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dc.contributor.author
Zafeiri, Eleni
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-05T13:14:18Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-06T00:00:25Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05-05
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14472
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Geographical indications
en
dc.subject
Designations of origin
en
dc.subject
Certification regional marks
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dc.subject
Trade marks
en
dc.subject
TRIPS
en
dc.title
The legal protection of designations of origin and of geographical indications in the EU and in international law
en
heal.type
masterThesis
el
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Intellectual property
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Marks of origin
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Intellectual property (International law)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Foreign trade regulation.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Trademarks--Law and legislation
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
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Sanders, “ New Frontiers of Intellectual Property Law, IP and Cul tural Heritage – Geographical Indications – Enforcement – Overprotection”, Hart Publishing, 2005 .  Kur, Th. Dreier, “European Intellectual Property Law, Text, Cases and Materials”, Edward Elgar, 2013 .  J. Malbon, Ch. Lawson, M. Davison, “The WTO Agreement on Trade - Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, A Commentary” , Edward Elgar, 2014 .  Ch. R. McManis, “ Biodiversity and the Law Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge”, Earthscan, 2007 .  G. Tritton, “Intellectual Property in Eu rope” , London Sweet & Maxwell, Third Edition, 2008 .  C. Seville, “ EU Intellectual Property Law and Policy ”, Edward Elgar, 2009. - 49 - Articles  Malobika Banerji, “Geographical Indications: Which Way Should Asean Go?”, Intellectual Property & Technology Forum at Boston College Law School, 2012 (2012 B.C. Intell. Prop. & Tech. F.1) .  Irene Calboli, “Geographical Indications of origin at The Crossroads o f Local Development, Consumer Protection And Marketing Strategies”, International Review of Intellectual Property a nd Competition Law, 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(7), 760 - 780 ) .  Bernard O Connor, “ Sui Ge neris Protection o f Geographical Indications”, Drake Journal of Agricultural Law, 2004 (9 Drake J. Agric. L. 359) .  Tesh W. Dagne, “Beyond Economic Considerations: (Re)Conceptualising Geographical Indications For Protecting Traditional Agricultural Products” , International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law , 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(6), 682 - 706 ) .  Teshager Dagne, “ The Identity o f Geographical Indicati ons and Their Relation to Traditional Knowledge in Intellectual Property Law”, IDEA: The Intellectual Property Law Review, 2014 (54 IDEA 255) .  Tim Engelhardt, “Geographical Indications u nder Recent EU Trade Agreements”, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law , 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(7), 781 - 818 ) .  Gail Evans, “The protection of geographical indications in the European Union and the United States under sui generis and trade mark systems: signs of harmonization ?”, Int ellectual Property Quarterly , 2013 , ( I.P.Q. 2013, 1, 18 - 46 ) .  G.E. Evans, “The simplification of European legislation for the protection of geographical indications: the proposed Regulation on Agricultural Product Quality Schemes”, European Intellectual Property Review , 2012 ( E.I.P.R. 2012, 34(11), 770 - 786 ) .  G.E. Evans, “The strategic exploitation of geographical indications and Community trade marks for the marketing of agricultural products in the European Union”, WIPO Journal , 2010, ( W.I.P.O.J. 2010, 1(2), 159 - 179 ) . - 50 -  Charlie Fu, “Trademarks in International and Comparative Law: Geographical Indications in Multinational Agreements”, Th e Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues, 2010 (19 J. Contemp. Legal Issues 451) .  Dev S. Gangjee, “Geographical indications and cultural heritage”, WIPO Journal , 2012 ( W.I.P.O.J. 2012, 4(1), 92 - 102 ) .  Dev Gangjee, “Geographic Indications And Trademarks: Quibbling Siblings: Conflicts Between Trademarks And Geographical Indications”, Chicago - Kent Law Review , 2007 (82 Chi. - Kent L. Rev. 1253) .  Daniel J. Gervais, “Re inventing Lisbon: The Case for a Protocol to the Lisbon Agreement (Geographical Indications)”, Chicago Journal of International Law , 2010 (11 Chi. J. Int'l L. 67) .  Christopher Heath and Delphine Marie - Vivien, “Geographical indications and the principles of trade mark law - a distinctly European perspective”, International Review of In tellectual Property and Competition Law , 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(7), 819 - 842 ) .  