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dc.contributor.author
Giovanopoulou, Eleni
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-13T11:05:53Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-14T00:00:25Z
dc.date.issued
2016-05-13
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14533
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
climate, renewable energy sources, biomass, municipal waste
en
dc.title
Regulatory Framework Of Energy Recovery From Municipal Solid Waste
en
heal.type
masterThesis
el
heal.creatorID.email
elenigiovan@gmail.com
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Climate change.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Renewable energy sources--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass energy
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass energy industries.
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Waste Management--methods
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Biomass energy--Law and legislation
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.references
Legislation International - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Draft Decision/CP.15, FCCC/CP/2009/L.7, 18.12.2009 - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties/CP.16, FC CC/CP/2010/7/Add.1, 15.3.2011 - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations, as amended in 2012 European - Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste , L 182,16/07/1999 P. 0001 - 0019 - Dir. 2001/77/EC of the Eu ropean Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market, L 283/34/27.10.2001 - Dir. 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 Oct ober 2001 on the limitation of emission of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants, Official Journal L 309, 27.11.2001, P. 0001 - 0021 - Decision 2002/358/EC Council Decision of 25 April 2002 concerning the approval, on behalf of the Europ ean Community, of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the joint fulfillment of commitments t hereunder OJ L 130 of 15.5.2002 - Dir. 2003/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2003 concer ning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 96/92/EC, L 176/37/15.07.2003 - Dir 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste, Official Journal L 332, 28.12.2000, P. 0091 - 0111 - Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives, EE L 312/3/22.11.2008 - Dir. 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the prom otion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, L 140/16/5.6.2009 National - Law 1650/1986 - Law 2939/2001 for packages and alternative treatment of packages and other products ( ΦΕΚ 179/A/6.8.2001) - ministerial decision 29407/3508/2002 for measures and conditions for waste landfilling, ΦΕΚ 1572/ Β /2002 - 32 - - KYA 22912/1117/2005 ( ΦΕΚ 759/ Β /06.06.2005 ) on measures and conditions for the prevention and limitation of environmental pollution caused by waste incineration - KYA 29457/1511/2005 on measures and conditions for the limitation of emission of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants ( ΦΕΚ 992/B/2005 ) - L aw 3468/2006 on electricity generation from RES and cogeneratio n of high efficiency/performance heat and power ( ΦΕΚ 129/A/27.06.2006) - Δ 6/ Φ 1/ οικ .5707/13.03.2007( ΦΕΚ 448/ Β /2007 ) - A.Y./ Φ 1/ οικ .19598/2010 ( ΦΕΚ 1630/11.10.2010) Documents - E uropean Commission Communication (2009), The Renewable Energy Progress Report - Commu nication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions – Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon l eakage, SEC(2010) 650/COM/2010/0265 final - Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions, A Roadmap for moving to a competitive carbon economy in 2050, COM(2011) 112 final, 8.3.2011 - Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions, Energy Efficiency Plan 2011, COM(2011) 109 final, 8.3.2011 - EUBIONET III, S olutions for biomass fuel market barriers and raw material availability, 2011 - Commission Staff Working Document, European Commission guidance for the design of renewable support schemes Accompanying the document Communication from the Commission Delivering the internal market in electricity and making the most of public intervention, SWD(2013) 439 final, 5.11.2013 - Study on the competitiveness of the EU Renewable Energy Industry ( both products and services ), Policy Analysis and Sector Summaries, 31 July 20 14, European Commission. - Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, the Committee of the Regions and the European Investment Bank, A Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward - Looking Climate Change Policy, COM(2015) 80 final, 25.2.2015 - International Energy Agency, Annual Report 2012 - The European Wind Energy Association, Annual Report 2012 - RAE Proposal for the new Regulation on RES stations and station which gene rate at the same time both electricity and heat at high capacity utilization rates Articles - Diakoulaki Danai, The Energy Sector in Greece during the crisis: challenges and perspectives - 33 - - Doerte Fouquet ; Johansson, Thomas, European renewable energy policy at crossroads, Energy Policy 36 (2008) p. 4079 - 4092 - Doerte Fouquet, Prices for Renewable Energies in Europe: Report 2011 - 2012 and Report 2009, EREF - European Environment Agency Briefing No. 02/2005 “How much biomass can Europe use without harming the environme nt?” , ISSN 1830 - 2246 - Mirkou Katerina, Energy produced by Secondary Fuels (RDF/SRF) - Tsola Sofia, Biomass and Renewable Sources of Energy as the Way to Deal With Energy Problem Websites - http: //europa.eu/rapid/press - release_IP - 14 - 327_en.htm (last visited on 30.01.2016) - www.oecd.org (last visited on 30.01.2016) - http ://www.eea.europa.eu/data - and - maps/indicators/#c5=waste&c0=10&b_start=0 (last visited on 30.01.2016) - www.rae.gr (last visited on 30.01.2016)
