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dc.contributor.author
Alexandru, Dana-Alina
en
dc.date.accessioned
2017-03-17T12:03:16Z
dc.date.available
2017-03-20T01:00:15Z
dc.date.issued
2017-03-17
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/15185
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Energy consumption
en
dc.subject
Heating Degree Days
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dc.subject
UHI
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dc.title
“ INVESTIGATION OF THE CORRELATION BETWEEN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE, ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN THE BUILDING SECTOR AND THE ECONOMY RECESSION”
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heal.type
masterThesis
el
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Urban heat island
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Greenhouse gases
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Households--London (England)-- Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Dwellings--London (England)-- Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Degree days--London (England)
heal.language
en
el
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
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heal.references
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Champion, Tony. “Urbanization, suburbanization counter urbanization and reurbanization”. Handbo ok of urban studies 160 (2001):1. 8. Oke, T. R., et al. "Simulation of surface urban heat islands under ‘ideal ‘conditions at night part 2: diagnosis of causation." Boundary - Layer Meteorology 56.4 (1991): 339 - 358 9. Hacker, Jake, Stephen E. Belcher, and Richenda K. Connell. Beating the heat. UK Climate Impacts Programme, (2005) 10. Landsberg, Helmut E. The urban climate. Vol. 28. Academic press, (1981) 11. Watkins, Richard, et al. "The London Heat Island: results from summertime monitoring." Building Services Engineerin g Research and Technology 23.2 (2002): 97 - 106 12. Givoni, Baruch. Climate considerations in building and urban design. John Wiley & Sons, (1998) 71 13. Chandler, TJ. “The climate of London”, 1st ed. Hutchinson & Co (Publishers) Ltd. (1965) 14. Street, Michael, et al. "Ur ban heat island in Boston – an evaluation of urban air - temperature models for predicting building energy use." Proceedings of BS2013: 13th Conference of International Building Per - formance Simulation Association, August. (2013). 15. Kolokotroni, Maria, I. Gianni tsaris, and Richard Watkins. "The effect of the London urban heat island on building summer cooling demand and night ventilation strategies." Solar Energy 80.4 (2006): 383 - 392. 16. Mavrogianni, Anna, et al. "The comfort, energy and health implications of Londo n’s urban heat island." Building Services Engineering Research and Technology (2011) 17. Giannopoulou, K., et al. "On the characteristics of the summer urban heat island in Athens, Greece." Sustainable Cities and Society 1.1 (2011): 16 - 28 18. Akbari, Hashem, Melvi n Pomerantz, and Haider Taha. "Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air quality in urban areas." Solar energy 70.3 (2001): 295 - 310. 19. Huang, Y. J., et al. "The potential of vegetation in reducing summer cooling loads in residential buildings." Journal of climate and Applied Meteorology 26.9 (1987): 1103 - 1116 20. Moral - Carcedo, Julian, and Jose Vicens - Otero. "Modelling the non - linear response of Spanish electricity demand to temperature variations." Energy economics 27.3 (2005): 477 - 494 21. S antamouris, Mattheos, and Dionysia Kolokotsa. "On the impact of urban overheating and extreme climatic conditions on housing, energy, comfort and environmental quality of vulnerable population in Europe." Energy and Buildings98 (2015): 125 - 133. 22. Psiloglou, B. E., et al. "Factors affecting electricity demand in Athens, Greece and London, UK: A comparative assessment." Energy 34.11 (2009): 1855 - 1863 23. Hirano, Y., and T. Fujita. "Evaluation of the impact of the urban heat island on residential and commercial ener gy consumption in Tokyo." Energy 37.1 (2012): 371 - 383. 72 24. Kolokotroni, Maria, et al. 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Santam ouris, Mattew, et al. "On the relation between the energy and social characteristics of the residential sector." Energy and Buildings 39.8 (2007): 893 - 905 30. Santamouris, Mathew, et al. "Financial crisis and energy consumption: a household survey in Greece." Energy and Buildings 65 (2013): 477 - 487. 31. Emery, A. F., and C. J. Kippenhan. "A long - term study of residential home heating consumption and the effect of occupant behavior on homes in the Pacific Northwest constructed according to improved thermal standards ." Energy 31.5 (2006): 677 - 693. 32. Asafu - Adjaye, John. "The relationship between energy consumption, energy prices and economic growth: time series evidence from Asian developing countries." Energy economics 22.6 (2000): 615 - 625. 33. Emery, A. F., and C. J. Kippe nhan. "A long term study of residential home heating consumption and the effect of occupant behavior on homes in the Pacific Northwest constructed according to improved thermal standards." Energy 31.5 (2006): 677 - 693. 34. Ewart, W. "Report on the counties of London and Middlesex." The Climate and Baths of Great Britain (1902). 35. London Heat Map: www.london.gov.uk 73 36. Arnold, Charles Y. "Maximum - minimum temperatures as a basis for computing heat units." Proceedings. American S ociety for Horticultural Science. Vol. 76. (1960). 37. Baskerville, G. L., and P. Emin. "Rapid estimation of heat accumulation from maximum and minimum temperatures." Ecology 50.3 (1969): 514 - 517 38. Christenson, M., H. Manz, and D. Gyalistras. "Climate warming im pact on degree - days and building energy demand in Switzerland." Energy Conversion and Management 47.6 (2006): 671 - 686. 39. Quayle, Robert G., and Henry F. Diaz. "Heating degree day data applied to residential heating energy consumption." Journal of Applied Met eorology 19.3 (1980): 241 - 246. 