Just in Hughes, “Champagne, Feta, and Bourbon: The Spirited Debate a bout Geographical Indications”, Hastings Law Journal , 2006 (58 Hastings L.J. 299) .  Andras Jokuti, “Where is the what if the what is in why? A rough guide to the maze of geographical indications ”, European Intellectual Property Review , 2009 (E.I.P.R. 2009, 31(3), 118 - 123) .  Irina Kireeva and Paolo R. Vergano, “Geographical indications and the interface between trade mark protection and sui generis protection: the example of China, Thailand and Vie tnam”, International Trade Law & Regulation , 2006 ( Int. T.L.R. 2006, 12(4), 97 - 107 ) .  Roland Knaak, “Geographical indications and their relationship with tra de marks in EU law ”, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competit ion Law , 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(7), 843 - 867 ) .  Philip Matthews, “Increasing revenu e in developing nations through intellectual property rights: why a diversified approach to intellectual property protection - 51 - with a focus on geographical indications is the best method ”, Buffalo Intellectual Property Law Journal, 2010 (7 Buff. Intell. Prop . L.J. 2010) .  Sonali Maulik, “Skirting the Issue: How International Law Fails to Protect Traditional Cultural Marks from IP Theft”, Chicago Journal of International Law , 2012 (13 Chi. J. Int'l L. 239) .  Lina Monten, “Geographical Indications of Origin: Shou ld They Be Protected and Why? - An Analysis of the Issue from the U.S. and EU Perspectives”, Santa Clara Computer and High Technology Law Journal , 2006 (22 Santa Clara Computer & High Tech. L.J. 315) .  Raimund Raith, “Recent WTO and EC jurisprudence concern ing the protection of geographical indications”, International Trade Law & Regul ation , 2009 ( Int. T.L.R. 2009, 15(4), 119 - 132 ) .  Kal Raustiala and Stephen R. M unzer, “The global struggle over geographic indications”, European Journal of I nternational Law , 2007 ( E.J.I.L. 2007, 18(2), 337 - 365 ) .  Daniel Rogits, “EU ge ographical indications v US trademarks: TKO against the international harmonisation of the protection of geographical indications?”, Intellectual Property Quarterly , 2010 ( I.P.Q. 2010, 4, 403 - 416 ) .  Anselm Kamperman Sanders, “Geographical indications of origin: when GIs become commodities, all gloves come off”, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, 2015 ( IIC 2015, 46(7), 755 - 759 ) .  Inessa Shalevich, “Protection of Trademarks and Geographical Indications”, Buf falo Intellectual Property Law Journal , 2008 (6 Buff. Intell. Prop. L.J. 67) .  Tunisia L. Staten, “Geographical Indications Protection u nder the TRIPS Agreement: Uniformity Not Extension”, Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society, 2005 (87 J. Pat. & Trademark Off. Soc'y 221) .  Justin M. Waggoner, “Andrew P. Vance Memorial Writing Competition Winner: Acquiring A European Taste For Geographical Indications”, Brooklyn Journal of International Law , 2008, (33 Brooklyn J. Int'l L. 569) . - 52 -  Vicki Waye, Asses sing Multilateral vs. Bilateral Agreements and Geographic Indications through international food and wine”, Currents: International Trade Law Journal, 2005 (14 Currents Int'l Trade L.J. 56) . Other sources  Daniele Giovannucci - Tim Josling - William Kerr - Bernard O’Connor - May T. Yeung, “ GUIDE TO GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS, Linking Products and Their Origin”, International Trade Centre 200 9 , available at: http://www.origin - gi.com/images/stories/PDFs/English/E - Library/geographical_indications.pdf (accessed on 12 January 2016).  Marcus Höpperger, Matthijs Geuze , “ Negotiators Modernize International System for Registering GIs”, WIPO Magazine 2015 , availa ble at: http://www.wipo.int/wipo_magazine/en/2015/03/article_0001.html (accessed on 12 January 2016). Case - law  CJEU “ Salame Felino” , C - 35/13, Assica - Associazione Industriali delle Carni e dei Salumi v Associazione fra produttori per la tutela del 'Salame Felino' , 8 May 2014. [2014] E.T.M.R. 40 .  Court of Appeal (Civil Division) “Fage”, Fage UK Ltd & Anor v Chobani UK Ltd & Anor, 28 January 2014 ,[2014] EWCA Civ 5, available at: www.bailii. org/ew/cases/EWCA/Civ/2014/5.html , (accessed on 12January 2016).  CJEU “ Cognac ” , Joined cases C - 4/10 and C - 27/10, Bureau national interprofessionnel du Cognac v Gust. Ranin Oy, 14 July 2011; ECR 2011 I - 06131.  CJEU “ Bud ” case, C - 96/09 , Anheuser - Busch Inc . V. von Bomhard and B. Goebel, Rechtsanwälte, 29 March 2011, ECR 2011 I - 02131.  CJEU C - 161/09 Kakavetsos - Fragkopoulos AE Epexergasias kai Emporias Stafidas v Nomarchiaki Aftodioikisi Korinthias , 3 March 2011 , ECR 2011 I - 00915 . - 53 -  CJEU "Bayerisches Bier ", C - 120/08 , Bavaria NV v Bayerischer Brauerbund eV, 22 December 2010. E CR 2010 I - 13393.  CJEU “ Bavaria ”, C - 343/07, Bavaria NV and Bavaria Italia Srl v Bayerischer Brauerbund, 2 July 2009, available at : http://eurlex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A62007CJ0343 , (accessed on 12January 2016) .  