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dc.contributor.author
Charouli, Maria
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-04T09:27:09Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T06:05:16Z
dc.date.issued
2015-07-04
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/721
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
Aphrodite’s cult in the Black Sea Region
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
el
heal.publicationDate
2015-01
heal.bibliographicCitation
Charouli Maria ,2015, Aphrodite’s cult in the Black Sea Region, Master’s Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
In the ancient world, the religion had an important place in the Greek society and there was a strong connection with the everyday life, public – social and private. The cultic practices and attitudes illustrate a religious system common to all Greeks. In this context, Aphrodite as the goddess of beauty, love, pleasure and procreation, was one of the gods in the Greek pantheon, who was worshiped in every part of the Greek world, bearing a variety of epithets, invocations and different roles, many of which penetrated and became popular into the Black Sea coast colonies as well. The available data on his cult in Black Sea are fragmentary, scattered or unpublished. The cult of Aphrodite is one of the most ancient cults in the Black Sea. Following the Asia Minor tradition and largely maintaining her aristocratic nature, the Goddess was worshiped in the Black Sea mainly as Aphrodite Ourania (Celestial). In some regions, Aphrodite was worshiped not only as the goddess of love but also as a chthonic deity. According to A. S Rousyaeva it was this goddess that was the patroness of ancient Greek colonization in Northern Black Sea region, including the shores of Cimmerian Bosporus. It is known, however, that there were temples and sanctuaries in many places in the Black Sea region. Moreover, in some regions, Aphrodite was worshiped together with other gods. Archeological evidences testifying to this fact are many architectural remains and archeological finds. The aim of this study has a goal. This is to bring together all the information we have according to the cult of Aphrodite in the Greek settlements in the Black Sea region, from the archaic to the roman period. The information we have from these settlements are limited but their study brings into light the cultic, the economic and political importance of them. In this context, literary written sources, inscriptions and archeological finds from the Greek cities of the Black Sea region referring to Aphrodite’s cults will be examined and a comprehensive review will be presented. In spite of continuous archeological excavations in the Black Sea region, mostly on the northern and the western shores of the Black Sea, scholars still have little data with respect to Greek colonization in the region. Most publications are written in Russian or other Slavic languages and have not been translated yet in more 5 accessible European languages and much of the archeological material is still unpublished. As a result, not only the research which concerns the cult of Aphrodite but also the research which concerns the whole Black Sea region and in remains a task for classical scholarship.
en
heal.tableOfContents
1. Acknowledgement ........................................................................... 3 2. Abstract ........................................................................................... 4 3. Introduction ..................................................................................... 9 4. A Theoretical context ..................................................................... 12 The colonies in Black Sea region and the religion ......................................................12 The goddess Aphrodite ...............................................................................................14 The Birth of Aphrodite ................................................................................................15 The names of Aphrodite .............................................................................................16 Scythian art and Aphrodite .........................................................................................16 5. Archeological evidence of Aphrodite’s cult in the Northern Black Sea region .......................................................................................... 23 Northern and Western part of the Northern Black Sea ....................................... 23 The cult of Aphrodite in Tyras .....................................................................................23 The cult of Aphrodite in Nikonion ...............................................................................24 The cult of Aphrodite in Borysthenes ........................................................................25 The cult of Aphrodite in Olbia .....................................................................................27 Western – Northwestern Crimea ........................................................................ 32 The cult of Aphrodite in Chersonesos Taurica ............................................................32 Cimmerian Bosporus .......................................................................................... 33 European part of Bosporus ................................................................................. 35 The cult of Aphrodite in Panticapaion ........................................................................35 The cult of Aphrodite in Cytaia ...................................................................................37 The cult of Aphrodite in Numphaion ..........................................................................38 The cult of Aphrodite in Myrmekion ..........................................................................39 Asiatic part of Bosporus ..................................................................................... 40 Aphrodite Apatouros ..................................................................................................40 7 The cult of Aphrodite in Phanagoria ...........................................................................43 The cult of Aphrodite in Kepoi ....................................................................................45 The cult of Aphrodite in Hermonassa .........................................................................48 The cult of Aphrodite in Gorgippia .............................................................................49 The cult of Aphrodite in the lower reaches of the Dniester ................................. 50 Aphrodite in the Hermitage Museum ................................................................. 51 6. Archeological evidence of Aphrodite’s cult in the Western Black Sea region .......................................................................................... 52 The cult of Aphrodite in Histria ...................................................................................52 The cult of Aphrodite in Tomis ...................................................................................54 The cult of Aphrodite in Kallatis ..................................................................................55 The cult of Aphrodite in Dionysopolis.........................................................................57 The cult of Aphrodite in Odessos ................................................................................59 The cult of Aphrodite in Messambria .........................................................................60 The cult of Aphrodite in Bizone ..................................................................................62 The cult of Aphrodite in Apollonia Pontica .................................................................62 7. Archeological evidence of Aphrodite’s cult in the Southern Black Sea region .......................................................................................... 65 The cult of Aphrodite in Amisos..................................................................................65 The cult of Aphrodite in Amastris ...............................................................................66 8. Aphrodite’s cult in home sanctuaries ............................................. 67 9. Conclusions .................................................................................... 69 10. List of figures ................................................................................ 71 11. Abbreviations ............................................................................. 109 12. Bibliography ............................................................................... 111
en
heal.advisorName
Manoledakis, Prof. Manolis
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Manoledakis, Prof. Manolis
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Xydopoulos, I.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Petropoulos, I.
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
121
heal.fullTextAvailability
false


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