GR Semicolon EN

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author
Lampridi, Maria
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-05T15:47:31Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-06T00:00:41Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05-05
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14487
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
EIA
en
dc.subject
EIA System Effectiveness
en
dc.subject
Environmental Impact Assessment
en
dc.subject
Environmental Impact Statement
en
dc.subject
Law 4014/2011
en
dc.title
Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece
en
heal.type
masterThesis
el
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Environmental impact analysis
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Environmental impact analysis--Law and legislation--Greece
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.references
Agenda 21, Rio Declaration, Forest Principles. (199 2). In: United Nations Conference in Environment and Development. New York: United Na tions. Androulidakis, I. and Karakassis, I. (2006). Evalua tion of the EIA system performance in Greece, using quality indicators. Environmental Impact Assessment Review , 26(3), pp.242-256. Barker, A. and Wood, C. (1999). An evaluation of ei a system performance in eight eu countries. Environmental Impact Assessment Review , 19(4), pp.387-404. Bartlett, R. and Kurian, P. (1999). The Theory of E nvironmental Impact Assessment: Implicit models of policy making. Policy & Politics , 27(4), pp.415-433. Canter, L. (1977). Environmental impact assessment . New York: McGraw-Hill. CENN, (2004). Assessment of Effectiveness of Enviro nmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System in Azerbaijan. Georgia: CENN. Commission of the European Communities, (2003). Rep ort from the Commission to the European Parliament and Council: On the Application and Effectiveness of the EIA Directive (Directive 85/337/EEC as amended by Directive 97/11/EC) How successful are the Member States in implementin g the EIA Directive . Brussels: Commission of the European Communities. Commission of the European Communities, (2009). Com munication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regio ns: Third strategic review of Better Regulation in the European Union . Brussels: Commission of the European Communities. Commission of the European Communities, (2009). Rep ort from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: On the application and effectiveness of the EIA Directive (Directive 85/33 7/EEC, as amended by Directives 97/11/EC and 2003/35/EC) . Brussels Commission of the European Communities. Commitments and application: Environmental Legislat ion in Greece. (2015). [online] Athens: WWF. Available at: http://www.wwf.gr/images /pdfs/WWF- NOMOreport-2015-FINAL.pdf [Accessed 6 Dec. 2015]. Commitments without application: Environmental Legi slation in Greece. (2007). [online] Athens: WWF. Available at: http://politics.wwf.gr/images/stories/political/nom othesia/nomoreport%202007.p df [Accessed 6 Dec. 2015]. [78] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece Commitments without application: Environmental Legi slation in Greece. (2008). [online] Athens: WWF. Available at: http://politics.wwf.gr/images/stories/political/nom othesia/wwf%20nomoreport% 202008.pdf [Accessed 6 Dec. 2015]. Ec.europa.eu, (2015). Environmental Impact Assessment - Environment - Eur opean Commission . [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/home.htm [Acces sed 10 Dec. 2015]. Ec.europa.eu, (2015). Environmental Impact Assessment – EIA - Environment - European Commission . [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/eia-legalcontex t.htm [Accessed 10 Dec. 2015]. Ec.europa.eu, (2015). Environmental Impact Assessment - Environment - Eur opean Commission . [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/enviro nment/eia/eia- support.htm [Accessed 10 Dec. 2015]. Ec.europa.eu, (2015). Review of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive - Environment - European Commission . [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eia/review.htm [Acc essed 10 Dec. 2015]. Ec.europa.eu, (2016). 2020 climate & energy package - European Commission. [online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/strategies/2020/ index_en.htm [Accessed 4 Jan. 2016]. Europa.eu, (2016). EUROPA - Topics of the European Union - Environment . [online] Available at: http://europa.eu/pol/env/index_en.htm [Accessed 12 Dec. 2015]. European Commission, (1985). Council Directive of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projec ts on the environment . Official Journal of the European Communities. European Commission, (1997). Council Directive 97/1 1 /EC of 3 March 1997 amending Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment . Official Journal of the European Communities. European Commission, (2009). Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 Β April 2009 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending Council Directive 85/337/EEC, European Parliament and Council Directives 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/ EC, 2006/12/EC, 2008/1/EC and Regulation (EC) No Β 1013/2006 . p.Official Journal of the European Union. European Commission, (2011). Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament [79] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on the asses sment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environm ent . Official Journal of the European Union. European Commission, (2014). Directive 2014/52/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 amending Direct ive 2011/92/EU on the assessment of the effects of certain public and pri vate projects on the environment . Official Journal of the European Union. European Commission, (2016). Directive 2003/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 providing for pub lic participation in respect of the drawing up of certain plans and programmes r elating to the environment and amending with regard to public participation an d access to justice Council Directives 85/337/EEC and 96/61/EC . Official Journal of the European Union. GHK, (2010). Collection of information and data to support the I mpact Assessment studt if the review of the EIA Directive -Final Rep ort . London: GHK. Glasson, J., Therivel, R. and Chadwick, A. (2005). Introduction to environmental impact assessment . London: Routledge. Haydar, F. and Pediaditi, K. (2010). Evaluation of the environmental impact assessment system in Syria. Environmental Impact Assessment Review , 30(6), pp.363-370. Hellenic Parliament, (1979). Law 998/1979: For the protection of forests and the country β €™s forest areas in general. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (1981). PD 1180/81: For industries, all kinds of mechanical installations and storages, and the safeguard of th e environment in general. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (1986). Law 1650/1986 for the protection of the Environment . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (1987). JMD 530992/1987: Technical specifications of touris t facilities . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (1990). JMD 69269/5387/1990: Ranking of projects and activities into categories, content of Environmenta l Impact Statements (EIS), setting the content of Specific Environmental Studi es (SES) and other related provisions under the Law 1650/1986. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2001). Issues of Olympic Hospitality. Olympic Infrastructu re and other provisions . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2002). JMD 15393/2332/2002: Ranking of public and private projects in categories according to the article 3 o f Law N. 1650/1986 as it was [80] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece amended by the article 1 of Law 3010/2002 β € Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the Directives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU , determination process and regulation of matters regarding water courses a nd other provisions. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2002). Law 3010/2001: Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the Directives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU, determination process and regulation of matters regarding water courses and other provision s. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2003). JMD 11014/703/F104/2003: Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment process (PEIA) and Approval of En vironmental Terms (AET) according to article 4 of Law 1650/1986 as it was replaces by article 2 of Law 3010/2002 Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the D irectives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU, determination process and regulation of m atters regarding water courses and other provisions. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2003). JMD 37111/2021/2003: Determination of public update and public participation during the Approval of Env ironmental Terms process of projects and activities under paragraph 2 of articl e 5 of Law 1650/1986 as in was replaces with paragraph 2 and 3 of article 3 of Law 3010/2002. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2004). JMD SES oik 129179/2004: Supplementation of JMD 15393/2332/2002 (1022/ Ξ ’/5.8.2002) Ranking of public and private projects in categories according to the article 3 of Law N. 165 0/1986 as it was amended by the article 1 of Law 3010/2002 β € Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the Directives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU etc. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2005). JMD 145799/2005: Supplementation of JMD 15393/2332/2002 Ranking of public and private proje cts in categories according to the article 3 of Law N. 1650/1986 as it was amen ded by the article 1 of Law 3010/2002 Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the D irectives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU etc. Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2006). JMD 104247/SES/MEPPW: Preliminary Environmental Impact Assessment (PEIA) process and Approval of En vironmental Terms of Renewable Energy Resources projects according to ar ticle 4 of the Law 1650/1986 as replaces from article 2 of Law 3010/20 02. Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2006). JMD 104248/SES/MEPPW: Contents, documents and miscellaneous data of Preliminary Environmental Imp act Assessment, of Environmental Impact Statements as well as related environmental studies of Renewable Energy Resources projects. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2006). JMD MEPPW/SES/oik. 107017/2006: Assessment of [81] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece Environmental Impacts of certain plans and projects in compliance with the provisions of the Directive 2001/42/EU β € about the Assessment of Environmental Impacts of certain plans and projects β €™ of the European Parliament and the Council of 27th June 2001. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2006). Law 3468/2006: Electric energy production from Renewable Energy Resources and cogeneration of high performance electricity and heat and other provisions. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2007). JMD MEPPW/SES/ oik 126880/2007: Supplementation of JMD 15393/2332/2002 (1022/ Ξ ’/5.8.2002) Ranking of public and private projects in categories according to the article 3 o f Law N. 1650/1986 as it was amended by the article 1 of Law 3010/2002 β € Harmonization of Law 1650/1986 with the Directives 97/11/EU and 96/01/EU etc. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2008). Constitution of Greece . Athens: Publicing and Printing Agency of the Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2010). Law 3851/2010: Acceleration of growth of Renewable Energy Resources towards tackling Climate Change an d other provisions in jurisdictional matters of the Ministry of Environme nt, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC). . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2012). JMD 21398/12: for the establishment and operation of a website for the suspension of Environmental Terms A pproval Decisions and their renewal/modification according to article 9a of the Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2012). MD 1958/12: classification of public and private projects and activities in categories and subcatego ries according to article 1, paragraph 4 of Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2012). MD 15277/2012: Specification of procedures for the incorporation of Decision of Approval of Environmen tal Terms or of Standard Environmental Commitments, of the intended by the F orestry Law, intervention approval, for projects and activities of category A and B of MD 1958/2012 according to article 12 of the Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2012). MD 20741/2012: Amendment of JMD 1958/2012 of the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change on the c lassification of public and private projects and activities in categories and s ubcategories according to article 1, paragraph 4 of Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2012). MD 21697: Ξ D 21697/12 establishment of the Central Council of Environmental Permitting according to pa ragraph 1, article 13 of Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. [82] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece Hellenic Parliament, (2013). MD 167563/2012: Specification of procedures and special criteria for environmental licensing of pro jects and activities of the articles 3,4,5,6 and 7 of Law 4014/2011, according to article 2, paragraph 13 of it, to the special documents of the aforementioned procedures and every other subject relevant to the procedures. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2013). MD oik. 65150/178/2013: β € Ά Replacement of ANNEX II of MD 1958/2012 β € Classification of projects and activities in categories/subcategories according to article 1 par agraph 4 of Law 4014/21.09.2011 (G.G. A 209/2011) (B21) as it is ap plied . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2013). Special Ecological Assessment Specifications for projects and activities listed in category B of art icle 10 of Law 4014/2011"Environmental licensing for projects and activities, regulation of arbitrary constructions by reference to the creatio n of environmental balance and other competence provisions of the Ministry of Environment" . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2014). Law 4014/2011: Environmental licensing for projects and activities, regulation of arbitrary constructio ns by reference to the creation of environmental balance and other competence provi sions of the Ministry of Environment. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2014). MD 30651/2014: Specification of supply and maintenance, procedures and permissions for electro nic access and information import as well as any other detail for the organiza tion, implementation and operation of the Environmental Electronic Registry according to article 18, paragraph 5 of Law 4014/2011 . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2014). MD 173829/2014: amendment of MD 1958/2012 of the Minister of Environmental and Climate Change, with which the public and private projects and activities are classified into categories and subcategories according to article 1, par. 4 of Law 4014/2011 (A2 09), as it is amended and applies, regarding the classification of some proje cts and activities of 2nd, 6th 9th and 12th group. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2014). MD oik. 1649/45/2014: Specification of procedures regarding consultation and public information proce ss and participation of interested public in public consultation during the environmental licensing of projects and activities listed in category A of MD 1958/2011 according to article 19 of par. 9 of Law 4014/2011, as well as any other relevant detail. . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Hellenic Parliament, (2014). MD oik. 170225/2014: Specification of the content o f environmental licensing files for projects and acti vities listed in category A of [83] Environmental Impact Assessment in Greece MD1958/2012 (B21) as it is applied, according to ar ticle 11 of Law 4014, as well as any other relevant detail . Athens: Hellenic Parliament. Keller, G. (2012). Managerial statistics . South Western College: International Edition. Kolhoff, A., Runhaar, H. and Driessen, P. (2009). T he contribution of capacities and context to EIA system performance and effectiveness in developing countries: towards a better understanding. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal , 27(4), pp.271-282. Malhotra, N. (2014). Basic Marketing Research . 