40. Papakostas, Konstantinos, and Nicolaos Kyriakis. "Heating and cooling degree - hours for Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece." Renewable Energy 30.12 (2005): 1873 - 1880. 41. Matzarakis, Andreas, and Christos Balafoutis. "Heating degree‐days over Greece as an index of energy consumption." International Journal of Climatology 24.14 (2004): 1817 - 1828. 42. Office for National Statistics (2011), Communities and Local Government; 43. European Environment Agency (2010), “Consumption and Environm ent – State and Outlook”; 44. Papakostas, Konstantinos, Georgios Martinopoulos, and Alexandros Tsimpoukis. "Estimating Heating and Cooling Degree Days through an Urban Environment Using Publicly Available Sensors." Applied Mechanics and Materials. Vol. 659. Tr ans Tech Publications, ( 2014 ) 45. EPA, IPCC (2007). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis . Exit Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. C ambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.] 46. Ener gy Performance of Buildings Directive (2013): European Commission 74 47. Hamilton, Ian G., et al. "The significance of the anthropogenic heat emissions of London's buildings: A comparison against captured shortwave solar radiation." Building and Environment 44.4 (2009): 807 - 817. 48. Pearson, Peter, and Jim Watson. "UK Energy Policy 1980 - 2010: A history and lessons to be learnt." (2012). 49. DECC. Digest of UK Energy statistics 2014. London: Department of Energy and Climate Change;(2014) 50. DECC, UK. "The Future of Heating: A Strategic Framework for Low Carbon Heat in the UK." (2012). 51. Dresner, Simon, and Paul Ekins. "Economic instruments to improve UK home energy efficiency without negative social impacts." Fiscal Studies 27.1 (2006): 47 - 74
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heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Building Design
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heal.publicationDate
2017-03-17
heal.abstract
The present dissertation has been written as part of the MSc in Energy Building Design at the International Hellenic University - intake 2015 - 2016. The subject of the thesis is to investigate the Urban Heat Island Effect (UHI), as well as the possible relationship between ambient temperature, energy consumption in residential housing and the income of each household in different boroughs of London. All the necessary data has been downloaded from public available meteorological stations, the World Bank Data and the Greater London authority webpage . Urban Heat Island represent s a phenomenon present in most of the cit ies that ha ve high densely buil t areas, high percentage of anthropogenic heat and CO 2 and Green House Gas es emissions. The data found was used to observe the difference of the heating degree days in different area s of the city of London . The data has been collected daily for a period of more than 6 years in some cases . From th e heating period ( October until April ) the heating degree days were calculated for a number of different locations in London and compare d to the station located in the center of the city. The 25 weather station s that were used had data available from 2010. After observing the difference between the area s , a correlation between the heating period and energy consumption has been noticed . UHI is prese nt in the city of London and it’s causing variation of temperature across the city affecting the energy consumption in buildings. The results showed that energy consumption is high ly correlated with temperature and income. Indeed, a supposition can be made for the city of London, as the citizens of the suburban area tend to move into the center that it is in continuous development
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heal.tableOfContents
CONTENTS ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 4 FIGURES ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 5 TABLES ................................ ................................ ................................ .............. 6 1. INTRODUCTION ................................ ................................ ............................. 7 2. LITERATURE REVIEW ................................ ................................ ................... 11 2.1. URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT ................................ ................................ ................ 11 2.2.ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND TEMPERATURE ................................ ..................... 18 2.3.ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMY ................................ ............................ 25 2.4. CLIMATE OF LONDON ................................ ................................ .......................... 29 2.5.DEGREE DAYS ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 33 3. METHODOLOGY AND DATA COLLECTION ................................ .................. 40 3.1. HEATING/COOLING DEGREE DAYS ................................ ................................ ...... 40 3.2. COMPARISON BETWE EN THE STATIONS ................................ ............................. 43 3.3. ENERGY CONSUMPTION CORRELATED WITH HDD AND INCOME ....................... 54 4. RESULTS - CONCLUSIONS ................................ ................................ ............. 6 8 Reference: ................................ ................................ ................................ ...... 70 APENDIX: ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 75
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heal.advisorName
Martinopoulos, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Martinopoulos, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dergiades, Theologos
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heal.committeeMemberName
Zachariadis, Theodoros
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
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heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
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heal.numberOfPages
76
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heal.spatialCoverage
London
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