CJEU “ Parmesan”, C - 132/05, Commission of the European Communities v Germany, 26 February 2008, available at: http://eur - lex.europa.eu/legal - content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:62005CJ0132 (accessed on 12 January 2016)  CJEU “ Bud ” Joined cases T - 225/06, T - 255/06, T - 257/06 and T - 309/06, “ Budejovicky Budvar národní po dnik vs Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) ( OHIM), 16 December 2008, ECR 2008 II - 3555.  CJEU “Grana Padano” T - 291/03, Consorzio per la Tutela del formaggio Grana Padano v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (OHIM), 12 September 2007, ECR 2007 II - 03081 .  CJEU Joined Cases C - 158/04 and C - 159/04, Alfa Vita Vassilopoulos AE (C - 158/04) and Carrefour Marinopoulos AE (C - 159/04) v Elliniko Dimosi o and Nomarchiaki Aftodioikisi Ioanninon Alfa Vita Vassilopoulos AE Joined Cases C - 158/04 and C - 159/04, 14 September 2006, ECR 2006 I - 08135 .  CJEU " Feta", Joined Cases C - 465/02 and C - 466/02 , Federal Republic of Germany (C - 465/02) and Kingdom of Denmark (C - 466/02) v Commission of the European Communities, 25 October 2005, ECR 2005 I - 09115, Joined cases C - 289/96, C - 293/96 and C - 299/96, Kingdom of Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany and French Republic v Commission of the European Communities , 16 March 1999, ECR 1999, I - 01541.  CJEU ,“ Parma ham ” C - 108/01,Consorzio del Prosciutto di Parma and Salumificio S. Rita SpA v Asda Stores Ltd and Hygrade Foods Ltd, 20 May 2003, ECR 2003 I - 05121.  CJEU “Guimont”, C - 448/98 , Criminal proceedings against Jean - Pierre Guimont , of 5 December 2000 , ECR 2000 I - 10663 . - 54 -  CJEU “ Chiemsee” case, Joined cases C - 108/97 and C - 109/97, Windsurfing Chiemsee Produktions - und Vertriebs GmbH (WSC) v Boots - und Segelzubehör Walter Huber and Franz Attenberger , 4 May 1999. ECR 1999 I - 02779.  CJEU “Gorgonzola”, C - 87/97, Consorzio pela Tutela de lFormaggioGorgonzola v Käserei Champignon Hofmeister GmbH&Co.KGand EduardBracharzGmbH , 4 March 1999. ECR 1999 I - 01301.  CJEU “ Exportur” , C - 3/91, Exportur SA v LOR SA and Confiserie du Tech SA, 10 November 1992. ECR 1992 I - 05529.  CJEU C - 16/83, “ Karl Prantl”, Criminal proceedings against Karl Prantl, 13 March 1984, ECR 1984 - 01299.  CJEU cases: “Sekt” and “Weinbrand” C - 12/74, Commission of the European Communities v Federal Rebublic of Germany, 20 February 1975, available at: http://eurlex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 61974CJ0012&fro m=IT (accessed on 12 January 2016). Legal Texts  Agreement on Trade - Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ("TRIPS") available at: https://www.wt o.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/trips_e.htm  Convention on Biological Diversity o f 1992 available at: https://www.cbd.int/convention/  Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their In ternational Registration of 1958 available a t: http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/lisbon/  Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement on Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications of 2015 - 55 - available at : http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/lisbon/ Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Trademark  M adrid A greement Concerning the International Registration of Marks of 1891 and the Madr id Protocol of 1989 available at: http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/registration/madrid/  Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source of Goods available at: http://www.wipo.int/treaties/en/text.jsp?file_id=286779  Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property available at: http: //www.wipo.int/treaties/en/ip/paris/  Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the C ouncil of 21 November 2012 on Quality Schemes for Agricultural Products and F oodstuffs , available at: http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:343:0001:0029 :en:PDF  Regulation (EU) No 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products , available at: http://eur - lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2013:347:0671:0854:EN:PDF  Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the C ouncil of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit , available at: http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:039:0016:0054 :EN:PDF - 56 -  Community Trade mark Regulation (CTMR) (EC) 207/2009 , Council Regulati on (EC) No 207/2009 of 26 February 2009 o n the Community trade mar k, available at: https://oami.europa.eu/tunnel web/secure/webdav/guest/document_library/ contentPdfs/law_and_practice/ctm_legal_basis/ctmr_en.pdf .  Trade mark Directive (TMD) 2008/95/ EC , Direc tive of the European Parliament and of the C ouncil of 22 October 2008 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks , available at: h ttp://eur - lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:299:0025:0033:en:PDF .
