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dc.contributor.author
Moutafidis, Ioannis
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-06-16T13:51:07Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T05:57:53Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06-16
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/388
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Architecture and impacts of electric vehicles
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.keyword
Electric vehicles
en
heal.keyword
Electric vehicles--Equipment and supplies
en
heal.keyword
Dissertations, Academic
en
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
heal.recordProvider
School of Science and Technology, MSc in Energy Systems
heal.publicationDate
2011-09
heal.bibliographicCitation
Moutafidis, Ioannis,2011, Architecture and impacts of electric vehicles, Master's Dissertation, ,International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as a part of the MSc in Energy Systems at the In-ternational Hellenic University. A short summary of the dissertation. This target of this study was to provide a knowledge base for modern electric vehicles. This knowledge base includes components, subsystems, energy management, infrastructure and emissions. Moreover, a basic comparison on the efficiency of three innovating cars of the last year is made. Finally, it pro-vides an outlook for the future development of electric vehicles and their sys-tems. Special thanks are given to my supervisor Dr. Leonidas Ntziachristos for his help during the production and completion of this dissertation. Also I would like to give thanks to Petros Katsis for his assistance in the making of the compari-son chapter.
en
heal.tableOfContents
DISCLAIMER.................................................................................................... III ABSTRACT ......................................................................................................IV CONTENTS .......................................................................................................V 1 INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................1 1.1 TRANSPORTATION HISTORY......................................................................1 1.2 FOSSIL FUEL SITUATION ...........................................................................2 1.3 EMISSIONS .............................................................................................4 1.4 ELECTRIC AND HYBRID ELECTRIC CARS.....................................................5 1.5 DESCRIPTION OF CHAPTERS.....................................................................7 2 HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLES SUBSYSTEMS DESCRIPTION ...............8 2.1 ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS ...................................................................9 2.1.1 Lead-Acid Batteries..................................................................10 2.1.2 Nickel-Metal Hydride (NiMH) Batteries.....................................11 2.1.3 Lithium-Ion Batteries ................................................................12 2.1.4 Nickel-Zinc (Ni-Zn) Batteries ....................................................13 2.1.5 Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cd) batteries ...........................................14 2.1.6 Ultracapacitors ( electric double-layer capacitor) .....................15 2.1.7 Fuel cells..................................................................................18 2.1.8 Power requirements for batteries in hybrid electric vehicles ....20 2.2 DRIVETRAIN ARCHITECTURE...................................................................25 2.2.1 Series hybrid electric vehicles..................................................25 2.2.2 Parallel hybrid electric vehicles ................................................27 2.2.3 Power-split hybrid electric vehicles ..........................................29 2.2.4 Choice of the appropriate architecture and other requirements32 2.3 ENERGY MANAGEMENT .........................................................................35 2.4 CHARGING PROFILE ..............................................................................40 2.4.1 State of the art for ESS charging systems ...............................40 -vi- 2.4.2 Requirements of the energy storage systems charging system design based on PHEV vehicle-level attributes...................................43 2.4.3 Constraints on vehicle-level design based on energy storage system charging characteristic attributes ............................................43 2.4.4 Constraints on system-level design based on energy storage system charging characteristic attributes ............................................44 3 PRESENTATION OF MODELS..................................................................45 3.1 CHEVROLET VOLT..................................................................................46 3.1.1 Specifications ...........................................................................47 3.2 NISSAN LEAF.........................................................................................55 3.2.1 Specifications ...........................................................................56 3.3 TOYOTA PRIUS (XW30) .........................................................................59 3.3.1 Toyota Hybrid Synergy Drive....................................................60 3.3.2 Specifications ...........................................................................65 4 COMPARISON ...........................................................................................66 5 IMPACTS AND FUTURE OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES................................72 5.1 EMISSIONS............................................................................................72 5.1.1 Formation of GHG emission from EV fuel cycles .....................74 5.2 CHARGING INFRASTRUCTURE .................................................................77 5.2.1 Charging modes for conductive charging .................................78 5.2.2 Inductive charging ....................................................................85 5.3 ECONOMY.............................................................................................85 5.4 OUTLOOK..............................................................................................88 5.4.1 Energy storage devices ............................................................89 5.4.2 Electric propulsion motors ........................................................92 5.4.3 Power electronics .....................................................................92 5.4.4 Other technological challenges ................................................94 BIBLIOGRAPHY -REFERENCES ...................................................................95
en
heal.advisorName
Ntziachristos, Leonidas
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Ntziachristos, Leonidas
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Mitianoudis, Nikolaos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Papadopoulos, Agis
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Science &Technology, Master of Science (MSc) in Energy Systems
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
105
heal.fullTextAvailability
true


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