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dc.contributor.author
Kevrekidou, Maria
en
dc.date.accessioned
2016-12-02T07:50:06Z
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dc.date.available
2016-12-03T01:00:16Z
dc.date.issued
2016-12-02
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dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/14564
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dc.rights
Default License
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dc.subject
Pay - As - You - Throw (PAYT)
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dc.subject
Sustainable waste management
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dc.subject
Public perception
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dc.subject
Economic instrument
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dc.title
Exploring the public views concerning the introduction of “Pay-As-You-Throw” waste management systems in Greece
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heal.type
masterThesis
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heal.creatorID.email
m.kevrekidou@ihu.edu.gr
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heal.classification
Sustainable Development
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse and refuse disposal
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse and refuse disposal--Economic aspects
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Recycling (Waste, etc.)--Economic aspects
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Environmental economics
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Waste minimization
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heal.language
en
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
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(201 0) ‘Social factors influencing perceptions and willingness to pay for a market - based policy aiming on solid waste management’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling , vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 533 – 540. - 57 - Jones, N., Sophoulis, C. M., Iosifides, T., Botetzagias, I. a nd Evangelinos, K. (2009) ‘The influence of social capital on environmental policy instruments’, Environmental Politics , vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 595 – 611. Karagiannidis, A., Xirogiannopoulou, A. and Tchobanoglous, G. (2008) ‘Full cost accounting as a tool for t he financial assessment of Pay - As - You - Throw schemes: a case study for the Panorama municipality, Greece’, Waste management (New York, N.Y.) , vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2801 – 2808. Karkanias, C., Malamakis, A., Kontogianni, S., Somakos, L., Chatzistelios, G., Chas apidi, T., Tsalidis, S., Lykourentzos, C., Aravosis, K., Tatsiopoulos, S. and Moussiopoulos, N. (14 - 18th 2015) Pay - As - You - Throw project: monitoring the aspects of implementation, fifth International Conference on Environmental Management, Engineering, Plan ning and Economics (CEMEPE) and to the SECOTOX Conference [Online]. Available at http:// aix.meng.auth.gr /~ ckarkanias/ PAYTwebpage%20files/ CEMEPE_PAYT.pdf (Accessed 3rd March 2016). Le Bozec, A. (2008) ‘The implementation of PAYT system under the condit ion of financial balance in France’, Waste management (New York, N.Y.) , vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2786 – 2792. Linderhof, V., Kooreman, P., Allers, M. and Wiersma, D. (2001) ‘Weight - based pricing in the collection of household waste: the Oostzaan case’, Resource and Energy Economics , vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 359 – 371. Malamakis, A., Karagiannidis, A. and Perkoulidis, G. (2009) SIMULATION AND ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVE PAY - AS - YOU - THROW SCENARIOS AIMING AT MAXIMIZING MUNICIPAL WASTE DIVERSION BY THE RESULTING DIRECT PROMOT ION OF MINIMIZATION AND RECOVERY SCHEMES [Online], Twelfth International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium. Available at https:// www.researchgate.net / publication/ 200752595_Simulation_and_assessment_of_alternative_pay - as - you - throw_scenarios_aiming _at_maximizing_municipal_waste_diversion_by_the_resulting _direct_promotion_of_minimization_and_recovery_schemes (Accessed 6th January 2016). - 58 - Miranda, M. L., Bauer, S. D. and Aldy, J. E. (1996) Unit Pricing Programs for Residential Municipal Solid Waste: An Assessment of the Literature [Online]. Available at https:// yosemite.epa.gov / ee/ epa/ eerm.nsf/ vwAN/ EE - 0305 - 1.pdf/ $file/ EE - 0305 - 1.pdf (Accessed 3rd May 2016). OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (2004) Addressing the Economi cs of Waste [Online], Paris, OECD Publishing. 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heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Environmental Management and Sustainability
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heal.publicationDate
2016-11-17
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heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the MSc in Sustainable Development at the International Hellenic University. “Pay-As-You-Throw” waste management systems have long been implemented by various communities globally as a means to effectively inspire waste prevention and enhance waste diversion and recycling. While waste generation in Greece is constantly rising, the current legal framework, on the one hand, still requires the application of a flat-rate waste management system and, on the other hand, binds the country to specific quantitative targets and timeframes for the alternative management of municipal waste. The present thesis considers it’s timely to identify individuals’ perceptions as well as possible factors influencing public reception of three versions of the alternative waste management system prior to their implementation in Greece. Furthermore, the current study aims to investigate individuals’ opinion about the effective treatment of phenomena of illegal waste dumping, once a PAYT is in place. The PAYT alternatives included in the study were a) the volume-based bag program, b) the punch card weight-based system and c) the weight-based bin per property scheme. Study results reveal a wide public acceptance of the introduced waste management program but low levels of trust both towards municipalities for the effective implementation of any of the three PAYT versions and towards fellow citizens for adhering to the operating rules of the alternative waste management system. Several factors influencing individuals’ acceptance of “Pay-As-You-Throw” waste management systems have been identified and citizens’ views on how to effectively safeguard the operation of the introduced alternative system have been recorded, thus providing competent authorities with valuable information for a meticulous planning of the program prior to its actual implementation.
