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dc.contributor.author
Stavropoulou, Dafni
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-06-15T12:28:27Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T05:57:43Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06-15
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/355
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Entrepreneurial activity in a crisis period
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.secondaryTitle
The case of Greece
en
heal.keyword
Entrepreneurship--Case studies
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heal.keyword
Entrepreneurship--Greece
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heal.keyword
Financial crises--Greece
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heal.keyword
Dissertations, Academic
en
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Management
heal.publicationDate
2012-10
heal.bibliographicCitation
Stavropoulou Dafni, 2012, Entrepreneurial activity in a crisis period : the case of Greece, Master's Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
Raising unemployment levels, limited employment opportunities, low income levels, weak human psychology and, resistance over new and innovative developments resulted from the economic crisis in Greece lead Greek people to think about starting their own business. The lack of capital and the low credibility of the Greek financial system keep them away from proceeding. The purpose of this study is to examine the behavioral factors of Greek (potential) entrepreneurs and provide insights about their perceptions of the current general environment and their attitudes towards entrepreneurial activity in the recession period. Many researchers provide various definitions of these terms. A general term for entrepreneurship is: the process in which a person (the entrepreneur) devotes time and effort, combines risk, personal success and/or innovation, creativeness and takes financial, moral and social responsibilities to start a new and profitable business (Goksel & Aydintan, 2011; Remeikiene & Startiene, 2008). Many studies though have identified the factors that influence people to start up their own business, such as: gender, age, (un)employment, education, lack of capital, personality traits, motivation as well as external environment (government regulations, national policies, economic conditions, etc.) (Marlow and Patton, 2005; Verheul and Van Stel, 2006; Tsyganova and Shirokova, 2009; Bosma and Levie, 2009; Georgellis and Wall, 2009; Calvo and Garcia, 2010; Yu, 2011; Gaddam, 2007, etc.). The model of the current study is comprised by the following variables: self-esteem and self-efficacy, tolerance for ambiguity, perceived behavioural control, attitudes towards entrepreneurship, environmental turbulence, perceptions of employment and entrepreneurial intention. It has been decided that the quantitative analysis is the most appropriate method. Questionnaires had been distributed to small- and medium- sized enterprises and postgraduate business students. The decision was supported by the fact that these people are nascent and established entrepreneurs, which made them ideal for our research purpose. It has been found that education, tolerance for ambiguity, perceived behavioral control and attitudes towards entrepreneurship are positively influence entrepreneurial intention. In addition, perceptions of the external environment seem to marginally influence an individual’s thinking for venture creation. The results of the present study indicate that there is lack of entrepreneurial culture in Greece. As a result, developments and improvements should be done in the Greek context so as to promote entrepreneurial activity. Regulations, bureaucratic procedures, tax formation, limited activity on entrepreneurial action create barriers to Greek people. Greek entrepreneurs have the required human capital, qualities and the appropriate personality traits to create their own business, but further development should be done to promote and enable them to contribute to the economy through entrepreneurship. In such harsh times, innovation and business creation are essential tools to revitalize a country’s economy.
en
heal.tableOfContents
INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………… 1 - 3 1.1 Introduction ………………………………………………………………… 1 1.2 Aims and Objectives of the study …………………………………………. 2 - 3 LITERATURE REVIEW …………………………………………………..… 4 – 16 2.1 Definition of entrepreneurship …………………………………………… 4 – 6 2.2 Types of entrepreneurship ………………………………………………... 6 – 7 2.3 Entrepreneurial behavior ………………………………………………… 7 – 8 2.4 The characteristics of the entrepreneurial firm ………………………… 9 – 10 2.5 The phases of developing an enterprise. Success and risk factors ……. 10 – 12 2.6 The profile of the entrepreneur …………………………………………. 12 – 13 2.7 Entrepreneurship during crisis …………………………………………. 13 – 14 2.8 The Greek environment …………………………………………………. 14 – 16 HYPOTHESES AND THE RESEARCH MODEL ……………………….. 17 – 22 3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 17 3.2 Research model ………………………………………………………….. 17 3.3 Hypotheses development ………………………………………………... 18 – 22 3.4 Summary …………………………………………………………………. 22 METHODOLOGY …………………………………………………………... 23 – 30 4.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 23 4.2 Research scope …………………………………………………………… 23 – 24 4.3 Sampling process ………………………………………………………… 24 4.4 Scales and Questionnaire development ………………………………… 24 – 28 4.5 Data collection …………………………………………………………… 28 – 29 4.6 Profile of the sample …………………………………………………….. 29 4.7 Summary …………………………………………………………………. 30 DATA ANALYSIS AND HYPOTHESES TESTING ……………...……… 31 - 38 5.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 31 5.2 Data analysis and hypotheses testing …………………………………… 31 – 37 5.3 Summary ………………………………………………………………….. 38 DISCUSSION AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS ……………………. 39 – 43 6.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………… 39 6.2 Discussion ………………………………………………………………… 39 – 43 6.3 Summary …………………………………………………………………. 43 CONCLUSIONS, LIMITATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH …………………………………………………………………. 44 – 45 7.1 Introduction ……………………………………………………………... 44 7.2 Conclusions, limitations and suggestions for future research ………... 44 – 45 7.3 Summary ………………………………………………………………… 45 REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………… 46 – 50 APPENDICES
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heal.advisorName
Giannikis, Stefanos
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heal.committeeMemberName
Souitaris, Evangelos
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heal.committeeMemberName
Dr. Aletras, Vasileios
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heal.committeeMemberName
Andriopoulos, Costas
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Management
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
82
heal.fullTextAvailability
true


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