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dc.contributor.author
Alexandridis, Georgios
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-04-14T12:10:20Z
dc.date.available
2016-04-15T00:00:15Z
dc.date.issued
2016-04-14
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14465
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Sustainability
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dc.subject
Life-cycle assessment
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dc.subject
Computer Aided Design
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dc.subject
Biomimicry
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dc.title
Sustainable Product Design Inspired from Nature
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
g.alexandridis@ihu.edu.gr
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomimicry.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomimetics.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Human ecology.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Nature.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Technological innovations.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Computer-aided design.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Engineering design--Data processing.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Product design--Environmental aspects
heal.language
en
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heal.access
free
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heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
References 1. Adebisi, O., Onuwe, O., Sani, M. (2015) Assessment of Biomimcry Design Concept Adoption in Architecture: Towards a Sustainable Built Environment in Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR - JESTFT). Volume 9, Issue 4 Ver. II, PP 41 - 46. 2. Adams, W. (2006) The future of sustainability: Re - thinking environment and development in the twenty - first century. In Report of the IUCN renowned thinkers meeting, Volume 29. 3. Arnarson, P. (2011) Biomimicry. Reykjavík University. 4. Biomimicry Institute (2007) ‘Biomimicry: a tool for innovation , URL:http://www.biomimicryinstitute.org/about - us/biomimicry - a - tool - for - innovation.html 5. Coelho, D., Versos, C. (2011) A comparative analysis of six bionic design methods. International Journal of Design Engineering 4 (2), 114 - 131. 6. Coelho, D., Versos, C. (2010) An approach to validation of technological industrial design concepts with a bionic character. Proceedings of the International Conference on Design and Product Development (ICDPD'10), Athens, Greece, 40 - 45. 7. Cohen, Y. (2012) Nature as a Model for Mimicking and Inspiration of New Technologies. International Journal of Aeronautical & Space Science, Volume 13, Is sue 1, pp 1 – 13. 8. Colombo, B. (2007) Biomimetic design for new technological developments. Cumulus Working Papers, Helsinki, Finland: University of Art and Design Helsinki, pp. 29 - 36. 9. De Pauw, I. C., Karana, E., Kandach ar, P., & Poppelaars, F. (2014) Compari ng Biomimicry and Cradle to Cradle with Ecodesign: a case study of student design projects. Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 78, pp 174 - 183 . 10. Helms, M., Vattam, S.S., Goel, A. (2009) Biologically inspired design: process and products. Design Studies, V olume 30, pp. 606 - 622. 11. Junior, W., Guanabara, A., Silva, E., Platcheck, E. (2002) ‘Proposta de uma Metodologia para o Desenvolvimento de Produtos Baseados no Estudo da Biónica’[in Portuguese — ' Proposal for a Methodology for Product Development Based on th e Study of Bionics'], Brasília: P&D — Pesquisa e Design. 12. Karthick, B., Maheshwari R. (2008) Lotus - Inspired Nanotechnology Applications. Resonance, Volume 13, Issue 12, pp 1141 - 1145. 13. Klein, L. (2009) A phenomenological interpretation of Biomimicry and its pot ential value for sustainable design. Doctoral dissertation, Kansas State University . 14. Kicinger, R. P. (2004) Emergent Engineering Design: Design creativity and optimality inspired by nature. Doctoral dissertation, George Mason University . 69 15. Latthe, S., Terashima, C., Nakata, K., Fujishima, A., (2014) Superhydrophobic Surfaces Developed by Mimicking Hierarchical Surface Morphology of Lotus Leaf. Molecule, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp. 4256 - 4283 . 16. Pawlyn, M. (2011) Biomimicry in architecture . Volume 1 5, Riba Publishing . 17. Pedersen Zari, M. (2007) Biomimetic approaches to Architectural Design for increased sustainability. The SB07 NZ Sustainable Building Conference, Auckland, New Zealand. 18. Reap, J. J. (2 009) Holistic biomimicry: A biologically inspired app roach to environmentally benign engineering. Doctoral dissertation, Georgia Institute of Technology 19. Rizzo, N., Gardner, K., Walls, D., Keiper - Hrynko, N., Ganzke, T., Hallahan, D. (2006) Characterization of the structure and composition of gecko adhesive se tae. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, Volume 3, Issue 8, pp.441 - 451. 20. Tzetzis, D., & Symeonidou, I. (2015) Material and Design Selection of Wine Packaging using a CAD - based Approach for Green Logistics. 