session 1 – Experiences with Energy saving measure in Existing Buildings. [8]Kjeld Johnsen, Energy Conservation in the Built Environment; Session 4 – Design for Low Energy Consumption. [9]McVeigh J C, Sun Power, An introduction to the application of solar energy, Pergamon press, 1977 [10]National Renewable Energy Laboratory, http://www.nrel.gov [11]The Building Regulations: Explained and Illustrated (Blackwell Science 1995) [11]Handbook of Energy Audit, Albert Thumann, 1998 [12] " Energy Saving Technologies in Buildings", Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES). [13] Official Gazette of the Greek Republic - Second Issue / Number. Sheet 407, April 9, 2010. [14] “ Solar thermal engineering, space heating and hot water systems”, P. J. Lunde, John Wiley & Sons, 1980. - 102 - [15]Circular, TOPIC: "Implementation of the Energy Performance of Buildings Regulations (KENAK) "Ministry of Environment Energy and Climate Change Special Environmental Audit Secretariat and Energy, Special Secretariat energy inspectors, Athens October 4, 2010. [16] “Solar engineering of thermal prosesses” J. Duffie, W. Beckman , John & Sons 1991. [17] Law 3661, Measures to reduce energy consumption of buildings. Draft Regulation on energy efficiency in buildings, KENAK. [18] Guide Eligible Actions / Actions and submissions by Axis Priority Programme "saved." [19] Energy saving guide through insulation, Centre for Renewable Energy Energy Sources (CRES) www.cres.gr . [20] World Energy Council http://www.worldenergy.org . [21] "Wind power for home and business" P.Gipe.Chelsea Green Publishing Company, 1993. [22] "Windmill" C. Bergeles. Publications Simeon. [23] "The energy and the sources of What, How, Why" Th. Kalkanis, CRES, 1997 .. [24] "Geothermal Energeia.Dynatotites development of geothermal applications" C. Kanavakis, CRES, 1995. [25] Green building Improved Energy Efficiency for Non - Residential Buildings, European Commissio n ́ s Joint Research Centre. www.eu - greenbuilding.org. [26] Stathis Tselepis, 'Photovoltaics in buildings', Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES)
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
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heal.publicationDate
2015-12-10
heal.abstract
High energy consumption of the energy sector gi ves the motivation to take efforts in the field of energy saving at International and European level. Energy saving especially in the South Europe countries needs energy because of the high solar radiation. In terms of the legislative sector, the most important role for the reduction and the energy saving plays the Directive 2010/31/EC which set the targets for the net zero energy buildings construction in combination with many environmental benefits. This dissertation carried out research into energy i mprovements in a b uilding by using innovative and old techniqu es so as to improve its envelope. Specifically we have studied the energy situation in a kindergarten in the prefecture of Larissa , which is part of the C climate zone. In this building we have done the energy audit that is defined from KENAK and technical instructions issued through the use of certified software "TEE - KENAK Energy Building Inspection." Moreover, we have studied the energy situation of this building in different cities in Helleni c space, located in separate climatic zones A, B, D so as to compare the differences between them. These cities are R h odos for A climatic zone, Athens for B climatic zone, and finally Florina for D climatic zone. We have taken measures in order for energy improvement which related to the insulation of external building s tructure, changing the glasses and creating solar spaces . To conclude, this dissertation contributes to promote energy interventions in a buildin g, its ener gy needs , as well as its transformation to a more energy - efficient one
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heal.tableOfContents
ABSTRACT ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ IV 1 INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 1 2 LITERATURE REVIEW ................................ ................................ ............................ 3 2.1 E NERGY E FFICIENCY ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 3 2.1.1 Energy Conservation ................................ ................................ ............................ 4 2.1.2 Growth of Energy use in the Developed World ................................ ................ 4 2.1.3 Energy use in hot climates ................................ ................................ .................. 5 2.1.4 Imperative need to conserve energy ................................ ................................ . 5 2.2 E NERGY P ERFORMANCE ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 6 2.1.5 2.2.1 Energy Consumption ................................ ................................ .................. 6 2.2.2 Building Regulations ................................ ................................ ................................ 6 2.3 E NERGY A UDIT ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 7 2.3.1 History ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 7 2.3.2 Energy Audit - Definition ................................ ................................ ........................... 8 2.3. 3 Initiation of Energy Audit ................................ ................................ ......................... 9 2.3.4 The Site Surveys ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 9 2.3.5 Energy Sources ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 9 2.3.6 Use of energy ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 10 2.3.7 Energy Control ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 10 3 ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS IN GREECE AND EUROPE ................................ ..... 11 3.1 B UILDING SECTOR AND E NERGY CONSUMPTION IN E UROPEAN U NION ........................ 11 3.2 CO 2 E MISSIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 13 3.3 B UILDING S ECTOR AND ENERGY CON SUMPTION IN G REECE ................................ ........ 