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dc.contributor.author
Littlejohn, Karl
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-04T09:46:39Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T06:05:16Z
dc.date.issued
2015-07-04
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/725
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
An analysis of Malta’s foreign relations with Russia, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania (1971-1992)
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Malta
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Russia
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Greece
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Bulgaria
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Romania
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
el
heal.publicationDate
2014-12
heal.bibliographicCitation
Littlejohn Karl ,2014, An analysis of Malta’s foreign relations with Russia, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania (1971-1992), Master’s Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the MA in Black Sea Cultural Studies at the International Hellenic University. When in 1971, the Labour Party led by Dominic Mintoff won the election it is often said that Malta opened special relations with the East. In the 1970s Malta took a determined stance towards a non-aligned policy. In that context, the Mintoff government strengthened relations with various countries. This entailed a heavy shift towards the East, including Black Sea countries. The dissertation is proposed to analyse Maltese policy towards four Black Sea area countries. i.e: Russia, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania between 1971 and 1992. These dates will be put under analysis because as already noted, in this period, Malta experienced shifts in foreign policy. This dissertation will also analyse if there were any changes in Maltese foreign policy in the late 1980s when there was the transition of power from ‘Mintoffianism’ to Christian democracy. The Soviet Union was eyeing on Malta to open an embassy from the late 1960s, and in the beginning of the 1980s there was the so called ‘bunkering system’ between the Soviet Union and Malta. Greece is not a Black Sea country per se, but it is included in the Black Sea Economic cooperation (BSEC) and has interests with the region for political and economic reasons. The relations between Malta and Greece should be understood as two neighbouring countries in the Mediterranean in the midst of the Cold War. Bulgaria and Romania too held special relations with Malta, keeping in mind the intentions of these countries at that time. It must be noted that research of this sort was never done and primary sources such as newspapers, government documents and press releases were mainly used for this analysis.
en
heal.tableOfContents
ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................. VI ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .................................................................................................... I CONTENTS ...................................................................................................................... III CHAPTER ONE: POST-WAR MALTA ..................................................................... 1 DOMESTIC POLITICS AND FOREIGN POLICY AFTER INDEPENDENCE ............................... 2 CHAPTER TWO: MALTA’S RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA ................................... 6 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................ 6 POLITICAL RELATIONS ................................................................................................. 7 ECONOMIC RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 12 CULTURAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 18 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 20 CHAPTER THREE: MALTA’S RELATIONS WITH GREECE .......................... 22 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 22 POLITICAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 22 ECONOMIC RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 28 CULTURAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 28 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 28 CHAPTER FOUR: MALTA’S RELATIONS WITH BULGARIA ........................ 31 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 31 POLITICAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 31 ECONOMIC RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 34 CULTURAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 36 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 38 CHAPTER FIVE: MALTA’S RELATIONS WITH ROMANIA ............................ 39 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 39 POLITICAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 39 ECONOMIC RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 43 CULTURAL RELATIONS ............................................................................................... 44 -iv- CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 44 A HUMANITARIAN POSTSCRIPT: THE ADOPTION OF ROMANIAN CHILDREN ................. 45 CHAPTER SIX: MALTA’ FOREIGN POLICY WITH RUSSIA, GREECE, BULGARIA AND ROMANIA: OPPOSITION AND PUBLIC DEBATE ......... 47 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 47 RUSSIA ....................................................................................................................... 47 GREECE...................................................................................................................... 52 BULGARIA.................................................................................................................. 55 ROMANIA ................................................................................................................... 57 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 61 CHAPTER SEVEN: CONCLUSION ......................................................................... 63 RELATIONS TODAY AND SUGGESTIONS ...................................................................... 64 BIBLIOGRAPHY ......................................................................................................... 67 NEWSPAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS 1971-1992 ............................................................ 67 MALTESE GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS BY COUNTRY .................. 67 Russia.. ............................................................................................................. 67 Greece ..............................................................................................................67 Bulgaria ........................................................................................................... 68 Romania ........................................................................................................... 68 Malta foreign relations debate ........................................................................ 68 Others... ............................................................................................................ 68
en
heal.advisorName
Stefanidis, Prof. Ioannis
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Stefanidis, Prof. Ioannis
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Sfetas, S.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Antoniou, G.
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
79
heal.fullTextAvailability
false


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