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dc.contributor.author
Myrodi, Theodosia
en
dc.date.accessioned
2015-07-06T13:04:52Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-27T06:05:21Z
dc.date.issued
2015-07-06
dc.identifier.uri
https://repository.ihu.edu.gr//xmlui/handle/11544/770
dc.rights
Default License
dc.title
The 'old Europe' and the herodotian regionalism in the Black Sea
en
heal.type
masterThesis
heal.keyword
Scythians--History
en
heal.keyword
Scythians--History--Sources
en
heal.keyword
Dissertations, Academic
en
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
regionalism
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
ethnic identity
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
regioness
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
territoriality
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
‘Otherness
heal.keywordURI.LCSH
Kόρος-Ύβρις-Άτη
heal.language
en
heal.access
free
el
heal.license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
el
heal.recordProvider
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
el
heal.publicationDate
2012-11
heal.bibliographicCitation
Myrodi Theodosia ,2012, The 'old Europe' and the herodotian regionalism in the Black Sea,Master's Dissertation, International Hellenic University
en
heal.abstract
The scope of the research subject “The ‘Old Europe’ and the Herodotian regionalism in the Black Sea area” is framed to reflect on the Herodotian ancient ‘Skythian square’ which necessarily leads to the historical or quasi-historical knowledge of the ancient central European cultural landscape. The acquiring of ethnic identity in antiquity appears to be a long and painful process, since ancient human perception on territoriality proved to be the desire for the land of ‘Others’ that should be conquered. The metallurgical and ethnographical landscaping of the Black Sea area proved to be highly competing, culturally differentiated and often culturally dismembered during the pre-historical and historical times. The political collectivities of the ranked Skythian tribes proved capable to exercise regioness, thus to transform and being transformed in articulating identities on trans-tribal / trans-ethnical level in emerging and submerging regions from 7th to 3rd c. BC. The limitations of the subject arise from the incompatibility among the postulate of tactical management of the Skythian ethnic identity, as Herodotus and Arian from Nicomedia retained, and the diversified views of European(s) archaeologies. The methodology used, known as Actor-Network theory, allowed the exploration of cultural, political phenomena around the Black Sea area which should be semantically deciphered, considering the network of actors in a movable context, not as points in motion but as points in mutual transformation in their interaction. The findings of the research proved the Herodotian realism on the need of supporting the Greek ethnic identity through the concept of ‘Otherness’ in the eve of Peloponnesian war. Furthermore, Herodotian political pragmatism on power relations concluded that the Kόρος-Ύβρις-Άτη pattern should not be considered as physis but should be examined under nomos, intended as common consent.
en
heal.tableOfContents
Introduction ......................................................................................................... 10 1. Tradition and Historiography. Mythos and Logos ............................................... 12 The role of the myth in the construction of ethnic identity ......................................... 12 Mythos in time .............................................................................................................. 13 Homer ...................................................................................................................................... 14 Pindar ...................................................................................................................................... 14 Heraclitus ................................................................................................................................. 15 Parmenides .............................................................................................................................. 15 Ekateos .................................................................................................................................... 15 Herodotus ................................................................................................................................ 15 Plato ......................................................................................................................................... 15 Aristotle ................................................................................................................................... 16 Brief history on Logos in recent historiography of the classic literature ..................... 16 Conclusions on mythos-logos ....................................................................................... 18 2. The α-λήθεια in Greek thinkers ......................................................................... 19 Geography and the development of pragmatic sciences ............................................. 19 The art of Hesiod ..................................................................................................................... 19 The Colophonian rhapsody of Xenophanes ............................................................................ 19 Ekateo from Miletos ................................................................................................................ 20 Herodotus’ truth - The central issues ...................................................................................... 21 The cognition of the concept of Nomos in Herodotus Histories .................................. 21 The Herodotian realism and the political pragmatism ................................................. 22 The controversy ............................................................................................................ 23 Conclusions ................................................................................................................... 24 3. Empirical knowledge due to the travels / navigation .......................................... 25 Periplooi of the oicoumenē .......................................................................................... 25 From Homer to Anassimandro, 700- 546 B.C. The first period .................................... 26 From Anaxagoras of Clazomenae to Plato, 500– 347 BC. The second period ............. 27 Methodologies in archaic cartography ......................................................................... 29 Maritime technology. The 2,5 knots to super pass the surface current of Hellespont 29 Conclusions on accumulated knowledge from the periplooi of the oicoumenē ......... 31 4. Herodotus and his historiographical approach ................................................... 32 Conclusions ................................................................................................................... 34 Dissertation Theodosia Myrodi M.Arch. 2012 5. The Skythia and the Skythikos logos in context .................................................. 35 The space of the ‘Others’ as the desired land and the competition of powers within Skythia ........................................................................................................................... 36 From 7th c. to the end of 5th BC in European forest steppe and the shift of populance ......... 36 The Belskoye fortified system. (kings” Spargapeithes-Scopasis.) ........................................... 37 B. From late 5th c.BC to the second half of the 4th c. BC ....................................................... 37 The symbolic use of time operation in Herodotos ....................................................... 37 The symbolic use of space .The within and outward pressures on Olbia city .............. 38 The fortified defensive system of Olbia .................................................................................. 38 The civic space of the ancestors .............................................................................................. 38 The west border line................................................................................................................ 39 The north border line .............................................................................................................. 39 The north geographical border of ’Skythian square’............................................................... 39 The Skythians’ nomadism as a strategic choice ...................................................................... 40 Reasons for Herodotus’ view of the Skythia ................................................................. 41 To shape ethnic identity .......................................................................................................... 41 To sensibilize the city states as to be prepared within and among the city-states ................ 42 Conclusions ................................................................................................................... 