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dc.contributor.author
Kesidou, Oxana
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-08T09:09:48Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-09T00:00:15Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05-08
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14508
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Tourism
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dc.subject
Sustainable tourism
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dc.subject
Impacts
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dc.subject
Seasonality
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dc.subject
Climate
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dc.subject
Eco-business
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dc.title
Seasonality in tourism
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
r.kesidou@hotmail.com
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Tourism--Seasonal variations
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Tourist trade--Seasonal variations
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Sustainable development--Greece
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Management--Environmental aspects.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Business enterprises--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Industries--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Tourism--Environmental aspects
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.references
Baldacchino, G 2006, Extreme tourism: lessons from the world’s cold water islands, Boulevard. Baum, T & Lundtrop, S 2001, Seasonality in tourism, Routledge. Belk, R, 2006, Handbook of qualitative research methods in marketing, MPG Books Ltd. Bramwell, B 2004, Coastal mass tourism: Diversification and sustainable development in Southern Europe, Channel View Publications. Cooper, Ch, Fletcher, J, Fya ll, A, Gilbert, D & Wanhill, S 2008, Tourism: principles and practices, 4 th edition, Pearson Education Limited. Font, X & Buckley, R.C 2001, Tourism Ecolabelling: Certification and Promotion of Sustainable Management, CABI Publishing. Graham, A, Papatheod orou, A & Forsyth P 2010, Aviation and Tourism: Implications for Leisure Travel, Ashgate Publishing Limited. Hinch, T & Higham, J 2011, Sport tourism development, 2nd edition, Channel view publications. Holden, A 2008, Environment and Tourism, 2nd edition, Routledge. Holden, A 2013, Tourism, Poverty and Development, Routledge. Honey, M 2008, Ecotourism and Sustainable Development, Second Edition: Who Owns Paradise?, Island Press. Hudman, L & Jackson, R 2003, Geography of travel & tourism, 4 th edition, Thoms on Learning, Inc. Hughes, M, Weaver, D & Pforr, C 2015, The practice of sustainable tourism: Resolving the Paradox, Routledge. Jafari, J., (ed) 2000, The Encyclopedia of tourism, Routledge, London. ISBN 0415154057 (Associate Editor). Keskitalo, C 2010, Dev eloping adaption policy and practice in Europe: multi - level governance of climate change, Springer. Knoepfel, P 2007, Environmental policy analyses: learning from the past for the future, Springer. Leslie, D 2012, Tourism enterprises and the sustainability agenda across Europe, Ashgate Publishing Limited. Page, S & Connell, J 2006, Tourism: a modern synthesis,2 nd edition, ISBN 978 - 1 - 84480 - 198 - 5, Thomson Learning Parsa, H, Narapareddy, V 2015, Sustainability, social responsibility, and innovations in the hos pitality industry, CRC Press. Patricia A. Adler, Peter Adler 2004, Paradise Laborers: Hotel work in the global economy, Cornell University Press, USA. Rasmussen, R & Koroleva, N 2003, Social and Environmental impacts in the North, Springer Science + Busine ss Media Dordrecht. Reddy, M & and Wilkes, K 2013, Tourism, Climate change and sustainability, Routledge. 54 Scott, D, Hall, C & Gossling, S 2012, Tourism and Climate change: Impacts, adaption and mitigation, Routledge. Spilsbury, R 2012, Discover Greece, Ros en Publishing Group, Inc. UNWTO 2008, Climate change and tourism - Responding to global challenges, World Tourism Organization Vijay, M & Wilkes, K 2015, Tourism in the green economy, Routledge. Weiermair, K & Pechlaner, H & Bieger , T 2006, Time shift, Leisure and Tourism, Erich Schmidt Verlag. Articles Jin Young Chung 2009, SEASONALITY IN TOURISM: A REVIEW, e - Review of Tourism Research (eRTR), Vol. 7, No. 5, 2009 Saban Esen & Hande Uyar, COMPETITIVENESS OF TOURISM AND THE EVALUATION OF TURKEY ACCORDING INTERNATIONAL TOURISM COMPETITIVE CRITERIA Studies and Reports 1st International Conference on Climate Change and Tourism Djerba, Tunisia, 9 - 11 April 2003 Climate Change Impacts in Greece Report, Bank of Greece, 2011 Deutsche Bank Research: Energy and climate change, 2008 Lee, Ch, Bergin - Seers, S, Galloway, G, O’Mahony, B & Mc Murray, A 2008: Seasonality in the tourism industry: impacts and strategies, CRC for Sustainable Tourism Pty Ltd. Papagianaki, K, Lagouvardos, K , Kotroni, V, National Observatory of Athens: Ανάλυση επιπτώσεων καιρικών φαινο μ ένων την περίοδο 2001 - 2011 στην Ελλάδα , 2012 UNWTO Tourist Highlights (2015 edition): http://www.e - unwto.o rg/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284416899 W orld Travel & Tourism Council: The authority on world travel & tourism: Economic impacts 2015 Greece: https://www.wttc.org Websites Eurostat: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics - explained/index.php/Seasonality_in_tourism_demand Holiday weather: http://www.holiday - weather.com/ ISO: www.iso.org SETE: www.sete.gr
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heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Environmental Management and Sustainability
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heal.publicationDate
2016-02-28
heal.bibliographicCitation
Oxana Kesidou, Seasonality in tourism, School of economics, business administration & legal studies/Sustainable Development, International Hellenic University, 2016
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heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the MSc in Sustainable Development at the International Hellenic University. The thesis examines the concept of seasonality in tourism, focusing on Greece, its drivers and its impacts on the accommodation sector and local communities. Furthermore, methods/actions that can be applied to prolong the high-demand period are proposed. Also, stakeholders’ perception towards the implementation of “green policies” and eco-businesses is analyzed. A mixed-method approach was chosen, which combines qualitative and quantitative data. First, interviews from owners/managers were taken, and then a questionnaire, based on their answers, was designed to capture residents’ opinions towards this phenomenon. The results showed that weather is believed to be the main driver of seasonality, as the country offers mainly 3S (sea, sand and sun) experience. Moreover, negative changes in the average weather conditions have been noticed. With respect to actions, the majority of hotels use the method of the package offer for business and leisure travelers to extend the season and attract travelers, while local authorities are not active in promoting their regions. Another interesting finding is that all businesses claim that are environmentally sensitive and apply “green policies”, but they are not interested in being certified, thus no clear relationship between attitudes and actions was found. On the other hand, responders demand more sustainable operations and agree that they prefer eco-businesses. Consequently the study shows that establishments must be informed about the benefits they can acquire if they decide to certify their business, and that public and private sector must combine their forces to reduce seasonality.