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law
el
heal.publicationDate
2016-03-02
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the MSc in LLM in Transnational and European Commercial Law, Mediation, Arbitration and Energy Law at the International Hellenic University. The climate change has been depressing the latest years leading countries’ governors to take up actions in order to prevent it. Considering that human activities cause the problem, they concentrated on greenhouse gas emissions. This general target further presupposes the transformation into a low carbon economy, the use of green energy and the effective management of municipal waste. It was recognized from the early beginning that the use of energy from renewable energy sources was the solution. The EU adopted a number of regulations to this direction, the most outstanding of which are the RES, the Landfill and the Waste Management Directives. The technologies were immature and, therefore, costly, so incentives were given to the investors. Soon the use of RES expanded taking advantage of new technologies. The more controversial was proved the biomass. Although it serves many benefits, it is even more expensive and raises environmental issues. Environmental organizations, in particular in Greece, bring actions against energy generation from municipal waste, impeding its development. As a result, Greek legislation evades to regulate the municipal solid waste as RES, which is contrary to European legislation and worldwide practices. Concluding, there is no due reason neither for the environmental revolution nor for the governments’ inaction since there are numerous regulations for environmental protection capable to prevent any hazardous effects. Concluding, Greek legislation should include provisions regulating municipal solid waste as RES. (Abstract: 227 words)
en
heal.tableOfContents
ABSTRACT ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... III PREFACE ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... IV CONTENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ........................ V INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 1 REVIEW OF EU CLIMATE – ENERGY POLICIES ................................ ................................ .. 3 I NTERNATIONA L LEVEL ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 3 E UROPEAN L EVEL ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 4 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOU RCES ................................ ................................ ....................... 7 D EFINING R ENEWABLE E NERGY S OURCES ................................ ................................ ............. 7 A DVANTAGES - D ISADVANTAGES ................................ ................................ ......................... 7 INCENTIVES ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 9 EU P OSITION ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 9 T HE M EMBER S TATES ROLE ................................ ................................ ................................ 9 P RACTICES TO BE AVOID ED ................................ ................................ ............................... 11 BIOMASS ................................ ................................ ................................ ......................... 13 B IOMASS DEFINITION ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 13 C OMPARED TO OTHER RES ................................ ................................ .............................. 14 WASTE MANAGEMENT ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 17 T HE L ANDFILL D IRECTIVE ................................ ................................ ................................ . 17 Regulatory Evolvement ................................ ................................ .................... 17 Benefits of Vertically Integrated System ................................ .......................... 18 T HE W ASTE M ANAGEMENT D IRECTIVE ................................ ................................ .............. 19 P ROCESS OF W ASTE T REATMENT ................................ ................................ ...................... 20 AUTHORISATION OF BIO MASS STATION ................................ ................................ ....... 21 G REEK N ATIONAL R EGIME ................................ ................................ ............................... 21 T HE I NCONSISTENC IES O CCURRED ................................ ................................ ..................... 22 T HE C ONSEQUENCES ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 24 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ................................ ................................ .............................. 27 CONC LUSIONS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 29 BIBLIOGRAPHY ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 31 L EGISLATION ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 31 International ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 31 European ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 31 National ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 31 D OCUMENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 32 A RTICLES ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 32 W EBSITES ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 33
en
heal.advisorName
Prof.Dr. Kaissis, Athanassios
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Panagos, Theodoros
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Komnios, Komninos
en
heal.academicPublisher
IHU
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
el
heal.numberOfPages
41
el


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