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dc.contributor.author
Calbos, Christina
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-04T16:40:15Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T06:05:19Z
dc.date.issued
2015-07-04
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/750
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
The Politics of Memory
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.secondaryTitle
Collective Memory, Identity and the Greco-Turkish Population Exchange
en
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Collective Memory
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
identity
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Nationalism
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Population Exchange
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
el
heal.publicationDate
2015-03
heal.bibliographicCitation
Calbos Christina, 2015, The Politics of Memory: Collective Memory, Identity and the Greco-Turkish Population Exchange, Master’s Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
This dissertation was written as part of the MA in Black Sea Cultural Studies at the International Hellenic University. This master’s dissertation attempts to provide an analysis of the role of collective memory and identity related to the 1923 population exchange, and in what ways revisiting the memory of this event may open doors to more constructive intercultural dialogue and inclusivity. Independent research and analysis was conducted on a project called KaliMerhaba, conducted under the auspices of the Non Governmental Organization, United Societies of Balkans (USB). KaliMerhaba engages Greek and Turkish youth on the topic of the population exchange by sharing identified cultural similarities between the two countries, via new media. My main research questions can be summarized as the following: to what extent does the memory of the exchange still affect national identity and interactions between Greek and Turkish youth today? Was the KaliMerhaba project successful in its goals to increase awareness of cultural similarities between Greece and Turkey, as well as encourage intercultural dialogue in general? In the following analysis and conclusions I found that the event of the population exchange still remains relevant as ever as both Greece and Turkey continue to ask themselves what makes a Greek? Or what makes a Turk? Both nations continue to seek solutions to what they deem a “minority problem” albeit within a modern-day context. The participants of KaliMerhaba exhibit that while Greek and Turkish education systems continue to teach mainstream nationalist narratives, student exchanges, intercultural dialogue, and interaction with “the other” has opened doors for a more reconciliatory and honest narrative of the event of the 1923 population exchange. While the Greek and Turkish participants are aware of and still exposed to old stereotypes, they challenge and question the nationalist discourse, and focus on shared cultural traditions rather than a history that divides.
en
heal.tableOfContents
ABSTRACT III ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I CONTENTS III INTRODUCTION 1 WHOSE EXCHANGE IS IT? A SHORT LITERATURE REVIEW ON THE 1922 FORCED MIGRATION PROCESS IN GREECE AND TURKEY 9 HISTORICAL CONTEXT: REVISITING THE 1923 POPULATION EXCHANGE 9 THE ROLE OF MEMORY 16 Collective Memory Theory 16 Greek Memory From Above 19 Turkish Memory From Above 22 Memory From Below: Refugee Associations as Ritualized Nostalgia 25 NATIONALISM AND IDENTITY: THE ‘OTHER’ AS A THREAT TO THE NATION STATE 29 METHODOLOGY 33 EMPIRICAL FINDINGS 35 ACTIVE REMEMBRANCE: KALIMERHABA 36 INTERVIEW ANALYSIS: REFLECTIONS AND IDENTIFIED THEMES 38 Purpose and Aims of the Project 38 Challenges and Shortcomings of the Project 39 OBSERVATION AND ANALYSIS 43 UNMEDIATED VOICES (ALMOST…) 49 CONVERSATION WITH ARIS 49 INTERVIEW WITH UMUT AND OZAN 54 CONCLUSIONS 69 BIBLIOGRAPHY 73 APPENDIX 1
en
heal.advisorName
Agelopoulos, Prof. Georgos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Agelopoulos, Prof. Georgos
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Antoniou, G.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Voutira, E.
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
84
heal.fullTextAvailability
false


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