en
heal.tableOfContents
3 CONTENTS Abstract ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 2 Chapter 1 - INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ............................ 7 1.1 Introduction ................................ ................................ ................................ . 7 1.2 Statement of the problem ................................ ................................ ........... 7 1.3 Aims and objectives of the study ................................ ................................ . 7 1.4 Limitations of study ................................ ................................ ...................... 8 1.5 Structure of the study ................................ ................................ .................. 8 Chapter 2 - LITERATURE REVIEW ................................ ................................ .................... 9 2.1 Tourism and seasonality ................................ ................................ .............. 9 2.2 Forms and causes of seasonality ................................ ............................... 10 2.3 The effects of seasonality ................................ ................................ .......... 12 2.4 Management Strategies ................................ ................................ ............. 14 2.5 Climate change, weather and tourism ................................ ....................... 17 2.5.1 Physical and Economic Impacts ................................ .............................. 17 2.5.2 Climate change: European and Mediterranean Region ......................... 19 2.53 Climate change: The case of Greece ................................ ........................ 20 2.6 General view of tourism ................................ ................................ ............. 21 2.6.1 Monthly share of Trips and Nights ................................ .......................... 22 2.6.2 Length of Trips - duration ................................ ................................ ........ 22 2.6.3 Domestic and Outbound trips ................................ ................................ . 23 2.6.4 Professional and Personal trips ................................ .............................. 24 2.6.5 Purpose of the trip ................................ ................................ .................. 24 2.6.6 Peak month for trips of EU residents ................................ ...................... 25 2.6.7 Trips during the peak month and the weakest month ........................... 26 2.6.8 Peak months for tourism nights of EU residents ................................ .... 27 2.6.9 Average length of stay ................................ ................................ ............ 28 2.6.10 Age groups - Elder travelers ................................ ................................ ... 29 2.6.12 Participation of children ................................ ................................ ....... 31 2.7 Tourism in Greece ................................ ................................ ...................... 32 2.7.1 Seasonality in Greece ................................ ................................ .............. 33 2.7.2 Green Tourism in Greece ................................ ................................ ........ 34 Chapter 3 - METHODOLOGY ................................ ................................ ......................... 38 3.1 Research approach ................................ ................................ ..................... 38 4 3.2 Data collection and sampling ................................ ................................ ..... 38 Chapter 4 - RESULTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 39 4.1 Interviews ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 39 4.2 Questionnaire Answers ................................ ................................ .............. 42 4. 2.1 Demographic characteristics of responders ................................ ........... 42 4.2.2 Seasonality ................................ ................................ .............................. 43 4.2.3 Negative Environmental Impacts ................................ ............................ 43 4.2.3.1 Increase in criminal activities ................................ ............................... 43 4.2.3.2 Increased prices of products and services ................................ ........... 44 4.2.3.3 Increased demand for public services ................................ ................. 45 4.2.3.4 Air and noise pollution increase ................................ .......................... 45 4.2.3.5 Environmental damage caused by tourists’ activities ......................... 46 4.2.3.6 Use of natural resources ................................ ................................ ...... 46 4.2.3.7 Most Significant Negative Impact ................................ ........................ 47 4.2.4 Climate change ................................ ................................ ........................ 47 4.2.5 Businesses and the Environment ................................ ............................ 48 4.2.6 Responders’ opinions about eco - friendly businesses ............................ 49 4.2.7 Tourism’s Contribution ................................ ................................ ........... 49 4.2.8 Actions to increase the length of the tourism season ............................ 50 4.9 Summary of results ................................ ................................ .................... 50 Chapte r 5 - CONCLUSIONS ................................ ................................ ............................ 52 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 53 APPENDIX ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 55
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heal.advisorName
Sartzetakis, Eftichios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Mavragani, Eleni
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heal.committeeMemberName
Christou, Evangelos
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
61
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heal.spatialCoverage
Greece
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