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dc.contributor.author
Akrivopoulos, Paschalis
en
dc.date.accessioned
2018-05-18T08:22:44Z
dc.date.available
2018-05-19T00:00:20Z
dc.date.issued
2018-05-18
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/29146
dc.rights
Default License
dc.subject
Energy Conservation
en
dc.subject
Energy Policy
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dc.subject
Energy Consumption
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dc.subject
Energy Savings
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dc.subject
Engineering
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dc.title
Retrofitting the existing building stock – thermal comfort, energy conservation, economic implications
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heal.type
masterThesis
en_US
heal.creatorID.email
p.akrivopoulos@gmail.com
heal.classification
Energy
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heal.classification
Energy Efficiency
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heal.classification
Energy Building Design
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heal.classification
Engineering
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heal.classification
Civil Engineering
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heal.classification
Mechanical Engineering
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heal.classification
Energy Auditing
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heal.classification
Energy Retrofitting
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heal.classification
Building Stock Renovation
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heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Buildings--Energy consumption
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Buildings--Environmental engineering
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy policy--European Union countries
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy conservation
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy consumption--Environmental aspects
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Energy policy
heal.language
en
en_US
heal.access
free
en_US
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
en_US
heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Building Design
en_US
heal.publicationDate
2017-12-18
heal.abstract
This dissertation is part of the MSc in Energy Building Design at the International Hellenic University. In the European Union, the energy spent in buildings accounts for 40% of the total energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions. Most of the already existing European buildings have been constructed before the compliance of the member states national legislations with the EPBDs. They have low to insufficient insulation of the envelope, inefficient heating cooling and ventilation mechanical systems, low air tightness, lack of proper shading and are generally designed with little or no consideration regarding the environment and the energy consumption. About 35% of this stock is older than 50 years, which means the buildings were constructed before any national legislation or regulation concerning the energy efficiency was applied. This research, discusses the European building stock characteristics, the European Energy in buildings policy and legislation, the typology and methodology used for the study of building retrofitting measures. It will present direct and indirect benefits of such actions, from a thermal comfort, energy conservation, carbon-emission optimization and cost-effectiveness point of view. Finally, it applies the energy retrofitting methodology in several case studies, to retrieve results and extract conclusions for the energy behaviour of the buildings and the typology used.
en
heal.tableOfContents
Contents ABSTRACT III, CONTENTS V, ABBREVIATIONS 1, 1 INTRODUCTION 3, 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 5, 2.1 EUROPEAN POLICY 5, 2.1.1 European Directives for building efficiency 5, 2.1.2 Directives 2010 EPBD & 2012 EED 5, 2.1.3 National strategy for the building stock 6, 2.2 BENEFITS OF ENERGY AND CARBON EMISSIONS OPTIMIZATION 6, 2.2.1 Building user level benefits 6, 2.2.2 Macroeconomic Benefits 7, 2.3 EU PROJECTS AND STUDIES 8, 2.3.1 The Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (2006) 8, 2.3.2 IEE PROJECT - DATAMINE (2006-2008) 8, 2.3.3 IEE PROJECT – TABULA (2009-2012) 9, 2.3.4 IEE PROJECT – EPISCOPE (2013-2016) 10, 2.4 IEA – EBC 11, 2.4.1 Role and purpose of the International Energy Agency 11, 2.4.2 The Energy in Buildings and Communities Programme (EBC) 11, 2.5 IEA EBC PROJECT: ANNEX 56 12, 2.5.1 The EBC Annex 56 - Overview 12, 2.5.2 Annex 56 deliverables 12, 2.5.3 Annex 56: Co-benefits of energy related building renovation 13, 2.5.4 Annex 56: Evaluation of the impact of energy related renovation measures on selected Case Studies 17, 2.5.5 Annex 56: Life cycle Assessment 23, 2.5.6 Annex 56: Methodology for Cost - Effective Energy and Carbon Emissions Optimization in Building Renovation 23, 2.6 GREEK RESIDENTIAL BUILDING STOCK TYPOLOGY 25, 2.6.1 Research for the typology of the Greek residential buildings 25, 2.6.2 Greek Residential Buildings Typology – Energy Saving Dynamic 25, 3 PROBLEM DEFINITION - DATA 31, 3.1 ENERGY CONSUMPTION, CLIMA TE CHANGE AND IAQ 31, 3.2 THE ENERGY BALANCE IN GREECE 31, 3.3 GREEK NATIONAL TARGETS UNDER 2012/27/EU 32, 3.4 PROPERTIES OF NATIONAL RESIDENTIAL BUILDING STOCK 32, 3.4.1 Yearly final energy consumption per household 32, 3.4.2 Thermal energy by end-use 34, 3.4.3 Electricity consumption by end-use 34, 3.4.4 Urbanization as a consumption parameter 35, 3.4.5 Characteristics of the permanent use residential building stock 37, 3.4.6 User’s Behaviour 40, 3.5 GREEK RESIDENTIAL BUILDING STOCK - ENERGY CERTIFICATES DATA 41, 3.5.1 Compliance of Greek legislation with the European directives 41, 3.5.2 Energy Certificates results and statistics for Greece 41, 3.5.3 Results and Statistics for Central Macedonia - Prefecture of Thessaloniki 45, 3.5.4 Comparing the Energy certificates results for Greece with those for Thessaloniki 49, 4 CONTRIBUTION 54, 4.1 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 54, 4.2 SCENARIOS APPLIED 55, 4.3 CASE STUDIES CHARACTERISTICS 58, 4.4 THREE-PAGE BROCHURES 61, 5 CONCLUSIONS 66, 5.1 EXISTING STATE TRENDS 66, 5.1.1 Energy efficiency of a building approach 66, 5.1.2 Primary Energy Consumption vs CO2 Emissions 67, 5.1.3 PEC vs Operating Cost 67, 5.1.4 CO2 Emissions vs Operating Cost 68, 5.1.5 Energy Certification vs Construction Period 69, 5.2 SCENARIOS NO1, NO2, NO3 69, 5.2.1 Energy saving percentage 70, 5.2.2 Initial cost of energy renovation measures 71, 5.2.3 Payback period 73, 5.2.4 Operational cost 74, 5.3 OVERVIEW 75, 6 APPENDIX 77, BIBLIOGRAPHY 79
en
heal.advisorName
Meir, Isaac
el
heal.advisorID
sakis@bgu.ac.il
en_US
heal.committeeMemberName
Martinopoulos, Georgios
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Meir, Isaac
el
heal.committeeMemberName
Papadopoulos, Agis
el
heal.academicPublisher
IHU
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
en_US
heal.numberOfPages
181
en_US
heal.spatialCoverage
Europe
en
heal.spatialCoverage
Greece
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heal.spatialCoverage
Thessaloniki
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heal.temporalCoverage
-1980 to 2011+
en


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