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heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law
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heal.publicationDate
2016-05-04
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the LLM in “Transnational and European Commercial Law, Arbitration, Mediation and Energy Law” at the International Hellenic Uni versity with the aim to explain the international legislative framework for geographical indications and designations of origin a nd a potential full harmonization on this field via a revision of TRIPS. It starts with the terminology used and how incorporated in international legislative instruments so as to become a distinct IP right. It follows with the nature of such indications a s signs of authentic and quality products with high rewards to producers and consumers as the key benefit but also the reason of the deep conflict between traditional production countries of continental Europe and industrial production countries of New wor ld. The different philosophy in their legal systems led to a deadlock in negotiations, which resulted in a political compromise and unjustified two - tier system of protection of GIs in TRIPS agreement. However, after scrutinizing the two conflicting models used for GI protection by the EU and USA, this work concludes that both jurisdictions seem to agree impliedly and have already harmonized their basic principles by treating GIs as a protective “device” encompassing IP collective rights with unfair competit ion. Therefore an extension of the higher protection reserved for wines and spirits only to all goods, including foods, is a feasible solution and opportunity, given that mostly famous GI - denominated products are foods. Since GIs is a powerful tool of uniq ue competitive advantage as the unique reflection of people and its terroir with multiple benefits for localities in a globalised free - trade economy, the fear of monopolization of the market by the EU seems exaggerated before the threat of mass - homogenous products without culture identity and exclusive control of private firms
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heal.tableOfContents
- v - C ontents TITLE OF DISSERTATION ................................ ................................ ........................... II DECLARATION ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... II ABSTRACT ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... III ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ................................ ................................ ........................... IV CONTENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... V ABBREVIATIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... VII INTRO DUCTION: ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 1 CHAPTER I: THE DEFI NITION AND PROTECTIO N OF GIS IN INTERNAT IONAL IPR ARENA ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 4 A. T HE DEFINITION OF G EOGRAPHICAL INDIC ATION (GI) - U NTANGLING THE TERMIN OLOGY ................. 4 B. T HE EVOLUTION AND PRO TECTION OF GI S AS IP RIGHTS IN INTERNATIO NAL TREATIES AND IN E UROPEAN REGULATORY SCHEME ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 9 1. The protection of GIs as IP rights in international treaties .................... 9 a) The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property ................ 10 b) The Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source of Goods ................................ ................................ ........... 11 c) The Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration ................................ ................................ .......... 12 d) The TRIPS Agreement ................................ ................................ ................ 13 2. The protection of GIs in EU regulatory scheme ................................ ... 17 a) The EU legal framework in general ................................ ........................... 17 b) EU Regulation 1151/2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and food stuffs ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 18 CHAPTER II : SCRUTINI Z ING THE TWO ANTAGONI STIC BASIC M ODELS OF PROTECTION : THE COM MON LAW AND THE CIVI L LAW APPROACH E S .................... 21 A . C OMMON - LAW PERSPECTIVE : THE USA TRADEMARK MODEL ................................ ................... 21 B. S CRUTINIZING THE TWO ANTAGONISTIC MODELS OF PROTECTION OF GI S ................................ ..... 24 1. Gen ericness ................................ ................................ .......................... 29 2. Conflict rules, priority or co - existence? ................................ ................ 31 - vi - CHAPTER III : WHY SUI GENERIS PROT ECTION IS NEEDED? .............................. 33 R ATIONALE OF SUI GENE RIS PROTECTION ................................ ................................ ................... 33 A. Economic reasons ................................ ................................ ................ 33 B. B lending eco nomy with tradition and culture ................................ ..... 35 CHAPTER IV : THE EXTENSION OF ENH ANCED PROTECTION OF WINES TO ALL AGRICULTURAL - FOOD PRODUCTS AND A MULTILATERAL REGISTR ATION: A ONE WAY SOLUTION? .................... ................................ ................................ ........................ 39 A. G ENERAL OBSERVATIONS ................................ ................................ ........................ 39 B. A DDRESSING AN EXTENSI ON OF A RTICLE 23 OF TRIPS TO ALL PRODUCTS ......................... 41 C. T HE WAY OF POTENTIAL BENEFITS BECOMING RE ALITY ................................ ................... 42 The generic and homonymous problem ................................ .......................... 44 CONCLUSION ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 46 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 48
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heal.advisorName
Papadopoulos, Thomas
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heal.committeeMemberName
Papadopoulos, Thomas
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heal.committeeMemberName
Kaissis, Athanassios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Komnios, Komninos
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
63
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