1st International Conference on Agrifood Supply Chain Management & Green Logistics , pp 471 - 480 21. Versos, C. A., & Coelho, D. A. (2011). Biologically inspired design: methods and validation . Industrial Design - New Frontiers, pp 101 - 120. 22. Versos, C., Coelho, D. (2010) Iterative Design of a Novel Bionic CD Storage Shelf Demonstrating an Approach to Validation of Bionic Industrial Design Engineering Concepts . Proceedings of the International Conference on Design and Product Development (ICDPD'10), Athens, Greece, 46 - 51. 23. Vukusic, P. (2010) An Introduction to B io - Inspired Design. Nature's inspiration may help scientists find solutions to technological, biomedical or industrial challenges. Contact Lens Spectrum, Special Edition 2010, pp 6 - 13. 24. Ashby, M . (2011) Materials Selection in Mechanical Design (4th Edition) , Butterworth - Heinemann 25. Benyus, J. (1997) Biomimicry: Innovations Inspired by Nature , William Morrow & Co 26. Dul, J., Weerdmeester B. (2008) Ergonomics for Beginners. A Quick Reference Guide (3rd Edition) , CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group 27. Goel, A., McAdams, D., Stone, R. (2014) Biologically Inspired Design. Computational Methods and Tools , Springer - Verlag London 28. Groover, M. (2010) Fundamentals of modern manufacturing: materials, processes and systems (4th Edition) , John Wiley & Sons 29. Macnab, M. (2011) Design by nature: using universal forms and principles in design . New Riders. 30. Passino, K. M. (2005) Biomimicry for optimization, control, and automation . Springer Science & Business Media. 70 31. Ulrich, K. & Eppinger, S. (2012) Product Design and Deve lopment (5th Edition) , McGraw - Hill. 32. Utterback, J., Vedin, B., Alvarez, E., Ekman, S., Sanderson, S., Tether, B., Verganti R., (2006) Design - Inspired Innovation , World Scientific 33. www.asknature.org 34. http://www.biomimicry.net/ 35. http://www.solidworks.com/sustainability/products/2795_ENU_HTML.htm 36. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomimetics 37. https://www.flickr.com/photos/artsyscience/51311029 38. http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~ronf/Gecko/interface08.html 39. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2 012/08/09/how - do - geckos - feet - work_n_1761839.html#gallery/243936/1 40. https://geckskin.umass.edu/ 41. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic_setae 42. http://www.paintpro.net/Articles/PP705/PP705_ProductProfiles.cfm 43. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultrahydrophobicity 44. h ttps://materialslab.wordpress.com/2015/11/26/learning - from - termites/ 45. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/70/Sustainable_development.sv g 46. http://www.mech.kuleuven.be/en/research/LCE
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heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Strategic Product Design
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heal.publicationDate
2016-02-28
heal.abstract
Nature has always been a source of inspiration for humankind. Since early years people used to observe and study nature in order to find answers and solutions to several of their daily problems. The practice of imitating the models, systems, and elements of nature in order to solve problems of our daily life is called Biomimicry or Biomimetics (Benyus, 1997). The objective of this study is to describe the way nature can act as a source of inspiration for the design and development of a product and furthermore to suggest a methodology for the optimization of the product regarding its environmental impact, by selecting the appropriate materials and production methods. Within this context, the issues to be tackled in this thesis will be: • Nature as a source of inspiration, creativity and innovation in product design. • Material and production methods selection. • Sustainable development and environmental impact assessment. • Validation of the proposed methodology with the aid of special computerized tools and techniques. The softwares utilized for the implementation of this endeavor are: • Solidworks 3D CAD system for the design of the product, the engineering analysis and the environmental impact assessment. • CES EduPack for the selection of the materials. For the attainment of these project goals, the following steps were followed: 1. Research conduction for pinpointing and understanding a biological system that will provide the solution in our case. 2. Analysis of the system in terms of geometry and function. 3. Definition of the problem and the design requirements. 4. Deployment of the design procedure adaptating the geometric features of this system in our product development. 5. Material analysis for investigating materials appropriate for the requirements and objectives of our product. 6. Engineering analysis for the assurance of the appropriateness of the materials’ mechanical properties. 7. Optimization of the product through sustainability analysis by selecting the most appropriate materials and manufacturing processes with the lower environmental impact. The product that was developed for the purpose of this study is a garden chaise lounge that imitates the form of a scorpion.
