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dc.contributor.author
Batsioula, Maria
en
dc.date.accessioned
2018-04-17T09:40:01Z
dc.date.available
2018-04-18T00:00:27Z
dc.date.issued
2018-04-17
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/29015
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Waste management
en
dc.subject
Μunicipal solid waste
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dc.subject
Life cycle analysis
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dc.subject
Central Macedonia
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dc.title
Environmental Impact Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Management
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heal.type
masterThesis
en_US
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse and refuse disposal
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Refuse and refuse disposal--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Waste products
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Recycling (Waste, etc.)
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Environmental protection
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Product life cycle
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Product life cycle--Environmental aspects
heal.language
en
en_US
heal.access
free
en_US
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
en_US
heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Environmental Management and Sustainability
en_US
heal.publicationDate
2018-01-28
heal.bibliographicCitation
Batsioula Maria (2018). Environmental impact assessment of municipal solid waste management. Master dissertation. International Hellenic University, School of Economics and Business Administration
el
heal.abstract
The continuously expanding amounts of waste produced in the EU constitute a major concern at a European level. Municipal waste management represents one of the most critical problems that need to be addressed in Greece, despite the lack of available funds due to the financial crisis. Nowadays, Waste Framework Directive is poorly implemented and many illegal landfills still pollute the environment, with Greece being penalized by the European Court of Justice for several cases. On this basis, the development of an optimal waste management strategy, exploiting all available technologies and taking into account all waste streams is more than critical at a national level. This thesis focuses on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of different scenarios of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) management practices in an effort to estimate quantitatively their environmental impacts and identify the alternative that provides the best environmental output for municipal waste management plans. An LCA study is conducted for municipal solid waste in the Region of Central Macedonia, Greece. In the LCA the current waste management plan is compared both with the future management plan for the study area, and a scenario in compliance with the past practices in the area. Key findings of the study are summarized below. The most environmental friendly scenario is the one where high rates of sorting of the waste at the source take place. In this scenario, great quantities of MSW are recycled and most of the organic fraction is composted, thus results in significant environmental benefits due to material recovery. The scenario that examined the landfill of municipal waste as the main treatment method is the most undesirable from an environmental point of view. Overall, the implementation of an integrated waste management system with high rates of separately collection of the waste streams is necessary in the area.
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heal.tableOfContents
Contents ABSTRACT........................................................................... I PREFACE........................................................................... III CONTENTS......................................................................... V CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION................................................................. 1 1.1. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES............................................. 2 1.2. METHODOLOGY.......................................................... 3 1.3. SECTION SUMMARY................................................... 4 CHAPTER 2 WASTE MANAGEMENT..................................................... 5 2.1. BACKGROUND.............................................................5 2.1.1. Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Definition................6 2.1.2. Development of urban waste management...........7 2.1.2.1. Development drivers for waste management practices..............................................................................7 2.1.2.2. MSW Treatment Methods.....................................9 2.2. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK.....................................31 2.2.1. EU policy and waste legislation.............................32 2.2.1.1. History of EU waste policy..................................32 2.2.1.2. EU Legislation.....................................................33 2.2.2. Greek Legislation...................................................34 2.2.3. Implementation issues..........................................35 2.3. WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES.......................36 2.3.1. Generation and treatment of municipal waste in EU......................................................................................36 2.3.2. Waste management practices in Europe..............39 2.3.3. Waste management practices in Greece..............43 2.4. LITERATURE REVIEW................................................44 CHAPTER 3 AN INTEGRATED METHOD FOR THE OPTIMAL WASTE MANAGEMENT: THE CASE STUDY OF REGION OF CENTRAL MACEDONIA....................................................47 3.1. METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK..........................47 3.1.1. Data Collection.......................................................47 3.1.2. Life Cycle Assessment..........................................48 3.1.2.1. LCA methodology................................................49 3.1.2.2. SimaPro Software...............................................52 3.1.2.3. LCA implementation in MSW.............................53 3.2. THE CASE STUDY OF THE REGION OF CENTRAL MACEDONIA.....................................................................55 3.2.1. Description of the geographic area under study..56 3.2.2. MSW Management in the study area....................58 3.2.3. Scenarios’ description...........................................60 3.2.3.1. Scenario 0: Landfilling........................................61 3.2.3.2. Scenario I: Landfilling and Recycling.................62 3.2.3.3. Scenario II: Future Scenario...............................64 3.2.4. Application of the LCA methodology to the case study..................................................................................66 3.2.4.1. Goal and scope definition...................................67 3.2.4.2. Functional unit.....................................................67 3.2.4.3. System boundaries.............................................68 3.2.4.4. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI)...................................69 3.2.4.5. Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA)...............71 CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION.............................................75 4.1. NETWORK RESULTS..................................................75 4.1.1. Scenario 0...............................................................76 4.1.2. Scenario 1...............................................................77 4.1.3. Scenario 2...............................................................78 4.2. IMPACT ASSESSMENT..............................................79 4.2.1. Results of impact indicators according to CML 2001 Method.....................................................................79 4.2.2. Results according to Eco-indicator 99 methodology.....................................................................83 4.2.3. Final Scenarios’ classification based on SimaPro results................................................................................85 4.3. UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS.........................................86 CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION....................................................................87 REFERENCES....................................................................91 APPENDIX I....................................................................103
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heal.advisorName
Dr. Banias, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Banias, Georgios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Achillas, Charisios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Vlachokostas, Christos
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heal.academicPublisher
IHU
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
en_US
heal.numberOfPages
134
en_US
heal.spatialCoverage
Greece
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heal.spatialCoverage
Central Macedonia
en


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