42 List of tables .................................................................................................................. 44 Table 1: How W. and Wells J. 1928: The subdivision of the Skythian matter Book 4 ............. 44 Table 2: Zhbelev S.A., unpublished study 1953: The subdivision of the Skythian matter Book 4 ............................................................................................................................................... 45 Table 3: Myres, J. L. 1953: The subdivision of the Skythian matter Book 4 ........................... 46 Table 4: Hind, J.G.F 2011: The subdivision of the Skythian matter Book 4 ............................. 47 Table 5: Corcella A., Medaglia S.M.and Fraschetti A. 1993. The subdivision of the Skythian matter ...................................................................................................................................... 47 6. “Skythians’” and their ethnic context ............................................................... 48 The wooden steppes of upper Bug River ...................................................................... 50 The Berezan settlement ................................................................................................ 51 The Greek cities in the Black Sea .................................................................................. 52 Skythians and Sarmatians ............................................................................................. 53 The Bosporian Kingdom and the Gethic Skythia .......................................................... 53 The cultural and institutional context that framed the social relations among Skythians’ and Greeks in Euxine Pontos ....................................................................... 54 The city state and the king’s political body ............................................................................. 54 Dissertation Theodosia Myrodi M.Arch. 2012 The attribution of justice in the Skythian court ...................................................................... 56 The relations of Black Sea Greeks with the local collectivities ..................................... 57 What Skythians and Black Sea Greeks had to share? ................................................... 57 The worship of Achilles ........................................................................................................... 57 Close to Hylaia, the Achillean race .......................................................................................... 57 The sharing of blood ................................................................................................................ 58 The eschatological thinking ..................................................................................................... 58 The sharing of subsistence patterns ........................................................................................ 59 The sharing of materiality of Greek ceramics ......................................................................... 59 The sharing of institutions under the status quo of free trade ............................................... 60 The sharing of artistic taste in goldsmith’s workshops ........................................................... 61 The sharing of inspiration in artistic expression, what it is now called stylistic analysis. ....... 62 The sharing of challenges of common material interest ......................................................... 62 The sharing of the common locality in death. The Parutino cemetery ................................... 62 The royal burial mounts in Herodotus times, in late 5th - 4th c. BC ............................ 62 The Hartogs’ comparative interpretation on funeral symbolisms ............................... 63 The funeral rites in comparison .................................................................................... 64 The spectacle and the speech in funerals ..................................................................... 65 The typology of the Skythian graves in 7th -3rd c.BC. .................................................... 65 The Pit grave ............................................................................................................................ 65 The catacomb grave ................................................................................................................ 66 The Oguz tumuli ...................................................................................................................... 66 Conclusions ................................................................................................................... 67 7. A Brief Skythians’ historiography and the burial monuments ............................. 68 Hypothesis on the rank collectivities ............................................................................ 68 The Pre-Skythian layers and the Cimmerians ............................................................... 70 Early to Middle Bronze Age. Burial evidence in Kuban area ........................................ 72 Iron Age or Geometric Period for the Mediterranean area ......................................... 76 Archaic period .The Skythians’ as the multi tribal political collectivity ........................ 77 In North West Black Sea area .................................................................................................. 77 In Northern Caucasus .............................................................................................................. 77 In the Don River area ............................................................................................................... 79 In the forest Steppe of European land .................................................................................... 79 Brief Skythians ‘historiography ..................................................................................... 81 Dissertation Theodosia Myrodi M.Arch. 2012 1st period— pre-Skythians’ and initial pre-Skythians’ epoch ................................................... 81 2nd period—Early pre-Skythians’ epoch .................................................................................. 82 The early Skythians’ epoch 7th-6th c. BC ................................................................................. 82 The middle Skythians’ epoch 6th -5th c. BC .............................................................................. 83 The Classical Skythians’ epoch ................................................................................................ 83 The latest Skythians’ epoch 3rd c. BC - 3rd c. AD ...................................................................... 84 The skythologist on the Skythians’ culture ................................................................... 84 The periodization of the Russian ethnohistory related to the key monuments on European and Central Asian land ................................................................................. 85 A critical view on the Skythians’ history ....................................................................... 86 Culture of ethnos and ethnic culture ...................................................................................... 87 Open ended conclusions under the above stated pre-conditions ............................... 88 List of tables .................................................. Σφάλμα! Δεν έχει οριστεί σελιδοδείκτης. Table 6. Some testimonies of burial content in Kelermes ‘s barrows 1 and 3. ..................... 94 Table 7: Pre -Skythian and initial Skythian epoch 9th to 7th c. BC in South Asia and Northern Black Sea and Northern Caucasus. ......................................................................................... 95 Table 8: Early Skythian History and the left monuments, 7th to 6th Centuries BC, in Central Asia and Northern Caucasus.................................................................................................... 97 Table 9: The middle stage of the Skythian epoch in Central Asia ........................................... 98 Table 10: The classical Skythia in European forest steppe ...................................................... 98 Table 11: The Classical Skythian history and the left monuments 5th to 4th c. BC in Asian territory.Pazyryk monuments ............................................................................................... 100 Bibliography ....................................................................................................... 101 Ancient Sources .......................................................................................................... 109
en
heal.advisorName
Xydopoulos, I.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Xydopoulos, Ass. Prof. I.
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Nigdelis, As. Professor. Pantelis
en
heal.committeeMemberName
Manoledakis, Lec. Manolis
en
heal.academicPublisher
School of Humanities, MA in Black Sea & Eastern Mediterranean Studies
en
heal.academicPublisherID
ihu
heal.numberOfPages
112
heal.fullTextAvailability
false


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