4th ed. Essex: Pearson New International Edition, pp.329-366. Our Common Future - Brundtland Report. (1987). In: World Commission on Environment and Development . New York: Oxford University Press. Papagrigoriou, S. (n.d.). Study on the reform of th e amendment of classification of projects and activities (JMD 15393/2002) and of the Environmental Licensing procedures (Law 3010/2002 and JMD 11014/2003). Athe ns. Report for the Implementation of Law 4014/2011. (20 14). [online] Athens: YPEKA. Available at: http://www.ypeka.gr/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=JZXU2 DEf7Q8%3D&tabid=37 &language=el-GR [Accessed 10 Nov. 2015]. Sadler, B. (2016). International Study of the Effectiveness of Environ mental Assessment, Final Report, Environmental Assessment in a Changing World: Evaluating Practice to Improve Performance . Canada: Minister of Supply and Services. Wood, C. (2003). Environmental Impact Assessment: a comparative revi ew . 2nd ed. Malaysia: Pearson Education Ltd. Ypeka.gr, (2015). Environmental Licensing of Projects . [online] Available at: http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspx?tabid=804&language =el-GR [Accessed 11 Dec. 2015]. Ypeka.gr, (2015). Special Agency of Environmental Inspectors . [online] Available at: http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspx?tabid=407 [Accesse d 11 Dec. 2015]
el
heal.fileFormat
pdf
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Environmental Management and Sustainability
el
heal.publicationDate
2016-04-01
heal.abstract
In 2011 with law 4014/2011 Greek legislation regarding the assessment of effects of certain public and private projects on the environment was revised with the aim of improving the effectiveness of the country’s Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System. However, five years since its issuing, no evaluation has taken place to establish whether this legislative reform achieved its aims. Furthermore, since 2011 the EIA Directive has been amended twice, raising the question of whether Law 4014/2011 conforms to the revised EU EIA regulations. Based on the above the aim of this thesis is to review Law 4014/2011 conformance with new EIA Directive, identifying potential areas requiring amendments as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of the country’s EIA System. The methodology involved an exhaustive legislative review juxtaposing the EU and Greek legislative provisions. This was followed by a structured evaluation using the Oxford Brookes Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) quality evaluation criteria checklist of a sample of over 100 EIS from all over Greece. Finally, in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the EIA system more holistically, a National survey was conducted, involving key EIA stakeholders (EIA Specialists and Environmental Authorities regional as well as in the ministry officials). Key findings of this research are summarized below. According to the EISs quality evaluation results, the majority of EISs seem to perform poorly, meaning below the average grade of 2.5, when compared against the 92 Oxford Brookes Best Practice Requirements criteria. However, EIS they seem to perform relatively better, meaning they pass the average grade (3), when evaluated solely against the minimum EIA legislative requirements criteria as stipulated by EU Directive. The most significant weaknesses are located in the Alternatives, Non-technical Summary and Mitigation measure categories. Most of the EISs follow a specific template but the methods of assessment and the data presented are not justified. As concerns the results of the National Survey conducted among various stakeholders involved in the EIA process, the vast majority of the respondents believe that the Environmental Licensing process is not applied effectively in Greece. The most significant reason for the insufficiency of the EIA system according to stakeholders was the fact that the supporting tools prescribed in the legislation (e.g. Electronic Environmental Registry) have yet to been activated.
en
heal.tableOfContents
Contents Abstract i Preface ii Contents 1 1. Introduction 3 1.1. Aim – Objective 4 1.2. Section summary 5 2. Environmental Impact Assessment Policy and Legal Framework 7 2.1. Introduction 7 2.2. Legislation Overview 7 2.2.1. European Union Legal Framework 7 2.2.1.2. Directive 2011/92/EU & Directive 2014/52/EU 10 2.2.2. Greek Legal Framework 11 2.2.2.1. Law 1650/1986 and Law 3010/2002 14 2.2.2.2. Law 4014/2011 16 2.3. Conformity of Greek Environmental Legislation with EU Directives 20 3. Methodological Approach for EIA Evaluation 23 3.1 Introduction 23 3.2. Methodological Approach for estimating the Effectiveness of EIA System Applied by Law 4014/2011 23 3.3. National Survey 25 3.3.1. Stakeholder Analysis 25 3.3.2. Theoretical Background for Questionnaire Designing 25 3.3.2.1 Questionnaire Presentation 28 3.3.3. Data Analysis Methods 31 3.4. EIS Quality Evaluation 32 3.4.1. EIS sample 32 3.4.2. Oxford Brookes Review Package 33 4. EIA System Evaluation Results 35 4.1. Introduction 35 4.2. EIS Evaluation Results 35 4.2.1. Sample Presentation 35 4.3.2. EIS Quality Results 38 4.3. National Survey Results 49 4.3.1. Effectiveness of the Environmental Licensing Process 49 4.2.1. Quality of EISs Submitted and Importance of Public Participation in the EIA Process 61 5. Discussion on the Effectiveness of EIA System in Greece 66 5.1. Discussion on the EIS quality 66 5.2 Discussion on the Effectiveness of the Environmental Licensing Process 69 5.3. Recommendations for Further Legislative Improvements 73 6. Conclusion 75 References 77 ANNEX I 84 ANNEX II 88 ANNEX III 94 ANNEX IV 105 ANNEX V 108
en
heal.advisorName
Sartzetakis, Eftichios
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Banias, Georgios
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Pediaditi, Kalliope
en
heal.academicPublisher
IHU
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
el
heal.numberOfPages
114
el
heal.spatialCoverage
Greece
en


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Related Items