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dc.contributor.author
Andreadou, Christina
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-05T16:02:17Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-06T00:00:15Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05-05
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14489
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Municipal Solid Waste
en
dc.subject
Biomass Combustion
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dc.subject
Waste to Energy
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dc.subject
Biomass Combustion
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dc.subject
Simulation
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dc.title
Modelling of Energy Production from Alternative Fuels
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
c.andreadou@ihu.edu.gr
heal.classification
Engineering
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heal.classification
Bioscience
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse and refuse disposal--Environmental aspects.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass--Combustion
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass energy
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse as fuel
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Recycling (Waste, etc.)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy conservation
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass energy industries.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy security
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy policy--Greece
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.references
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[Online] Available at: http://www.cocosimulator.org [99] Ross Taylor, Harry Kooijman, Brett Walker, 2011. Modelling Luyben's Chemical Processes with COCO and ChemSep. [100] Ross Taylor, Clarkson University, Jasper van Baten, AmsterCHEM, 2010. Flowsheeting with COCO and ChemSep. [101] Handbook Chapter 3: CAPE - OPEN Flowsheet Simulations with ChemSep. [Online] Available at: http://www .chemsep.com [Accessed 10 September 2015]. [102] GCO - Final Technical report: Global CAPE - OPEN Delivering the power of component software and open standard interfaces in computer - aided process engineering. [Online] Available at: http://www.ims.org [Accessed 10 September 2015]. [103] ChemSep Modelling Separation Process. [Online] Available at: http://www.chemsep.org [Accessed 10 September 2015]. [104] Jasper van Baten AmsterCHEM, Delft, The Netherlands, Harry Kooijman and Ross Taylor Clarkson University. Why COCO or Do we really need another Flowsheeting progam, even if it is free?. [105] Richard Baur, Anja Olijve, Peter Nellen, Jas per van BatenGeneral. Introduction on CAPE OPEN Demo of the amine absorption model Demo of the hydrotreating model Demo of model prototyping toolboxes in Excel & MatLab CAPE - OPEN applications in Shell . [106] Jasper van Baten, Ross Taylo r, Harry Kooijman. Using Chemsep, COCO and other modeling tools for versatility in custom process modeling . [ 111 ] [107] Dr. Jasper van Baten. FLOWSHEET MONITORING: HOW, WHAT AND WHY? . [108] Maurizio Fermeglia, Gennaro Longo, Letitia Toma, 2008. COWAR: A CAPE OPEN Software Module for the Evaluation of Process Sustainability . [109] William M. Barrett Jr., Jasper van Batenb, Todd Martin, 2011. Implementation of the waste reduction (WAR) algorithm utilizing flowsheet monitoring . [110] Manuel Rodríguez, Adrián Sáiz, 2013. Industrial Methanol from Syngas: Kinetic Study and Process Simulation . [111] [126] John Vos, (2005), “Biomass Energy for Heating and Hot Wate r Supply in Belarus Best Practice Guidelines Part A: Biomass Combustion” [112] [127] UNEP Technical Study Report on “Biomass Fired Fluidized Bed Combustion Boiler Technology for Cogeneration” http://www.unep.org [113] European Biomass Industry Association http://www.eubia.org/index.php/about - biomass/combustion/medium - to - large - scale - combusters [114] [129] Qunxing Huang, Yong Chi, Nickolas J. Themelis, (2013) A Ra pidly Emerging WTE Technology: Circulating Fluid Bed Combustion [115] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 2015. Catalog of CHP Technologies . [116] E. Papachristou, H. Hadjianghelou, E. Darakas, K. Alivanis, A. Belou, D. Ioannidou, E. Paraskevopoulou, K. Poulios, A. Koukourikou, N. Kosmidou, K. Sortikos, 2009. Perspectives for integrated municipal solid waste management in Thessaloniki, Greece. [117] Feleskoura Christina, Papaioannou Eleni, 2004. Dissertation: Modern T echnologies of waste recycling, treatment and energy management of wastes. [118] I.S. Antonopoulos, A. Karagiannidis, E. Kalogirou, 2010. Estimation of Municipal Solid Waste Heating Values in Greece in the Frame of Formulating Appropriate Scenarios on Waste Treatment. [119] Nikolaos Mourouzidis, 2015. The challenge of waste management in Thessaloniki. [ 112 ] [120] Christopher J. Koroneos, Evanthia A. Nanaki, 2012. Integrated solid waste management and energy production - a life cycle assessment approach: the case study of the city of Thessaloniki. [121] C. Feleskoura, E. Papaioannou, 2004. Moder n MSW recycling Technologies, Managemend and Energy Treatment of MSW. [122] D.L. Granatstein. Technoeconomic Assessment