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heal.tableOfContents
Chapter 1 - Introduction 1 1.1 General overview 1 1.2 Examples of Biomimicry 2 1.2.1 Velcro 2 1.2.2 The Gecko Tape 3 1.2.3 The Lotus Plant effect 4 1.2.4 The Eastgate building 6 1.3 Aim and Scope of the Study 9 1.4 Research Questions 9 1.5 Structure of the dissertation 9 Chapter 2 - Literature Review 10 2.1 Methodologies description 10 2.1.1 The Aalborg bio-inspired design method. 10 2.1.2 The biomimicry design method 11 2.1.3 The spiral design method 12 2.1.4 Bio-inspired design method 13 2.1.5 Bio-solution in search of a problem method 14 Chapter 3 - Methodology Proposal 16 3.1 Overview of the methodology 16 3.2 Sustainability 16 3.3 Life Cycle Assessment 18 3.4 Environmental Impact Factors 19 3.4.1 Carbon Footprint. 19 3.4.2 Energy Consumption. 19 3.4.3 Air Acidification. 20 3.4.4 Water Eutrophication. 20 3.5 Description of the methodology 20 Chapter 4 - Concept deployment (Data analysis & Discussion) 22 4.1 Design process 22 4.1.1 Research conduction 22 4.1.2 System analysis 22 4.1.3 Problem Definition 23 4.1.4 Design Deployment 24 4.2 Material Analysis 28 4.2.1 General Overview 28 4.2.2 Material selection 28 4.2.2.1 Screening of the problem for the frame 30 4.2.2.2 Material Indices determination and ranking for the frame 30 4.2.2.3 Screening of the problem for the legs 33 4.2.2.4 Material Indices determination and ranking for the frame 34 4.3 Engineering Analysis 37 4.3.1 General Overview 37 4.3.2 Stress analysis for the frame 38 4.3.2.1 Study for the Polypropylene (PP) material 39 4.3.2.2 Study for the Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) material 42 4.3.2.3 Study for the Polyvinylchloride (PVC) material 45 4.3.3 Stress analysis for the leg 48 4.3.3.1 Study for the Cast Aluminum alloys (Cast Al) material 49 4.3.3.2 Study for the Age-hardening wrought Aluminum alloys (Age-hard) material 52 4.3.3.3 Study for the Non Age-hardening Aluminum alloys (Non Age-hard Al) material 55 4.4 Environmental Impact Assessment 58 4.4.1 General overview 58 4.4.2 Sustainability analysis of the chaise lounge’s components 58 4.4.3 Frame’s materials impact on the Environmental Factors 59 4.4.4 Leg’s materials impact on the Environmental Factors 60 4.4.5 Comparison between the materials for the frame 61 4.4.6 Comparison between the materials for the legs 64 4.5 Final material selection 67 Chapter 5 - Conclusion 68 References 69
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heal.advisorName
Kyratsis, Panagiotis
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heal.committeeMemberName
Bilalis, Nikolaos
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heal.committeeMemberName
Tzetzis, Dimitrios
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
80
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