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dc.contributor.author
Soulios, Vasileios
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-06-03T08:07:07Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T05:56:35Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06-03
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/151
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Production of electricity from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
heal.publicationDate
2014-10
heal.bibliographicCitation
Soulios Vasileios,2014 , Production of electricity from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW),Master's Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as a part of the MSc in Energy Systems of the International Hellenic University. Nowadays a more rational waste management stream is considered necessary due to the environmental, economic and social demand. The willingness for the minimization of the accumulated waste and the increased energy demand led to the development of the third generation waste management systems. Such systems are the Waste to Energy facilities which are considered friendly for the environment and the society. This dissertation studies the transformation of two Greek islands Skopelos and Kos in a third generation waste management stream with recovery of energy. Moreover, it is included a detailed research on which is the optimum waste to energy technology between combustion, gasification and anaerobic digestion. The effort of comparison between the pre mentioned alternatives created a software program helping the decision makers and engineers to select the optimum technology in mechanical, financing and environmental terms. In the end of this dissertation a parametric analysis and some conclusions, extracted from the software program, concerning the financing viability of the waste to energy facilities in the two case studies and in general, are presented.
en
heal.tableOfContents
Abstract ........................................................................................................................ iii Acknowledge ................................................................................................................. 0 Contents ......................................................................................................................... 2 Introduction .................................................................................................................... 5 Chapter 1: Recovering energy from waste................................................................... 11 1.1 Methods and Technologies ................................................................................ 11 1.1.1 Thermochemical conversion ....................................................................... 12 1.1.1.1 Biomass Combustion ............................................................................... 12 1.1.1.2 Biomass Gasification ............................................................................... 15 1.1.1.3 Pyrolysis ................................................................................................... 19 1.1.2 Biochemical conversion .................................................................................. 20 1.1.2.1 Anaerobic digestion ................................................................................. 20 1.1.2.2 Aerobic digestion ..................................................................................... 22 Chapter 2: Existing projects ......................................................................................... 23 Chapter 3: Waste management .................................................................................... 29 Chapter 4: Estimation of the feedstock ........................................................................ 33 4.1 Feedstock estimation in Skopelos ...................................................................... 33 4.2 Feedstock estimation in Kos .............................................................................. 34 Chapter 5: Construction of the program ...................................................................... 36 5.1 Biomass Combustion ......................................................................................... 37 5.2 Biomass Gasification ......................................................................................... 43 5.3 Anaerobic digestion ........................................................................................... 45 5.4 Economics .......................................................................................................... 47 5.5 Financing............................................................................................................ 49 3 5.6 Emissions ........................................................................................................... 50 Chapter 6: Case studies in Skopelos and Kos (Most probable scenario) ..................... 53 6.1 Results Skopelos ................................................................................................ 58 6.2 Results Kos ........................................................................................................ 67 6.2.1 Energy production and percentage covered from WtE technologies in Kos. .............................................................................................................................. 74 Chapter 7: Parametric analysis..................................................................................... 79 7.1 Feed in tariff parametric analysis ....................................................................... 79 7.2 Thermal power parametric analysis ................................................................... 81 7.3 Price of biomass parametric analysis ................................................................. 83 7.4 Discount rate parametric analysis ...................................................................... 85 7.5 Subsidy parametric analysis ............................................................................... 87 7.6 Annual cost per employee parametric analysis .................................................. 89 7.7 Feedstock parametric analysis ........................................................................... 90 Chapter 8: Conclusions ................................................................................................ 93 Chapter 9: Future steps ................................................................................................ 97
en
heal.advisorName
Marnellos, G.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Marnellos, G.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Sardi
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Martinopoulos
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Science &Technology, Master of Science (MSc) in Energy Systems
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
107
heal.fullTextAvailability
true


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