of Fluidized Bed Combustors as Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators: A Summary of Six Case Studies. [123] Fluidized Bed Technology - Overview. [Online] Available at: http://energy.gov/fe/science [Accessed 22 November 2015]. [124] 2014. The Benefits of Supercritical Boilers. [Online] Available at: http://www.nationalboiler.com/ [Accessed 22 November 2015]. [125] CRES, 2001. Denmark: Current situation on CHP and biomass CHP in the national energy sector. [126] Biomass CHP Plant Reuthe, Reuthe Vorarlberg, Austria. [Online] Available at: www.vol.at/vkw [127] Regulation Energy Performance of Buildings - Ministry of Environment and Energy , n.d. Energy consumption in greek households. [Online] Available at: http://www.kenaktools.gr [128] Μunicipal Ente rprise of Sykies, 2007. Integrated Local Sustainable Development Programme municipality of Sykies, ThessalonikI
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
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heal.publicationDate
2016-02-26
heal.abstract
In the thesis, a Fluidized Bed Combustion Boiler Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plant for energy recovery from the Municipal Solid Wastes (MSW) for the city of Thessaloniki, modelled through the use of the COCO simulation software, is presented. Initially, the amount of MSW land disposal in the city of Thessaloniki is taken into consideration, regarding data from literature, in order for the annual biodegradable fraction of MSW to be estimated. Subsequently, a detailed research on the optimum Combined Heat and Power (CHP) facility between three cases of three different pressure types of boiler, is developed. Assuming that the biodegradable fraction of MSW would be separated before incineration process, and considering the probable amount of that fraction as well as its chemical composition and moisture content, a CHP plant model was constructed for each case, through COCO and the total amount of electrical and thermal energy that could be generated was estimated. The boilers pressures selected to be studied are 2MPa, 5MPa and 10MPa. Εach potential CHP plant consists of a high and a low pressure turbine, a condenser and a low pressure pump. Simulation models for these different cases have been developed and validated against available experimental data. The COCO results indicated similar total CHP efficiency of around 90% in all three cases, while the power extracted could cover an average of about 15% of the city’s total energy needs. A significant difference between these cases was detected in the thermal and electrical energy production, separately. The first case provides higher amount of thermal energy and covers thermal energy needs of 9.26% more than these of the third case. However, the latter covers the electrical energy needs of 29.3% more than the former, while in total energy needs it overweighs for almost 2%.
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heal.tableOfContents
1. Introduction 7 2. Municipal Wastes 15 2.1 Municipal Waste Definition 15 2.1.1 Municipal Solid Waste 15 2.1.2 Municipal Liquid Waste 16 2.2 Municipal Waste Treatment 17 2.2.1 Municipal Solid Waste Treatment 17 2.2.2 Municipal Wastewater Treatment 19 2.3 Municipal Wastes in Europe and Greece 21 2.3.1 Municipal Solid Waste Treatment in Greece 29 2.3.2 Municipal Wastewater Treatment in Greece 30 2.4 Energy from Waste in Europe 31 3. Renewable Biomass Energy 34 3.1 Biomass to Energy Conversion Technologies 36 3.1.1 Thermochemical Conversion 38 3.1.1.1 Biomass Combustion 39 3.1.1.2 Biomass Gasification 43 3.1.1.3 Biomass Pyrolysis 47 3.1.2 Biochemical Conversion 49 3.1.2.1 Anaerobic Digestion 50 3.1.2.2 Fermentation 53 4. COCO Simulator 54 4.1 The Software and its Components 54 4.1.1 COFE: CAPE-OPEN Flowsheeting Environment 56 4.1.2 TEA: Thermodynamics for Engineering Applications 57 4.1.3 COUSCOUS: CAPE-OPEN Library of Unit operations 58 4.1.4 CORN: CAPE-OPEN Reaction Numeric Package 58 4.1.5 CAPE-OPEN Applications 59 5. Combined Heat and Power Generation (CHP) 61 5.1 Simulation Overview 62 5.1.1 Fixed Bed Boiler 62 5.1.2 Fluidized Bed Boiler 63 5.1.3 Pulverized Bed Boiler 64 5.1.4 Efficiency 64 5.1.5 Operating Availability 64 5.2 Power Generation Technologies 65 5.2.1 Steam Turbine Technologies 65 6. Case Study 68 6.1 The situation in Greece 68 6.2 The case of Thessaloniki 69 6.2.1 Physical and Chemical Characteristics of MSW in Thessaloniki 71 6.2.2 MSW Combustion 72 6.3 Fluidized Bed Boiler CHP in Thessaloniki 75 6.3.1 Fluidized Bed Boiler 75 6.3.2 Steam Turbines 76 6.3.3 Condenser 77 6.4 Fluidized Bed Boiler CHP in Thessaloniki-COCO Simulation 78 6.5 COCO Simulation Results 96 7. Conclusion 99 Bibliography 102
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heal.advisorName
Martinopoulos, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Heracleous, Eleni
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heal.committeeMemberName
Sardi, Katerina
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
113
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heal.spatialCoverage
"Thessaloniki"
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heal.spatialCoverage
"Greece"
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heal.temporalCoverage
"2015"
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