14 4 NATIONAL REGULATIONS AND LAWS ................................ ............................. 17 4.1 I NSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWO RK ................................ ................................ ........................... 17 4.2 D EFINITIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 17 4.3 E NERGY AUDIT OF LIGHT ING SYSTEMS ................................ ................................ ........... 19 4.3.1 M INIMUM REQUIREMENTS ................................ ................................ ............................ 19 4.3.2 P ROCEDURE OF L IGHTING S YSTEM I NSPECTION ................................ ....................... 20 4.4 E NERGY CATEGORIES AND LIMITS ................................ ................................ .................. 21 - vi - 4.5 O BJECTIVES AND BENEFI TS OF E NERGY AUDIT ................................ ............................. 22 4.6 C ONDUCTING AN ENERGY AUDIT ................................ ................................ .................... 24 4.7 E NERGY IDENTITY OF TH E BUILDING ................................ ................................ ............... 25 4.8 O BSTACLES TO IMPLEMEN TING ENERGY BUILDING DESIGN IN G REECE ....................... 26 5 ACTIONS FOR ENERGY S AVING IN EXISTING BU ILDINGS ............................ 27 5.1 T HERMAL INSULATION AD DED ................................ ................................ ......................... 27 5.1.1 Insulation methods ................................ ................................ ............................. 28 5.1.2 The types of insulation ................................ ................................ ....................... 28 5.2 R EPLACING OLD WINDOWS , DOORS AND FRAMES ................................ ......................... 29 5.2.1 Glazing ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 30 5.2.2 Frames ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 31 5.3 G REEN ROOFS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 32 5.4 U SE OF SPECIAL COATIN GS (' COLD ' MATERIALS ) IN CEILINGS AND FATE S ................... 34 5.5 S UN P ROTECTION – S HADING ................................ ................................ ........................ 35 5.5.1 Sun protection provisions ................................ ................................ ..................... 35 5.5.2 Shade trees ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 37 5.6 N ATURAL AND NIGH T VENTILATION ................................ ................................ ................. 38 5.7 I NSTALLATION OF PASSI VE SOLAR SYSTEMS ................................ ................................ .. 40 5.8 E NERGY UPGRADING OF H EATING , V ENTILATING AND A IR C ONDITIONING (HVAC) ... 43 5.8.1 Heating system ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 43 5.8.2 Air conditioning system ................................ ................................ ......................... 43 5.8.3 Pumps - engines ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 44 5.8.4 Mechanical ventilation (free cooling) ................................ ................................ .. 44 5.8.5 Hybrid ventilation with ceiling fans ................................ ................................ ...... 45 5.9 U PGRADE OF THE NATURA L AND ARTIFICIAL LIG HTING SYSTEM ................................ ... 45 5.10 B UILDING E NERGY M ANAGEMENT S YSTEM (BEMS) ................................ .................. 47 5.10.1 Public information ................................ ................................ ................................ 48 5.11 E NERGY INSPECTION – EVALUATION ................................ ................................ ............. 48 5.12 U SE OF R ENEWABLE E NERGY S OURCES (RES) IN BUILDINGS ................................ .. 49 5.12.1 Wind ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 49 5.12.2 Geothermal ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 53 5.12.3 Solar t hermal systems (solar thermal) ................................ ............................. 55 5.12.4 Photovoltaic systems ................................ ................................ .......................... 56 6 CASE STUDY - ENERGY AUDIT ................................ ................................ ........... 65 - vii - 6.1 P ROJECT DESCRIPTION ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 66 6.2 B UIL DING CHARACTERISTICS ................................ ................................ .......................... 67 6.3 C ALCULATING ELEMENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ 72 6.4 S HADING ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 76 6.5 H EATING , COOLING , H OT W ATER S YSTEM AND LIGHTING ................................ ............ 82 6.6 F INAL C OSTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................... 87 6.7 I MPROVEMENT PROPOSALS ................................ ................................ ............................ 89 7 COMPARISON BETWEEN T HE OTHER THERMAL ZON ES A,B,D .................. 92 7.1 A BOUT THERMAL ZONE A - R HODOS ................................ ................................ ............... 92 7.2 A BOUT THERMAL ZONE B - A THENS ................................ ................................ ................ 94 7.3 A BOUT THERMAL ZONE D - F LORINA ................................ ................................ ............... 95 7.4 C OSTS AND PAYBACK PER IOD ................................ ................................ ........................ 97 8 CONCLUSIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 99 REFERENCES ......................................................................................................101
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heal.advisorName
Anastaselos, Dimitrios
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heal.committeeMemberName
PAPADOPOULOS
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heal.committeeMemberName
MARTINOPOULOS
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
103
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