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dc.contributor.author
Rizopoulos, Lazaros
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-06-19T14:59:54Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T05:58:16Z
dc.date.issued
2015-06-19
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/468
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Review of Environmental Management Systems in international military sector. Pilot study and recommendations for the Hellenic Armed Forces
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.keyword
Environmental management
en
heal.keyword
Military bases--Environmental aspects--Greece
en
heal.keyword
Greece--Armed Forces--Environmental aspects
en
heal.keyword
Dissertations, Academic
en
heal.keyword.LCSH
Armed Forces--Environmental aspects
en
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
heal.recordProvider
School of Economics, Business Administration and Legal Studies, MSc in Environmental Management and Sustainability
heal.publicationDate
2014-01-30
heal.bibliographicCitation
Rizopoulos Lazaros, 2014, Review of environmental management systems in international military sector : pilot study and recommendations for the Hellenic armed forces,Master's Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
The effective and sustainable environmental performance of a business is a result of various factors and most important the integrated outcome of the Environmental management. Likewise, the integration of environmental management into the Armed Forces’ activities has also gain interest for the military sector internationally. Therefore, the Environmental Management System (EMS) is recognized as one of the most widely used tools. The EMS provides an organization with a system framework to identify, control and monitor its activities and processes which can directly or indirectly have environmental impacts. A fully-implemented EMS encompasses organi-zational structure, responsibilities, procedures, plans, resources, and policy. Most researchers and growing environmental public movement, nowadays, are focused on EMS’ implementation, while they evaluate the improvement of environmental performance, with the relevant1 available structures in order to determine the most effective mean for EMS planning, evaluation and review process. Although, there are not enough study results and evidence of its application in the military sector, there are worldwide, countries or international bodies - like United States, Australia and NATO - that have an EMS structure in place to assist military environmental management, as well as studies which reveal that the Army could anticipate positive outcomes from EMS. However, it is still controversial if the positive outcomes or the economic benefits were due to the EMS implementation. Moreover, a relevant environmental management framework still has not been constantly implemented during the military procedures and activities. Although EMS has been generally accepted as substantial positive factor by the majority of studies, the multitasking characteristics of Defence sector’s activities result in the need for the eco-friendly related issues to be directed in a holistic and integrated way2, with the help of a certified EMS. 1 Environmental Performance Indicator (EPI) 2 Diecidue, T., (2008), Military-to-military collaboration on environmental management: A framework for strategic information, education and communication. Project Performance Corporation, Virginia, USA 5 The first part of this study will provide a review on environmental management issues related to the military activities, as also as their assessment and standardization procedures in international military sector. A case-by-case approach will be examined in order to outline evidence to the evaluation of the environmental management frameworks. Based on the results of the literature review, appropriate recommendations will be presented, which may contribute to the EMS considerations as the most important tool for effective management framework and most importantly to evaluate its effectiveness as a structure for the complex Defence sector’s activities. In the second part, the study will provide a pilot project to develop, implement and study potential costs and benefits of undertaking an EMS in a selected Greek military unit. The study will provide a general overview, while trying to identify legislation gaps and provide recommendations regarding the environmental management structures among Greek Armed Forces. It will provide useful insights for implementing relevant tools during Hellenic military activities; assess the correlation between the existence of an EMS and environmental effectiveness and finally attempt to articulate operational guidelines for the Hellenic Armed Forces.
en
heal.tableOfContents
1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................... 8 1.1 Background.................................................................................................................. 11 1.2 Research questions of the study ................................................................................. 12 1.3 Outline ......................................................................................................................... 12 2. Literature Review .............................................................................................................. 13 2.1 History of the EMS....................................................................................................... 13 2.1.1 Evolution of the EMS ........................................................................................... 14 2.2 EMS standards development ...................................................................................... 16 2.3 EMS in the military and private sectors ...................................................................... 18 2.4 Environment and EMS in international Defence sector .............................................. 19 2.5 Other researches ......................................................................................................... 20 2.6 Application of EMS systems by Defence sector in different countries ....................... 21 2.6.1 General ................................................................................................................ 21 2.6.2 Brief History ......................................................................................................... 22 2.6.3 Analysis of the U.S. Army and NATO EMS ........................................................... 26 2.7 Greek Armed Forces .................................................................................................... 32 3. Methodology ...................................................................................................................... 34 3.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 34 3.2 Design and methodology ............................................................................................ 36 3.3 Rationale of the methodology .................................................................................... 37 3.4 Questionnaire Design .................................................................................................. 38 3.5 Sampling ...................................................................................................................... 39 3.6 Greek Army Forces’ Camp as a “pilot” Study Area ..................................................... 40 4. Presentation of review results in Defence sector ........................................................ 40 4.1 General ........................................................................................................................ 40 4.2 Environmental Performance and EMS ........................................................................ 43 4.3 Conclusions of Review ................................................................................................. 45 7 4.4 Analysis of the Environmental Awareness results ...................................................... 47 4.4.1 Socio- Demographic characteristics of participants ................................................... 47 4.4.2 Data Analysis .............................................................................................................. 50 5. Discussion ......................................................................................................................... 53 6. Limitations, conclusions and recommendations .......................................................... 55 6.1 Limitations ................................................................................................................... 55 6.2 Conclusions and recommendations ............................................................................ 56 Bibliography ............................................................................................................................... 61 Annex “A” ................................................................................................................................... 71 Annex “B” ................................................................................................................................... 85 Appendix “B-1” ........................................................................................................................ 89 Appendix “B-2” ........................................................................................................................ 90 Annex “C” ................................................................................................................................... 92 Appendix “C-1” ........................................................................................................................ 93 Appendix “C-2” ...................................................................................................................... 100 Appendix “C-3” ...................................................................................................................... 109 Appendix “C-4” ...................................................................................................................... 111 Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................ 113 List of Figures .......................................................................................................................... 114 List of Tables ........................................................................................................................... 115
en
heal.advisorName
Euaggelinos, Ass. Prof. Constantinos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Euaggelinos, Ass. Prof. Constantinos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Banias, Dr Giorgos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Pediaditi, Dr Kalliope
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Economics & Business Administration, MSc in Sustainable Development
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
115
heal.fullTextAvailability
true


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