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heal.tableOfContents
Contents Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... - 2 - Acknowledgments ........................................................................................................................... - 3 - Contents .......................................................................................................................................... - 4 - List of Tables .................................................................................................................................... - 5 - List of Figures .................................................................................................................................. - 5 - Introduction .................................................................................................................................... - 6 - 1 “Pay as you throw” schemes ................................................................................................. - 12 - 1.1 PAYT scheme variations ................................................................................................ - 13 - 1.2 PAYT assessment ........................................................................................................... - 14 - 1.3 PAYT strengths .............................................................................................................. - 18 - 1.4 PAYT weaknesses .......................................................................................................... - 19 - 1.5 Prerequisites and motivators for PAYT implementation .............................................. - 23 - 2 Methods ................................................................................................................................ - 27 - 2.1 Description of research ................................................................................................. - 27 - 2.2 Research design ............................................................................................................ - 28 - 3 Results ................................................................................................................................... - 32 - 3.1 Perceptions regarding the proposed policy .................................................................. - 32 - 3.2 Perceptions on municipal authorities’ effectiveness .................................................... - 33 - 3.3 Perceptions on the behavior of fellow citizens ............................................................. - 35 - 3.4 Perceptions regarding interviewees’ own behavior ..................................................... - 36 - 3.5 Correlations ................................................................................................................... - 37 - 3.6 Principal components analysis ...................................................................................... - 41 - 3.7 Associations ................................................................................................................... - 46 - Discussion and Conclusions .......................................................................................................... - 48 - References..................................................................................................................................... - 53 - Appendix ....................................................................................................................................... - 61 - List of Tables Table 1 Spearman's rank-order correlation results and corresponding significance levels ......... - 38 - Table 2 Spearman's rank-order correlation results and corresponding significance levels ......... - 39 - Table 3 Spearman's rank-order correlation results and corresponding significance levels ......... - 40 - Table 4 Spearman's rank-order correlation results and corresponding significance levels ......... - 41 - Table 5 Rotated Component Matrix(a) for volume-based bag PAYT scheme .............................. - 42 - Table 6 Rotated Component Matrix(a) for punch-card weight-based PAYT scheme ................... - 43 - Table 7 Rotated Component Matrix(a) on weight-based bin-per-property PAYT scheme........... - 44 - Table 8 Rotated Component Matrix(a) – Comparative presentation of PCA results ................... - 46 - Table 9 Sample and general Greek population's demographic characteristics in percentages ... - 61 - List of Figures Figure 1 Acceptance of "PAYT" ..................................................................................................... - 32 - Figure 2 Agreement with "PAYT" implementation ....................................................................... - 32 - Figure 3 Ranking of "PAYT" alternatives ....................................................................................... - 33 - Figure 4 Levels of trust towards municipality ............................................................................... - 34 - Figure 5 Effective treatment of illegal waste dumping ................................................................. - 35 - Figure 6 Compliance of fellow citizens .......................................................................................... - 36 - Figure 7 Interviewees' own behavior vs system offenders ........................................................... - 37 -
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heal.advisorName
Botetzagias, Iosif
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heal.committeeMemberName
Herlyn, Estelle L.A.
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heal.committeeMemberName
Banias, Georgios
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
61
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heal.spatialCoverage
Greece
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heal.temporalCoverage
2016
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